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    * Yazdgerd 1 *

    یزدگرد اول ، یزدگرد یکم


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    Yazdgerd 1. was the 13th or 14th Sassanid king of Persia and ruled from 399 to 421. He is believed by some to be the son of Shapour 3. (383–388) or Bahram 4. (388–389). He succeeded to the Persian throne on the assassination of Bahram 4. in 399 and ruled for twenty-one years till his death in 421.Yazdgerd 1.'s reign is largely uneventful. The king is described as being of a peaceful disposition. There were cordial relations between Persia and the Eastern Roman Empire as well as between Persia and the Western Roman Empire. Early during his reign, Yazdgerd was entrusted the care of the Roman prince Theodosius by his father Arcadius on the latter's death in 408, and Yazdgerd faithfully defended the life, power and possessions of the Roman prince.Yazdgerd promoted Christianity in the early years of his reign and later opposed it. His alternate persecution of Zoroastrians and later Christians earned him the epithets of Al Khasha or "the Harsh" and Al Athim or "the Wicked" and Yazdgerd the Sinner. However, his general disposition towards the citizens of the Persian Empire was good. They gave him the epithet of Ramashtras or "the most quiet".The later part of his reign was occupied by his attempts to convert Armenia to Zoroastrianism. During his last days, there took place a civil war between his sons. Bahram 5. emerged victorious and claimed the throne. Yazdgerd 1. died in 421 and was succeeded by his son Bahram 5. (Bahram-e-Goor).When Bahram 4. was assassinated in 399, his son Yazdgerd succeeded him. The Persian soldiers who had murdered Bahram 4. did not hurt him on account of his excellent character and fine disposition. The general tenor of his rule was quite peaceful.The Ostrogoth invasion of 386, the revolt of Maximus in 387, the Antioch revolt of 387, the invasion of Gaul in 388, the massacres at Thessalonika and the rebellion of Argobastes and Eugenius in 393 had severely weakened the Roman Empire. Between 386 and 398, Gildo the Moor ruled an independent kingdom in Africa, and in 395 the Goths took to arms under their leader Alaric. But Yazdgerd on his accession to the throne desisted from assuming any aggressive posture towards the Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius or the Western Roman Emperor Honorius. Yazdgerd's extreme tranquility and his reluctance to invade the Roman Empire earned him the epithet "Ramashtras," "the most quiet," or "the most firm," he justified his assumption of it by a complete abstinence from all military expeditions.On the ninth year of his reign, it is believed, Yazdgerd was entrusted the care of Prince Theodosius by his father Arcadius, the Eastern Roman Emperor. It was strange that Arcadius chose neither his younger-brother Honorius nor any of his distinguished subjects for the purpose and instead entrusted his son to the charge of the Persian monarch. He accompanied the appointment by a solemn appeal to the magnanimity of Isdigerd, whom he exhorted at some length to defend with all his force, and guide with his best wisdom, the young king and his kingdom. One writer even goes to the extent of claiming that Arcadius gifted Yazdgerd a thousand pounds of pure gold in return for his favor. When Arcadius died, and the testament was opened, information of its contents was sent to Isdigerd, who at once accepted the charge assigned to him, and addressed a letter to the Senate of Constantinople, iYazdgerd 1. was the 13th or 14th Sassanid king of Persia and ruled from 399 to 421. He is believed by some to be the son of Shapour 3. (383–388) or Bahram 4. (388–389). He succeeded to the Persian throne on the assassination of Bahram 4. in 399 and ruled for twenty-one years till his death in 421.Yazdgerd 1.'s reign is largely uneventful. The king is described as being of a peaceful disposition. There were cordial relations between Persia and the Eastern Roman Empire as well as between Persia and the Western Roman Empire. Early during his reign, Yazdgerd was entrusted the care of the Roman prince Theodosius by his father Arcadius on the latter's death in 408, and Yazdgerd faithfully defended the life, power and possessions of the Roman prince.Yazdgerd promoted Christianity in the early years of his reign and later opposed it. His alternate persecution of Zoroastrians and later Christians earned him the epithets of Al Khasha or "the Harsh" and Al Athim or "the Wicked" and Yazdgerd the Sinner. However, his general disposition towards the citizens of the Persian Empire was good. They gave him the epithet of Ramashtras or "the most quiet".The later part of his reign was occupied by his attempts to convert Armenia to Zoroastrianism. During his last days, there took place a civil war between his sons. Bahram 5. emerged victorious and claimed the throne. Yazdgerd 1. died in 421 and was succeeded by his son Bahram 5. (Bahram-e-Goor).When Bahram 4. was assassinated in 399, his son Yazdgerd succeeded him. The Persian soldiers who had murdered Bahram 4. did not hurt him on account of his excellent character and fine disposition. The general tenor of his rule was quite peaceful.The Ostrogoth invasion of 386, the revolt of Maximus in 387, the Antioch revolt of 387, the invasion of Gaul in 388, the massacres at Thessalonika and the rebellion of Argobastes and Eugenius in 393 had severely weakened the Roman Empire. Between 386 and 398, Gildo the Moor ruled an independent kingdom in Africa, and in 395 the Goths took to arms under their leader Alaric. But Yazdgerd on his accession to the throne desisted from assuming any aggressive posture towards the Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius or the Western Roman Emperor Honorius. Yazdgerd's extreme tranquility and his reluctance to invade the Roman Empire earned him the epithet "Ramashtras," "the most quiet," or "the most firm," he justified his assumption of it by a complete abstinence from all military expeditions.On the ninth year of his reign, it is believed, Yazdgerd was entrusted the care of Prince Theodosius by his father Arcadius, the Eastern Roman Emperor. It was strange that Arcadius chose neither his younger-brother Honorius nor any of his distinguished subjects for the purpose and instead entrusted his son to the charge of the Persian monarch. He accompanied the appointment by a solemn appeal to the magnanimity of Isdigerd, whom he exhorted at some length to defend with all his force, and guide with his best wisdom, the young king and his kingdom. One writer even goes to the extent of claiming that Arcadius gifted Yazdgerd a thousand pounds of pure gold in return for his favor. When Arcadius died, and the testament was opened, information of its contents was sent to Isdigerd, who at once accepted the charge assigned to him, and addressed a letter to the Senate of Constantinople, in which

    Tags:Africa, Armenia, Bahram 4, Bahram 5, Christianity, Constantinople, Goor, Persia, Persian, Roman, Sassanid, Senate, Shapour, Shapour 3, Theodosius, Yazdgerd, Yazdgerd 1


    See Also:Yazdegerd I



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