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    * Worker-communist Party of Iran *

    حزب کمونیست کارگری ایران

    (Wikipedia) - Worker-communist Party of Iran
    This article relies on references to primary sources. Please add references to secondary or tertiary sources. (December 2011)
    Worker-communist Party of Iran Chairperson Founded IdeologyWebsite
    حزب کمونیست کارگری ایران
    Hamid Taqvaee
    Workerism Communism Third camp
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    The Worker-communist Party of Iran (Persian: حزب کمونیست کارگری ایران‎) founded 1991, is a political party that seeks the revolutionary overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the establishment of a ''Socialist Republic'' in its place. The party''s primary slogans are "Liberty, Equality, Workers'' Rule", "Down with the Islamic Republic", "For a Socialist Republic", and "The Basis of Socialism is the Human Being".

    WPI owns a 24 hour TV station called New Channel which is mainly in Persian but also broadcasts some programs in English, Kurdish and Azeri Turkish. The WPI declared New Channel the first 24 hour communist TV station in the world. The Communist Youth Organization is the youth wing of WPI. The current leader is Hamid Taqvaee; some other important figures are Mostafa Saber, Mina Ahadi and Maryam Namazie.



    WPI is banned in Iran as are other parties opposed to the Islamic Republic. It nevertheless boasts members in worker, student and other sections of Iranian society. The party maintains a presence in Western countries - having official organizations in Germany, UK, Sweden, Netherlands, Norway, France, Finland, Denmark and Canada. It also has members in the United States, Turkey and Pakistan, to name just some. Using these countries as a base, the WPI works with the Iranian community to further its immediate aims - to isolate the Islamic Republic.

    History Foundation

    WPI was formed in 1991 after some members of the Communist Party of Iran left to form a new party. The main founder and leader of the party was Mansoor Hekmat, who died in 2002. The founding declaration of the party has four signatures: Mansoor Hekmat, Koorosh Modarresi, Reza Moghadam and Iraj Azarin. The latter three individuals have since left the party.

    Debate on leadership

    After the death of Mansoor Hekmat in 2002, there was a debate in the party over whether a new leader should be announced or not. This led to the formation of two factions, one centred on Hamid Taghvayee, who was defending "Collective Leadership"; the other around Koroosh Modaressi who believed that party should choose a leader immediately. The Central Committee subsequently voted for immediate election of a leader. Taqvaee and Modaressi nominated themselves and Koroosh Modaressi was chosen.

    During the 4th Congress of Party, Modaressi did not nominate himself for leadership again saying that he would like stand down in favour of Hamid Taqvaee who, as the only candidate, was then appointed automatically.

    Major split in August 2004

    The leadership debates eventually led to the exodus of more than half of the members of Central Commititee and most of the Kurdistan Committee in August 2004. The defectors chose the leadership of Koroosh Modaressi, who was then Chairperson of the Political Bureau. This move was supported by the leadership of the Worker-Communist Party of Iraq. Together they formed a new party called the Worker-Communist Party of Iran-Hekmatist. They claim to be closer to the ideas of Mansoor Hekmat, though this is denied by the leadership of the WPI, who declared themselves to be the real followers of Hekmat''s ideas.

    The conflict between the two parties is still ongoing and the WPI leadership sometimes sarcastically refer to the WPI-H as ''anti-Hekmatist''. In return the WPI-H claim that WPI represents a retreat to the "traditional left" and is a "populist" party.

    Publications and papers

    The WPI''s main newspaper is Anternasional (in Persian: International), an eight page Persian publication which is published every Friday. However, the party is also responsible for the following publications:

    In March 2006 the WPI started a theoretical journal named Besooye Socialism (in Persian: به سوی سوسیالیسم Toward Socialism). The first issue was published in October 2008.

    Participation in allied groups and campaigns

    Since the establishment of the party, WPI members and cadres have created and joined many organisations and campaigns on different issues. Such organisations are usually very close to the party. These are as follows:

    Sister parties

    Leftist Worker-Communist Party of Iraq (LWPI) which was formed in 2004 after the major split in the WPI. It is a sister party to WPI. LWPI Current Leader, Osam Shukri is a member of Central Committee and politburo of WPI.

    External links

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