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    * Capital punishment in Iran *

    اعدام در ایران


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Capital punishment is legal and applied in Iran. Capital crimes are murder, rape, adultery, pedophilia, sodomy, drug trafficking, moharebeh (waging war on people or God) and mofsed-e-filarz (spreading corruption on earth). Various sources claim that up to 312 people were executed in Iran in 2010, the commonly accepted number being around 180. The overwhelming majority were drug traffickers, and virtually all executions are carried out for murder, aggravated rape, large scale drug trafficking, and armed robbery (cases usually resulting in rape/death). Iran has garnered Western media attention and criticism for allegedly carrying out lethal punishments, like stoning, and executions of minors, despite having signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which forbids executing "child" offenders for crimes committed under the age of 18. However, Iran claims dispensation in cases where the Convention is deemed "incompatible with Islamic jurisprudence". An Iranian judiciary spokesman fiercely denied that it executes juvenile criminals or stones people to death, describing it as "propaganda against Iranian state ". Iran is alleged to have the second highest execution rate in the world, second to China, although other countries like Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria and many more allegedly carry out secret executions. Since the 1979 revolution, Iran uses a modified version of Sharia law, based on a French civil law legal system. Executions of women in Iran happen less often, and only account for a handful of executions every year. Only four women were executed in Iran in 2010. Death sentences in Iran are in theory legal for eight different crimes: armed robbery, treason, murder, drug trafficking, rape, pedophilia, sodomy, kidnapping and terrorism. Capital punishment in Iran is both legal and used in fact. Crimes punishable by death include murder, rape, adultery, pedophilia, sodomy, drug trafficking, armed robbery, kidnapping, terrorism, and treason. According to Amnesty International, there were 156 death sentences passed and 360 executions carried out in Iran in 2011, according to Iranian public sources 252 executions, thereof 5 women and 1 juvenile, were carried out during 2011. The overwhelming majority were drug related (up to 74%), and almost all executions were carried out for murder, aggravated rape, deadly robbery/kidnapping, or large scale drug trafficking. Iran has garnered Western media attention and criticism for allegedly carrying out executions of minors despite having signed the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which forbids executing child offenders for crimes committed under the age of 18. Iran justifies its actions by claiming dispensation in cases where the Convention is deemed "incompatible with Islamic jurisprudence". Iran has also been criticized for allegedly using stoning as capital punishment, though an Iranian judiciary spokesman fiercely denied the accusations of stoning and executing minors, describing these as propaganda against the Iranian state. Iran is claimed to have the second-highest execution rate in the world (after China), but other countries such as Iraq, Afghanistan, and Nigeria allegedly carry out secret executions. Iran insists that the execution numbers human rights groups allege are exaggerated, and that executions are only carried out after a lengthy judicial process. Iranian officials cite that they are fighting a large-scale drug war along its eastern borders, and the increase of drug lords and dealers causes a

    Tags:Afghanistan, Amnesty International, Capital, Capital punishment in Iran, China, French, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Islamic, Nigeria, Sharia, Wikipedia


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