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  • Section: Arts /Sunday 12th October 2014

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    * Taziyeh *

    تعزیه


    Isfahan_Karbala_Taziyeh.jpg
    Taziyeh is a traditional theatre, part of Iranian street arts, performed in narration of the Karbala event and martyrdom of Imam Hossein. (Wikipedia) - Ta''zieh   (Redirected from Taziyeh) Dramatic of Ashura in Iran

    Ta''zieh or Ta''zïye or Ta''zīya or Tazīa, (Arabic: تعزية‎, Persian: تعزیه‎, Urdu: تعزیہ‎) means comfort, condolence. It comes from roots aza (عزو and عزى) which means mourning.

    Depending on region, time, occasion, religion, etc. the word can signify different cultural meanings and practices:

    Contents

    Ta''zieh in Persian culture The ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīye * Country Reference Region ** Inscription history Inscription
    Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
    Iran
    377
    Asia and Australasia
    2010
    • Name as inscribed by UNESCO ** Region as classified by UNESCO

    In Persian culture it refers to condolence theater and Naqqali which are traditional Persian theatrical genres in which the drama is conveyed wholly or predominantly through music and singing. It dates before the Islamic era and the tragedy of Saiawush in Shahnameh is one of the best examples.

    In Persian tradition, Tazieh and Parde-khani, inspired by historical and religious events, symbolize epic spirit and resistance. The common theme is the heroic tales of love and sacrifice, and of resistance against the evil.

    While in the west the two major genres of dramas have been comedy and tragedy, in Persia (Iran), Tazieh seems to be the dominant genre. Considered as Persian opera, Tazieh resembles the European opera in many respects.

    Persian cinema and Persian symphonic music have been influenced by the long tradition of Tazieh in Iran. Abbas Kiarostami, famous Iranian film maker, made a documentary movie entitled "A Look to Tazieh" in which he explores the relationship of the audience to this theatrical form. Nasser Taghvaee also made a documentary entitled "Tamrin e Akhar" on Tazieh.

    Ta''zïye in Iranian Shiism See also: Commemoration of Husayn ibn Ali Imam of Islam Husayn Life Remembrance Perspectives
    A series of articles on
    • Maqtal Al-Husayn
    • Mourning of Muharram
    • Day of Ashura
    • Arba''een
    • Imam Husayn Shrine
    • Hussainia
    • Majlis-e-Aza
    • Marsiya
    • Noha
    • Soaz
    • Ta''zieh
    • Tabuik
    • Hosay
    • Chehel Minbari
    • Chup Tazia
    • Tatbeer
    • The Twelve Imams
    • The Fourteen Infallibles
    • v
    • t
    • e

    The appearance of the characteristic dramatic form of Persia known as the ta''zïyeMu''izz ad-Dawla, the king of Buyid dynasty, in 963. As soon as the Safavid Dynasty was established in Persia in 1501 and the Shiism of the Twelvers adopted as the official sect, the state took interest in theater as a tool of propagating Shiism.

    Ta''zīya in Indian Subcontinent

    Tags:Abbas Kiarostami, Arabic, Ashura, Asia, Battle of Karbala, Day of Ashura, Dynasty, Imam, Imam Hossein, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Islamic, Karbala, Life, Majlis, Miniature, Muharram, Persia, Persian, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Shahnameh, Shiism, Taziyeh, UNESCO, Urdu, Wikipedia


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