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    * Tbilisi *

    Tiflis,Teflis

    تبلیس ، تفلیس


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    Tbilisi is the Capital city of Georgia.Tbilisi, literally meaning Warm Spring is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River. Founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang Gorgasali, the Georgian King of Kartli (Iberia), and made into a capital in the 6th century, Tbilisi is a significant industrial, social, and cultural centre. The city is also emerging as an important transit route for global energy and trade projects. Located strategically at the crossroads between Europe and Asia and lying along the historic Silk Road routes, Tbilisi has often been a point of contention between various rival powers and empires. The demographics of the city are diverse and historically it has been home to peoples from diverse cultures, religions and ethnicities. Despite being overwhelmingly Orthodox Christian, Tbilisi is one of the few places in the world where a synagogue and a mosque are located next to each other; a characteristics of ancient Persian culture. In recent times, Tbilisi has become known for the peaceful Rose Revolution, which took place around Freedom Square and nearby locations after the contested parliamentary elections of 2003 led to the resignation of the Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze.Archaeological studies of the region have revealed that the territory of Tbilisi was settled by humans as early as the 4th millennium B.C.E. The earliest recorded accounts of settlement of the location come from the second half of the 4th century AD, when a fortress was built during King Varaz-Bakur's reign. Towards the end of the 4th century the fortress fell into the hands of the Persians after which the location fell back into the hands of the Kings of Kartli (Georgia) by the middle of the 5th century A.D. King Vakhtang I Gorgasali (reigned in the middle and latter part of the 5th century), who is largely credited for founding Tbilisi, was actually responsible for reviving and building up the city and not founding it. The present-day location of the area which Gorgasali seems to have built up is spread out around the Metekhi cliff and the latter-day Abanot-Ubani neighborhoods.Tbilisi's favorable and strategic location did not necessarily bode well for its existence as Eastern Georgia's/Iberia's capital. Located strategically in the heart of the Caucasus between Europe and Asia, Tbilisi became an object of rivalry between the region's various powers such as Persia, the Byzantine Empire, Arabia and the Seljuk Turks. The cultural development of the city was therefore heavily dependent on who ruled the city at various times. Even though Tbilisi (and Eastern Georgia in general) was able to maintain a certain degree of autonomy from its conquerors, the foreign domination of the city began in the latter half of the 6th century and lasted well into the 10th century A.D.From 570-580 A.D., the Persians took over Tbilisi and ruled it for about a decade. In the year 627 A.D., Tbilisi was sacked by the Byzantine/Khazar armies and later, in 736-738, Arab armies entered the town under Marwan II Ibn-Muhammad. After this point, the Arabs established an emirate centered in Tbilisi. In 764, Tbilisi, still under Arab control was once again sacked by the Khazars. In 853 AD, the armies of Arab leader Bugha the Turk took Tbilisi. The Arab domination of Tbilisi continued until about 1050 AD. In 1068, the city wa (Wikipedia) - Tbilisi Tbilisi თბილისი Country Established Government  • Mayor Area  • City Highest elevation Lowest elevation Population (2012)  • City  • Metro Demonym Time zone Area code(s) Website
    Historical center of Tbilisi
    Flag Seal
    Tbilisi თბილისიLocation of Tbilisi in Georgia
    Coordinates: 41°43′0″N 44°47′0″E / 41.71667°N 44.78333°E / 41.71667; 44.78333
     Georgia
    c. 479 A.D
    David Narmania
     km2]] (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
    770 m (2,530 ft)
    380 m (1,250 ft)
    1,473,551
    1,485,293
    Tbilisian
    Georgian Time (UTC+4)
    +995 32
    www.tbilisi.gov.ge

    Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისი [tʰb̥ilisi] ( listen)), formerly known as Tiflis, is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Mtkvari River with a population of roughly 1.5 million inhabitants. Founded in the 5th century by the monarch of Georgia''s ancient precursor Kingdom of Iberia, Tbilisi has since served, with intermissions, as the Georgian capital. Formerly, the city had also served as the seat of the Imperial administration of the Caucasus during the Russian rule from 1801 to 1917, the capital of the short-lived Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic in 1918, of the Democratic Republic of Georgia from 1918 to 1921, of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1921 to 1991, and the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic from 1922 to 1936.

    Located on the southeastern edge of Europe, Tbilisi''s proximity to lucrative east-west trade routes often made the city a point of contention between various rival empires throughout history and the city''s location to this day ensures its position as an important transit route for global energy and trade projects. Tbilisi''s varied history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, classical, and Soviet structures.

    Historically, Tbilisi has been home to people of diverse cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. Notable tourist destinations include cathedrals like Sameba and Sioni, classical Freedom Square and Rustaveli Avenue, medieval Narikala Fortress, pseudo-Moorish Opera Theater, and the Georgian National Museum.

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