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    * Ufa *

    اوفا


    Kufa_Imam_Ali_House.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Ufa For other uses, see Ufa (disambiguation). Ufa (English) Уфа (Russian) Өфө (Bashkir) Coat of Arms City Day Administrative status (as of March 2011) Country Federal subject Administratively subordinated to Capital of Administrative center of Municipal status (as of February 2012) Urban okrug Administrative center of Head Representative body Statistics Area Population (2010 Census) - Rank in 2010 Density Time zone Founded City status since Postal code(s) Dialing code(s)
    -  City  -
    Views of Ufa
    Location of the Republic of Bashkortostan in Russia
    UfaLocation of Ufa in the Republic of Bashkortostan
    Coordinates: 54°45′N 55°58′E / 54.750°N 55.967°E / 54.750; 55.967Coordinates: 54°45′N 55°58′E / 54.750°N 55.967°E / 54.750; 55.967
    Flag
    June 12
    Russia
    Republic of Bashkortostan
    city of republic significance of Ufa
    Republic of Bashkortostan
    city of republic significance of Ufa, Ufimsky District
    Ufa Urban Okrug
    Ufa Urban Okrug, Ufimsky Municipal District
    Irek Yalalov
    City Council
    753.7 km2 (291.0 sq mi)
    1,062,319 inhabitants
    11th
    1,409 /km2 (3,650 /sq mi)
    YEKT (UTC+06:00)
    1574
    1586
    450000—450999
    +7 347
    Official website
    Ufa on WikiCommons

    Ufa (Russian: Уфа; IPA: ; Bashkir: Өфө, Öfö; IPA: ,  pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital city of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, and the industrial, economic, scientific and cultural center of the republic. Population: 1,062,319 (2010 Census); 1,042,437 (2002 Census); 1,082,052 (1989 Census).

    Contents

    HistoryEarly color photograph of Ufa taken in 1910 by Sergey Prokudin-GorskyGovernment building in Ufa
    This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2013)

    The city began as a fortress built on the orders of Ivan the Terrible in 1574, and originally bore the name of the hill it stood on, Tura-Tau. After the outbreak of the Pugachev''s Rebellion, it went through the most brutal events in its early history, the fortress and the city were in the middle of the military actions. For several months during the winter of 1773–1774, Ufa was under siege by Cossack and Bashkir insurgents until they were fought off by the arrived government forces.

    Before becoming the seat of a separate Ufa Governorate in 1781, the city, along with the rest of the Bashkir lands, was under the jurisdiction of the Orenburg governors. And even though the 1796 reform reunited Orenburg and Ufa again, in 1802 the city of Ufa became a new center of the entire Orenburg Governorate that included large territories of modern-day Republic of Bashkortostan, Orenburg Oblast, and Chelyabinsk Oblast. During the 1800-1810s, Scottish Russian architect William Heste developed a general city plan for Ufa as a regional capital shaping the modern outline of its historical center.

    The Belaya River Waterway (1870) and the Samara-Zlatoust Railroad (1890) connected the city to the European part of the Russian Empire and stimulated development of the city''s light industry. As a result, in 1913 the population of Ufa grew to 100,000.

    On July 5, 1918, several months after the establishment of the Soviet power, Ufa was captured by the anti-Bolshevik forces supported by the Czechoslovak Legion. Ufa was chosen to host the September 1918 State Conference of the anti-Bolshevik forces from all across the former empire. After the end of the Conference on September 23, Ufa became the capital of the Provisional All-Russian Government headed by Nikolai Avksentiev, better known as the Ufa Directory.

    On June 14, 1922, after the enlargement of the Bashkir ASSR, Ufa became its new capital. During the 1920-1930s, the city went through the rise of heavy industry. The discovery of oil in Bashkiria made Ufa one of the Soviet oil extracting and oil refining centers. Ufa Oil Refinery was opened in 1937. Population grew up to 500,000 inhabitants in the 1950s and to 1,000,000 in 1980.

    During World War II, following eastward Soviet retreat in 1941, a number of industrial enterprises of the western parts of the Soviet Union were evacuated to Ufa. The city also became the wartime seat of the Soviet Ukrainian government.

    Administrative and municipal status

    Ufa is the capital of the republic and, within the framework of the administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Ufimsky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Ufa—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Ufa is incorporated as Ufa Urban Okrug.

    Economy Industry

    Many urban enterprises engaged in oil refining, chemistry, mechanical engineering reside in Ufa. Additionally, the economy of Ufa is composed of many fuel, energy and engineering complexes.

    The value of goods, services, and manufacturing in Ufa totaled 185.0 billion rubles in 2009 ((DB regions of the Volga district))

    Ufa is home to about 200 large and medium industrial enterprises.

    Some important enterprises in Ufa include:

    Finance

    Ufa is a donor of the republic''s and federal budgets. About 62.8% of tax revenues accumulated on the territory of Ufa City municipal district of Bashkortostan Republic are directed to the federal budget and 29% to the republic''s budget.

    Transportation

    Ufa is linked by railways to the rest of Russia, having a railway station on a historic branch of the Transsib. Ufa is the only city connected to Moscow by more than one federal highway. The M7 motorway links the city to Kazan and Moscow and the M5 motorway links Ufa to Moscow and to the Asian part of Russia.

    The Ufa International Airport has international flights to the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Greece, Egypt, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, as well as domestic flights to many Russian cities and towns.

    The Ufa Metro is a planned and oft-delayed subway system, discussed since the late 1980s. On May 30, 1996, there was a ceremony marking the beginning of preparatory construction work, attended by then-President Boris Yeltsin.

    Public transportation in Ufa includes trams (since 1937) and trolleybuses (since 1962) systems, as well as bus and marshrutka (routed cabs) lines.

    Demographics

    As of the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of the Capital of Republic of Bashkortostan was:

    Ethnicity Percentage
    Russians 48.9%
    Tatars 28.3%
    Bashkirs 17.1%
    Ukrainian 1.2%

    Other ethnicities include Armenians (2,822 people), Germans (2,213 people), Jews (2,082 people), and Azeris (2,075 people).

    Geography and climateView of Ufa over the Belaya River

    Ufa is situated in eastern Europe near its land boundary with Asia, at the confluence of the Belaya and Ufa Rivers, on low hills forming the Ufa Plateau to the west of the southern Urals.

    Climate data for Ufa Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches) Snowfall cm (inches) Avg. precipitation days Avg. snowy days  % humidity Mean monthly sunshine hours
    5.8 (42.4) 9.2 (48.6) 16.2 (61.2) 30.9 (87.6) 36.2 (97.2) 38.3 (100.9) 38.6 (101.5) 38.5 (101.3) 33.4 (92.1) 26.8 (80.2) 15.4 (59.7) 5.0 (41) 38.6 (101.5)
    −8.2 (17.2) −6.8 (19.8) 0.2 (32.4) 10.9 (51.6) 19.9 (67.8) 24.6 (76.3) 25.9 (78.6) 23.5 (74.3) 17.2 (63) 8.7 (47.7) −1 (30) −6.9 (19.6) 9.0 (48.2)
    −12.4 (9.7) −11.8 (10.8) −5.1 (22.8) 5.2 (41.4) 13.2 (55.8) 18.1 (64.6) 19.7 (67.5) 17.2 (63) 11.3 (52.3) 4.5 (40.1) −4.2 (24.4) −10.7 (12.7) 3.75 (38.76)
    −17 (1) −17 (1) −10.4 (13.3) −0.1 (31.8) 6.8 (44.2) 11.8 (53.2) 13.7 (56.7) 11.6 (52.9) 6.5 (43.7) 1.1 (34) −7.5 (18.5) −15 (5) −1.3 (29.7)
    −48.5 (−55.3) −43.5 (−46.3) −34.4 (−29.9) −29.7 (−21.5) −9.7 (14.5) −1.2 (29.8) 1.4 (34.5) −0.6 (30.9) −6.8 (19.8) −25.6 (−14.1) −35.1 (−31.2) −45 (−49) −48.5 (−55.3)
    48 (1.89) 39 (1.54) 32 (1.26) 33 (1.3) 46 (1.81) 66 (2.6) 55 (2.17) 58 (2.28) 51 (2.01) 58 (2.28) 52 (2.05) 51 (2.01) 589 (23.19)
    32 (12.6) 42 (16.5) 41 (16.1) 19 (7.5) 2 (0.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (2) 14 (5.5) 17 (6.7) 172 (67.7)
    11 8 7 7 7 9 9 9 9 11 11 11 109
    22 17 11 2 0 0 0 0 1 2 12 20 87
    83 80 77 69 60 67 71 74 76 79 83 83 75.2
    58.9 96.1 155.0 216.0 279.0 288.0 288.3 251.1 165.0 80.6 51.0 40.3 1,969.3
    Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net,World Meteorological Organization (UN)
    Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory (sun only)
    Government and administrationLocal government

    The bodies of local self-government of Ufa are:

    SportsThe Ufa Arena Club Sport Founded Current League League Rank Stadium
    Salavat Yulaev Ufa Ice Hockey 1961 Kontinental Hockey League 1st Ufa Arena
    Tolpar Ufa Ice Hockey 2009 Minor Hockey League Jr. 1st Ice Palace Salavat Yulaev
    Agidel Ufa Ice Hockey 2010 Women''s Ice Hockey Championship 1st Ice Palace Salavat Yulaev
    FC Ufa Football 2010 Russian Premier League Promoted Dynamo Stadium
    Ural Ufa Volleyball 1992 Volleyball Super League 1st Dynamo Sports Palace
    Ufimochka-USPTU Volleyball 1970 Women''s Volleyball Super League 1st Dynamo Sports Palace
    Education and science

    Educational institutions include:

    Graduate universities and Law Schools:

    Scientific institutions include:

    Religion

    The main religious confessions in the city are Islam (Sunni) and Orthodox Christianity.

    Notable people

    Famous citizens of Ufa include:

    Monuments of Ufa International relations See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia Twin towns and sister cities

    Ufa is twinned with:

    • Orenburg, Russia
    • Paldiski, Estonia

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