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* West-östlicher Diwan *

دیوان غربی-شرقی


Germany_Weimar_Hafez_Goethe.jpg
(Wikipedia) - West-östlicher Diwan For the orchestra, see West-Eastern Divan Orchestra.Frontispiece and title page of the first edition, Cotta publishing house, Stuttgart, 1819

West-östlicher Diwan ("West-Eastern Diwan", original title: West-östlicher Divan) is a diwan, or collection of lyrical poems, by the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. It was inspired by the Persian poet Hafez.

Contents

Composition

West-Eastern Divan was written between 1814 and 1819, the year when it was first published. It was inspired by Goethe''s correspondence with Marianne von Willemer and the translation of Hafez'' poems by the orientalist Joseph von Hammer. An expanded version was printed in 1827. It is part of Goethe''s late work and the last great cycle of poetry he worked on.

The initial issue consisted of twelve books:

The work can be seen as a symbol for a stimulating exchange and mixture between Orient and Occident. The word "west-eastern" does not only refer to German-Middle-eastern, but also Latin-Persian and Christian-Muslim. The twelve books consist of poetry of all different kinds: parables, historical allusions, pieces of invective, politically or religiously inclined poetry mirroring the attempt to bring together Orient and Occident.

For a better understanding, Goethe added "Notes and Queries", in which he comments on historical figures, events, terms and places.

Bibliography ReceptionHafez-Goethe monument in Weimar, Germany

West-Eastern Divan influenced poets like Friedrich Rückert, who in 1822 issued his Östliche Rosen (Eastern Roses) collection of Oriental poetry, as well as Christian Morgenstern and Walter Benjamin. In 1924 the Persian poet Sir Muhammad Iqbal issued the Payam-e-Mashriq (The Message of the East) in reply to Goethe''s salute.

Various poems were set to music by Franz Schubert (D 717 Suleika II, Op. 31; D 719 Geheimes, Op. 14 No. 2; D 720 Suleika I, Op. 14 No. 1), Robert Schumann (Op. 25 Myrthen No. 5, 6 and 9), Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (Op. 34 No. 4 Suleika: Ach, um deine feuchten Schwingen; Op. 57 No. 3 Suleika: Was bedeutet die Bewegung?), Hugo Wolf (Goethe-Lieder), Richard Strauss (Op. 67 No. 4 Wer wird von der der Welt verlangen), Waldemar von Baußnern (Symphonic Cantata Hafis), Arnold Schönberg, and Othmar Schoeck.

Tags:Christian, Diwan, German, Germany, Goethe, Hafez, Hafiz, Iran, Iranica, Iranshenasi, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Muslim, Parsi, Persian, Timur, Weimar, West-östlicher, West-östlicher Diwan, Wikipedia


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