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    * The Guardian *

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    (Wikipedia) - The Guardian For other uses, see The Guardian (disambiguation). The Guardian Type Format Owner(s) Publisher Editor Opinion editor Founded Political alignment Language Headquarters Circulation Sister newspapers ISSN OCLC number Official website
    The Guardian front page on 6 June 2014
    Daily newspaper
    Berliner
    Guardian Media Group
    Guardian News and Media
    Alan Rusbridger
    Mark Henry
    1821 by John Edward Taylor as The Manchester Guardian
    Centre-left, liberal
    English
    Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU
    185,313 (June 2014)
    The Observer The Guardian Weekly
    0261-3077
    60623878
    theguardian.com

    The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper. Founded in 1821, it was known as The Manchester Guardian until 1959. From its beginnings as a local paper it has grown into a national paper associated with a complex organisational structure and an international multimedia and web presence. The Guardian is currently edited by Alan Rusbridger. Its sister papers include The Observer (a British Sunday paper) and The Guardian Weekly. It has two online outlets based outside the United Kingdom, Guardian Australia and Guardian US.

    In August 2013, The Guardian in paper form had an average daily circulation of 189,000 copies, behind The Daily Telegraph and The Times, but ahead of The Independent. The newspaper''s online edition was the third most widely read in the world as of June 2012. Its combined print and online editions reach nearly 9 million readers.

    Founded in 1821 by John Edward Taylor in Manchester with backing from the non-conformist Little Circle group of local businessmen, The Manchester Guardian replaced the radical Manchester Observer, which championed the Peterloo Massacre protesters. The paper currently identifies with social liberalism. In the last UK general election in 2010, it supported the Liberal Democrats, who went on to form a coalition government with the Conservatives. The paper is influential in the design and publishing arena, sponsoring many awards in these areas.

    The Guardian has changed format and design over the years, moving from broadsheet to Berliner. It has become an international media organisation with affiliations to other national papers with similar aims. The Guardian Weekly, which circulates worldwide, contains articles from The Guardian and its sister Sunday paper The Observer, as well as reports, features, and book reviews from The Washington Post and articles translated from Le Monde. Other projects include GuardianFilm, the current editorial director of which is Maggie O''Kane.

    Notable scoops include the newspaper''s breaking of the News International phone hacking scandal in 2011, particularly with the revelation of the hacking of murdered teenager Milly Dowler''s phone. The investigation brought about the closure of one of the highest circulation newspapers in the world, the News of the World. The newspaper also broke news of the secret collection of Verizon telephone records held by Barack Obama''s administration in June 2013, and subsequently revealed the existence of the PRISM surveillance program after it was leaked to the paper by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden. The Guardian was named newspaper of the year at the 2014 British Press Awards, for its reporting on government surveillance.

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