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    * Tarcisio Bertone *

    تارسیسیو برتونه

    (Wikipedia) - Tarcisio Bertone His Eminence Tarcisio Bertone SDB See Appointed Predecessor Other posts Orders Ordination Consecration Created Cardinal Rank Personal details Birth name Born Nationality Denomination Residence Previous post Motto Signature Coat of arms
    Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church
    4 April 2007
    Eduardo Martínez Somalo
    1 July 1960 by Albino Mensa
    1 August 1991 by Albino Mensa
    21 October 2003 by John Paul II
    Cardinal-Priest (2003-2008) Cardinal-Bishop (2008-present)
    Tarcisio Pietro Evasio Bertone
    (1934-12-02) 2 December 1934 (age 79) Romano Canavese, Italy
    Roman Catholic
    Vatican City
    • Archbishop of Vercelli (1991–1995)
    • Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (1995–2002)
    • Archbishop of Genoa (2002–2006)
    • Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria Auxiliatrice in via Tuscolana (2003–2008)
    • Cardinal Secretary of State (2006-2013)
    fidem custodire, concordiam servare (Protect Faith, Preserve Unity)
    Ordination history of Tarcisio Bertone Priestly ordination Ordained by Date of ordination Episcopal consecration Principal consecrator Date of consecration Cardinalate Elevated by Date of elevation Bishops consecrated by Tarcisio Bertone as principal consecrator Mauro Piacenza Luigi Palletti Raffaele Farina SDB Gianfranco Girotti OFM Conv Antoni Stankiewicz Carlo Chenis SDB Leo Boccardi Vincenzo Bertolone SdP Michele Di Ruberto Gaetano Galbusera Fumagalli SDB Vito Rallo Gianni Ambrosio Luciano Suriani Léon Kalenga Badikebele Frans Daneels OPraem Juan Ignacio Arrieta Ochoa de Chinchetru Miguel Maury Buendía Paolo De Nicolò Bernardito Auza Piergiuseppe Vacchelli Luis Ladaria Ferrer SJ Ambrogio Spreafico Martin Krebs Luigi Bianco Jan Pawłowski Joseph Spiteri Mario Toso SDB Jean Laffitte Giovanni D’Ercole FDP Petar Rajič Piero Pioppo Novatus Rugambwa Eugene Nugent Valentino Di Cerbo Giorgio Lingua Barthélemy Adoukonou
    Albino Mensa (Vercelli)
    1 July 1960
    Albino Mensa (Vercelli emer.)
    1 August 1991
    Pope John Paul II
    21 October 2003
    15 November 2003
    16 January 2005
    16 December 2006
    16 December 2006
    16 December 2006
    10 February 2007
    18 March 2007
    3 May 2007
    30 June 2007
    26 August 2007
    28 October 2007
    16 February 2008
    26 April 2008
    1 May 2008
    1 May 2008
    1 May 2008
    12 June 2008
    12 June 2008
    3 July 2008
    3 July 2008
    26 July 2008
    26 July 2008
    16 November 2008
    25 April 2009
    30 April 2009
    24 May 2009
    12 December 2009
    12 December 2009
    12 December 2009
    23 January 2010
    18 March 2010
    18 March 2010
    18 March 2010
    1 May 2010
    9 October 2010
    8 October 2011

    Tarcisio Pietro Evasio Bertone, S.D.B. (born 2 December 1934) is an Italian prelate and a Vatican diplomat. A cardinal of the Catholic Church, he has served as Archbishop of Vercelli from 1991 to 1995, as Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, when Cardinal Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI, was Prefect, Archbishop of Genoa from 2002 to 2006, and as Cardinal Secretary of State from 2006 to 2013. Bertone was elevated to the cardinalate in 2003. On 10 May 2008, he was named Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati.

    Cardinal Bertone has been serving as Camerlengo since 2007. In the period between Benedict XVI''s resignation on 28 February 2013 and the election of Pope Francis, he served temporarily as the administrator of the Holy See and acting head of state of the Vatican City State. He was considered a contender to succeed Pope Benedict XVI.

    Besides his native Italian, Bertone speaks fluent French, Spanish, German and Portuguese. He has some knowledge of English, although he is not fluent, and he can read Polish, Latin, Greek and Hebrew.


    Early life

    Bertone was born in Romano Canavese, Piedmont, the fifth of eight children. Bertone has stated that his mother was a determined anti-fascist militant of the Italian People''s Party, and later a Christian Democrat.

    He professed his vows as a member of the Salesians on 3 December 1950 and was ordained a priest by Archbishop Albino Mensa on 1 July 1960. He holds a doctorate in canon law. His dissertation was entitled The Governance of the Church in the Thought of Pope Benedict XIV (1740–1758). He served as Professor of Special Moral Theology at the Pontifical Salesian University from 1967 until his appointment as Professor of Canon Law in 1976, a post he held until 1991. He was a visiting professor of Public Ecclesiastical Law at the Institute Utriusque Iuris of the Pontifical Lateran University in 1978. In 1988 he was appointed to a group of experts that assisted Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger in negotiations with the excommunicated Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre. He was also commissioned by Pope John Paul II to assist Emmanuel Milingo, Archbishop Emeritus of Lusaka, Zambia, in returning to the Catholic Church in 2001. Milingo had left the Church to marry Maria Sung of Sun Myung Moon''s Unification Church.

    Archbishop and Cardinal

    On 4 July 1991, Bertone was appointed Archbishop of Vercelli by Pope John Paul II. He was consecrated bishop one month later by Archbishop Mensa, who had also ordained him. He held this post until his resignation in 1995 upon being named Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith under Cardinal Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI. Appointed Archbishop of Genoa on 10 December 2002 and installed on 2 February 2003, Bertone was elevated to the College of Cardinals in the consistory of 21 October 2003, as Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Ausiliatrice in Via Tuscolana.

    According to Bertone''s secretary, "Bertone once decided to take a public bus to the Apostolic Palace. As the Cardinal in his long black cassock and red fascia strode on to the bus, the people, especially a group of young people, stared in silence. Bertone immediately broke the ice with his ''characteristic'' smile. By the time he reached his destination the prelate had engaged the youth in a deep conversation on love, sex, virginity, and chastity".

    He later specialized in the relationship between social morality, faith and politics. He also assisted with the revision of the 1983 Code of Canon Law and undertook pastoral work in parishes. In the Jubilee Year 2000, Cardinal Bertone was entrusted by John Paul II with the publication of the third part of the secret of Fatima.

    Bertone was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI. He also participated as a cardinal elector in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis. Cardinal Bertone is eligible to vote in any future conclaves that begins before his 80th birthday on 2 December 2014.

    On 15 March 2005, Bertone was in the news for "breaking the Church''s silence" and sharply criticizing Dan Brown''s 2003 novel The Da Vinci Code, saying the book was "shameful and unfounded lies", and that believers should boycott the book. Both Bertone and official Vatican spokespeople insisted that Bertone was not speaking as an official representative of the Church, but it was also noted that Bertone''s high placement within the Church hierarchy and the fact that he was often named as a potential candidate for the papacy gave his words considerable weight, such that his comments were often reported by various media as an official statement from the Vatican. In 2006, the NBC news program Dateline described his statement as "a high-ranking Vatican Cardinal called for a boycott of the film."

    Cardinal Secretary of State Styles of Tarcisio Bertone SDB Reference style Spoken style Informal style
    His Eminence
    Your Eminence

    On 22 June 2006, Benedict XVI appointed Cardinal Bertone to replace Angelo Sodano as the Cardinal Secretary of State. He assumed the office on 15 September. On 26 June 2006 Cardinal Bertone was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.

    It has been reported that on the following 31 August Cardinal Bertone had a dream in which Pope John Paul II spoke to him saying "do not be afraid" as he prepared to take his new position.

    On 4 April 2007, Benedict XVI appointed Cardinal Bertone as Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church (or Chamberlain). The duties of the Camerlengo are largely confined to administration during the vacancy of the Holy See. On 10 May 2008 he was promoted to the rank of Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati.

    After he was named Archbishop of Vercelli he "locked himself in his room all night and studied the life of Saint Eusebius, who was bishop of the city back in 345 AD".

    When Pope Benedict XVI resigned on 28 February 2013, Cardinal Bertone as Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church was the acting head of state for Vatican City and administrator for the Holy See during the sede vacante. He was the second most senior cardinal-elector in order of precedence among the cardinal-electors who participated in the 2013 conclave that elected Pope Francis, after the presiding cardinal Giovanni Battista Re. Cardinal Bertone himself was seen as a contender to succeed to the papacy, although his chances as a papabile were thought diminished by the perception that he was a "potential scandal in the making". At Pope Francis'' inauguration, Cardinal Bertone was one of the six cardinals who made the public act of obedience on behalf of the College of Cardinals.

    Coat of arms of cardinal Bertone as camerlengo.

    He is a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Congregation for the Clergy, Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Congregation for Bishops and Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. He can hold these memberships until his 80th birthday on 2 December 2014.

    Evaluation of dicasteries

    Two weeks before entering office, asked about reforms of the Roman Curia, Bertone remarked, "After almost two decades, an evaluation of how the dicasteries are organised is more than comprehensible, in order to reflect on how to make the existing structures more efficient for the mission of the Church and eventually to consider whether all of them should be maintained".

    Church and sports

    Cardinal Bertone suggested in December 2006 that the Holy See "could, in future, field a team that plays at the top level, with Roma, Internazionale, Genoa and Sampdoria." He continued: "If we just take the Brazilian students from our Pontifical universities we could have a magnificent squad". Hours later he said "I''ve got much more to do than cultivating a football squad for the Vatican" and explained that his earlier remark was not intended to be taken seriously.

    Defence of Pius XII

    On 5 June 2007, at a conference announcing the release of a new biography of Pope Pius XII, Bertone defended Pius against claims of indifference toward the Jews during the Holocaust. The Cardinal condemned this accusation as a "black legend" and "an attack on good sense and on rationality", which has "become so firmly established that even to scratch it is an arduous task". Although he admitted that Pius XII had been "cautious" in condemning Nazi Germany, Bertone stated that Nazi forces would have intensified its program of genocide had the Pope been more outspoken.

    Pope Benedict XVI Islam controversy See also: Pope Benedict XVI Islam controversy

    On 16 September 2006, Cardinal Bertone, after one day as Cardinal Secretary of State, released a declaration explaining that the "position of the Pope concerning Islam is unequivocally that expressed by the conciliar document Nostra Aetate" and that "the Pope''s option in favour of inter-religious and inter-cultural dialogue is equally unequivocal." He said:

    As for the opinion of the Byzantine emperor Manuel II Paleologus which he quoted during his Regensburg talk, the Holy Father did not mean, nor does he mean, to make that opinion his own in any way. He simply used it as a means to undertake—in an academic context, and as is evident from a complete and attentive reading of the text—certain reflections on the theme of the relationship between religion and violence in general, and to conclude with a clear and radical rejection of the religious motivation for violence, from whatever side it may come. sincerely regrets that certain passages of his address could have sounded offensive to the sensitivities of the Muslim faithful and should have been interpreted in a manner that in no way corresponds to his intentions.

    Comments by Patriarch Alexius II

    On 5 December 2006, Patriarch Alexius II accused the Holy See of an "extremely unfriendly policy" when he said that the Catholic Church was poaching converts in Orthodox lands in Russia and other ex-Soviet republics. Cardinal Bertone said in response: "We do not want to engage in proselytism in Russia".


    In 2007, Bertone "blasted the media for highlighting the Vatican''s views on sex while maintaining a ''deafening silence'' about charity work done by thousands of Catholic organisations around the world." He continued: "I see a fixation by some journalists on moral topics, such as abortion and homosexual unions, which are certainly important issues but absolutely do not constitute the thinking and work of the Church."

    Proposed excommunication of drug dealers

    On 14 January 2009, Cardinal Bertone suggested that the Church would consider taking much stronger action against drug dealers. This action might possibly include excommunication. He made a statement about the Church''s alarm at the "disaster" of drug-fuelled violence on the eve of a trip to Mexico.

    Support for universal and free access to anti-AIDS drugs

    On Friday 22 June 2012, in an online news story article by Cindy Wooden of Catholic News Service (CNS), it was reported that, in a conference in Rome on the prevention of the transmission of AIDS from mothers to children sponsored by the lay Community of Sant''Egidio (which runs the DREAM project, a free AIDS prevention/treatment program in 10 African countries), the Cardinal Secretary of State urged that full and easy access to antiretroviral drugs be made free worldwide (these are drugs, such as AZT, that can treat, and in some cases, can prevent people from getting, AIDS; they do not presently cure AIDS once it has infected someone). Cardinal Bertone acknowledged that the only way this would be remotely feasible, especially in Africa- where the efforts would be most needed and focused- would be through a collaborative effort involving aid groups, governments, donors, medical groups, pharmaceutical companies, and churches.

    Vatican leaks

    Tags:1934, Africa, African, Byzantine, Cardinal, Christian, Community, French, German, Germany, Governance, Greek, Hebrew, Holocaust, Holy See, Islam, Italian, Italy, Media, Mexico, Moon, Muslim, NBC, Nazi, Nazi Germany, Polish, Pope Francis, Portuguese, Roman, Rome, Russia, Soviet, Sun, Tarcisio Bertone, Vatican, Wikipedia, Zambia

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