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    یاخونت


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    (Wikipedia) - P-800 Oniks   (Redirected from Yakhont) Yakhont/Onyx missile Type Place of origin Service history In service Used by Production history Manufacturer Specifications Weight Length Diameter Warhead Engine Wingspan Operational range Flight altitude Speed Guidance systemLaunch platform
    anti-ship cruise missile
    Soviet Union
    2002–present
    See Operators
    NPO Mashinostroyeniya
    3,000 kg (6,614 lb)
    8.9 m (29.2 ft)
    0.7 m (2.3 ft)
    250 kg (551 lb)
    Ramjet using kerosene liquid fuel
    1.7 m (5.6 ft)
    120 to 300 km (74.6 to 186.4 mi) depending on altitude
    10 meters or higher
    Mach 2.5
    midcourse inertial, active-passive radar seeker head
    coastal installations, naval ship, Fixed-wing aircraft

    The P-800 Oniks (Russian: П-800 Оникс; English: Onyx), also known in export markets as Yakhont (Russian: Яхонт; English: ruby), is a Russian/Soviet supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr. Its GRAU designation is 3M55. Development officially started in 1983, and by 2001 allowed the launch of the missile from land, sea, air and submarine. The missile has the NATO reporting codename SS-N-26 "Strobile". It is reportedly a replacement for the P-270 Moskit, but possibly also for the P-700 Granit. The P-800 was reportedly used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos.

    Contents

    Description

    The missile is carried in flight by aerodynamic lift. The solid-propellant booster is located in the ramjet''s combustion chamber and is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.

    Standard batteries of the K-300 Bastion-P (Бастион-П-Подвижный):

    Advantages

    Over-the-horizon firing range, full autonomy of combat use ("fire and forget"), a set of flexible ("low", "high-low") trajectories, high supersonic speed on all phases of flight, full harmonization for a wide range of platforms (surface ships of all major classes, submarines and land-based launchers), low profile flight (sea-skimming), possible use of the missile in electronic countermeasures environment and under enemy fire.

    Operational history Syria

    In 2010 Sergei Prikhodko, senior adviser to the Russian President, has said that Russia intends to deliver P-800 to Syria based on the contracts signed in 2007. Syria received 2 Bastion missile systems with 36 missiles each (72 in total). The missiles'' test was broadcast by Syrian state TV.

    In May 2013, Russia continued the contract delivery to the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad supplying missiles with an advanced radar to make them more effective to counter any future foreign military invasion. The warehouse containing the Bastion launchers was destroyed in an Israeli air strike on Latakia on 5 July 2013, but US intelligence analysts believe that some missiles had been removed before the attack.

    Specifications

    Radar homing head

    Variants Operators

    Tags:Bashar al-Assad, Crimea, Export, India, Indonesia, Israeli, Latakia, Mach, NATO, P-800, P-800 Oniks, President, Russia, Russian, Soviet, Soviet Union, Syria, Syrian, US, Vietnam, Wikipedia, Yakhont


    See Also:P-800 Oniks



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