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    * Archaeology of Iran *

    باستانشناسی ایران


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    (Wikipedia) - From 1800 onward, with the arrival of foreign missions in Persia, an interest in the identification of places mentioned in the Bible and by classical authors grew. In the first half of the nineteenth century, an effort was made to provide written descriptions and hand-drawn illustrations of visible monuments.. By The late 19th century, despite maintaining its independence,Iran was nominally transformed into a buffer zone between the British and Russian empires in Asia. The Anglo-Russian mutual understanding opened Iran to British and Russian agents, some with archaeological interests. In the early 1840s, the Russian Baron Th.A. de Bode and the British Austin H. Layard traveled in Lurestan and Khuzestan and recorded some archaeological sites. From 1836 to 1841, Henry C. Rawlinson copied the trilingual inscription at Bisotun and made a major breakthrough in deciphering the cuneiform script.11 Later, based on the recently translated cuneiform inscriptions and classical texts, George Rawlinson published the first modern history of ancient Iran from the Median to the Sasanian periods,in a series which eventually culminated in the publication of The Seven Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World. In 1839, Flandin was, along with Coste, made a laureate of the Institut de France, and they both joined the embassy of the Comte de Sercey to Persia (1839u201341). After parting from de Serceyu2019s mission, they left Isfahan (31 May 1841) with very limited financial means and retinue. They pursued their periplus towards Hamadu0101n, Kangu0101var, Bu012Bsotu016Bn, u1E24olwu0101n, etc. They went back to Isfahan and then on to Shiraz and the Persian Gulf (Bu016Bu0161ehr), returning to Tehran via Shiraz, Isfahan, and Ku0101u0161u0101n. They then traveled to Tabru012Bz, where disastrous sanitary conditions hampered their return through Trabzon or Tiflis so that they had to take the Tabru012Bz-Baghdad route through Kurdistan instead. Despite its many predecessors, Flandinu2019s Voyage en Perse remains a model of its kind and an important source, particularly on early Qajar Persia, due to both its text and its illustrations. It provides many precious observations on history, archeology, arts, architecture, geography, social and court life, royal and provincial administration, military organization, etc. Itineraries are carefully noted. A table of distances between clearly identified stages is given in u201Ctime necessary at the ordinary pace of a horseu201D. King Naser ad-Din Shahu2019s interest in antiquities gradually grew beyond excavation and he had a museum built in one of his palaces in Tehran. Schindler wrote in 1875 that u201Cthe Shahanshah [king of kings] has permitted some foreigners to dig at [some some] mounds. It is a pity that these ancient artifacts are being taken away from this land. It would be a good idea to put everything like bricks, seals, etc. in the Shahanshahi museum. Archaeology of Iran Henry Layard in Luri castume, Persia 1840sFrom 1800 onward, with the arrival of foreign missions in Persia, an interest in the identification of places mentioned in the Bible and by classical authors grew. In the first half of the nineteenth century, an effort was made to provide written descriptions and hand-drawn illustrations of visible monuments..By The l

    Tags:Archaeology, Archaeology of Iran, Asia, Baghdad, Bible, British, France, Iran, Isfahan, Khuzestan, Kurdistan, Persia, Persian, Persian Gulf, Qajar, Russian, Shahanshah, Shiraz, Tehran, Trabzon, Wikipedia


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