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    * Taipei *

    تایپِی


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Taipei "Capital of Taiwan" redirects here. For the capital of Taiwan Province, see Chung Hsing New Village. This article is about the capital city. For other uses, see Taipei (disambiguation). Taipei 臺北市 Country Region Settled City seat District-divisions Government  • Type  • Mayor Area  • Special municipality  • Water Population (June 2014)  • Special municipality  • Urban  • Metro   Time zone Postal code Area code(s) Districts Bird Flower Tree Website
    Special municipality
    Clockwise from top: Taipei skyline, Grand Hotel, Far Eastern Plaza, National Palace Museum, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Jiantan Station
    Flag Seal
    Nickname(s): The City of Azaleas
    Satellite image of Taipei City
    Coordinates: 25°02′N 121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633Coordinates: 25°02′N 121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633
     Taiwan
    Northern Taiwan
    1709
    Xinyi District
    12 districts
    Taipei City Government
    Hau Lung-pin (KMT)
    271.7997 km2 (104.9425 sq mi)
    2.7 km2 (1.0 sq mi)  1.0%
    2,693,672 (Ranked 4 of 22)
    8,357,000 (March ''13)
    6,950,646
    (Metropolitan area)
    National Standard Time (UTC+8)
    100–116
    (0)2
    12
    Formosan Blue Magpie (Urocissa caerulea)
    Azalea (Rhododendron nudiflorum)
    Banyan (India laurel fig, Ficus microcarpa)
    taipei.gov.tw (English)
    The metropolitan area (or tri-cities) of Taipei includes Taipei, New Taipei, and Keelung.
    Chinese name Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Literal meaning Japanese name Kanji Kana
    Taipei City
    臺北市 or 台北市
    台北市
    Northern Taiwan City
    Transcriptions Hakka Romanization Mandarin Hanyu Pinyin Tongyong Pinyin Wade–Giles Gwoyeu Romatzyh MPS2 Bopomofo Min Hokkien POJ Taiwanese Romanization Min-dong BUC Wu Romanization Cantonese Jyutping
    Thòi-pet Sṳ
    Táiběi Shì
    Táiběi Shìh
    T''ai²-pei³ Shih⁴
    Tairbeei Shyh
    Táiběi Shr̀
    ㄊㄞˊ ㄅㄟˇ ㄕˋ
    Tâi-pak Chhī
    Tâi-pak Tshī
    Dài-báe̤k
    de平 poh入 zy上
    toi⁴ bak¹ si5
    臺北市
    たいほくし
    Transcriptions Romanization
    Taihoku shi
    This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.

    Taipei (/ˌtaɪˈpeɪ/), officially known as Taipei City (Chinese: 臺北市 or 台北市; pinyin: Táiběi Shì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-pak Chhī), is the capital of Taiwan (officially the Republic of China). Situated at the northern tip of Taiwan, Taipei is located on the Tamsui River; it is about 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Keelung, a port city on the Pacific Ocean. It lies in the Taipei Basin, an ancient lakebed bounded by the two relatively narrow valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city''s western border. The city proper is home to an estimated 2,693,672 people. Taipei, New Taipei, and Keelung together form the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan area with a population of 6,900,273, the 40th most-populous urban area in the world. They are administered under three municipal governing bodies. "Taipei" sometimes refers to the whole metropolitan area, while "Taipei City" refers to the city proper. Taipei City proper is surrounded on all sides by another city called New Taipei.

    Taipei is the political, economic, and cultural center of Taiwan. Considered to be a global city, Taipei is part of a major industrial area. Railways, high-speed rail, highways, airports, and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. The city is served by two airports – Taipei Songshan and Taiwan Taoyuan.

    Contents

    History Main article: History of TaipeiOld street in Taipei. 2013

    Taipei was founded in the early 18th century under the Qing Dynasty rule and became an important center for overseas trade in the 19th century. The Qing Dynasty made Taipei the provincial capital of Taiwan in 1886 when Taiwan was separated from Fujian Province to be its own province of the dynasty.

    Japan acquired Taiwan in 1895 from Qing Dynasty under the Treaty of Shimonoseki after the First Sino-Japanese War. Taiwan became a colony of Imperial Japan with Taipei as its capital, in which Taipei was administered under the Taihoku Prefecture. Taiwan''s Japanese rulers embarked on an extensive program of advanced urban planning that featured extensive railroad links. A number of Taipei landmarks and cultural institutions date from this period.

    The Republic of China (ROC) took over Taiwan in 1945 following Japanese surrender. After losing Mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War, the ruling Kuomintang (KMT) relocated the ROC government to Taiwan and declared Taipei the provisional capital of the ROC in December 1949. In 1990 Taipei provided the backdrop for the Wild Lily student rallies that moved Taiwanese society from one-party rule to multi-party democracy. The city is today home to Taiwan''s democratically elected national government.

    First settlements

    The region known as the Taipei Basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the eighteenth century. Han Chinese mainly from Fujian Province of Qing Dynasty began to settle in the Taipei Basin in 1709. In the late 19th century, the Taipei area, where the major Han Chinese settlements in northern Taiwan and one of the designated overseas trade ports, Tamsui, were located, gained economic importance due to the booming overseas trade, especially that of tea exportation. In 1875, the northern part of Taiwan was separated from Taiwan Prefecture (Chinese: 臺灣府) and incorporated into the new Taipei Prefecture as a new administrative entity of the Qing Dynasty. Having been established adjoining the flourishing townships of Bangka, Dalongdong, and Twatutia, the new prefectural capital was known as Chengnei (Chinese: 城內), "the inner city", and government buildings were erected there. From 1875 (during the Qing Dynasty) until the beginning of Japanese rule in 1895, Taipei was part of Tamsui County of the Taipei Prefecture and the prefectural capital. In 1886, when Taiwan was proclaimed a province of Qing Dynasty, Taipei city was made the provincial capital. Taipei remained a temporary provincial capital before it officially became the capital of Taiwan in 1894. All that remains from the old Qing Dynasty city is the north gate. The west gate and city walls were demolished by the Japanese while the south gate, little south gate, and east gate were extensively modified by the Kuomintang (KMT) and have lost much of their original character.

    Japanese ruleTaihoku Prefecture government building.

    As settlement for losing the First Sino-Japanese War, China ceded the island of Taiwan to the Empire of Japan in 1895 as part of the Treaty of Shimonoseki. After the Japanese take-over, Taipei, called Taihoku in Japanese, was retained as the capital and emerged as the political center of the Japanese Colonial Government. During that time the city acquired the characteristics of an administrative center, including many new public buildings and housing for civil servants. Much of the architecture of Taipei dates from the period of Japanese rule, including the Presidential Building which was the Office of the Taiwan Governor-General (Japanese: 台湾総督府〔臺灣總督府〕).

    During Japanese rule, Taihoku was incorporated in 1920 as part of Taihoku Prefecture (Japanese: 台北州〔臺北州〕). It included Bangka (艋舺), Twatutia (大稻埕), and Jōnai (城內) among other small settlements. The eastern village Matsuyama (松山庄) was annexed into Taihoku City in 1938. Upon the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War and its consequent surrender in August 1945, the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) assumed control of Taiwan. Subsequently, a temporary Office of the Taiwan Province Administrative Governor was established in Taipei City.

    Martial law and modern democracyWith President Chiang Kai-shek, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower waved to a crowd during his visit to Taipei in June 1960.

    In 1947 the KMT government under Chiang Kai-shek declared island-wide martial law in Taiwan as a result of the 2-28 Incident, which began with incidents in Taipei but led to an island-wide crackdown on the local population by forces loyal to Chiang. Two years later, on December 7, 1949, Chiang and the Kuomintang were forced to flee mainland China by the Communists at the Chinese Civil War. The refugees declared Taipei to be the provisional capital of a continuing Republic of China, with the official capital at Nanjing (Nanking) even though that city was under Communist control.

    Taipei expanded greatly in the decades after 1949, and as approved on December 30, 1966 by the Executive Yuan, Taipei was declared a special centrally administered municipality on July 1, 1967 and given the administrative status of a province. In the following year, Taipei City expanded again by annexing Shilin, Beitou, Neihu, Nangang, Jingmei, and Muzha. At that time, the city''s total area increased fourfold through absorbing several outlying towns and villages and the population increased to 1.56 million people.

    The city''s population, which had reached one million in the early 1960s, also expanded rapidly after 1967, exceeding two million by the mid-1970s. Although growth within the city itself gradually slowed thereafter — its population had become relatively stable by the mid-1990s — Taipei remained one of the world''s most densely populated urban areas, and the population continued to increase in the region surrounding the city, notably along the corridor between Taipei and Keelung.

    In 1990 Taipei''s 16 districts were consolidated into the current 12 districts. Mass democracy rallies that year in the plaza around Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall led to an island-wide transition to multi-party democracy, where legislators are chosen via regularly scheduled popular elections, during the presidency of Lee Teng-Hui.

    GeographyThe city of Taipei, as seen from Maokong.Tracks of all Pacific typhoons between 1980 and 2005.

    Taipei City is located in the Taipei Basin in northern Taiwan. It is bordered by the Xindian River on the south and the Tamsui River on the west. The generally low-lying terrain of the central areas on the western side of the municipality slopes upward to the south and east and especially to the north, where it reaches 1,120 metres (3,675 ft) at Cising Mountain, the highest (inactive) volcano in Taiwan in Yangmingshan National Park. The northern districts of Shilin and Beitou extend north of the Keelung River and are bordered by Yangmingshan National Park. The Taipei city limits cover an area ranked sixteenth of twenty-five among all counties and cities in Taiwan.

    Two peaks, Cising Mountain and Mt. Datun, rise to the northeast of the city. Cising Mountain is located on the Tatun Volcano Group and the tallest mountain at the rim of the Taipei Basin, with its main peak at 1,120 metres (3,670 ft). Mt. Datun''s main peak is 1,092 metres (3,583 ft). These former volcanoes make up the western section of Yangmingshan National Park, extending from Mt. Datun northward to Mt. Caigongkeng (菜公坑山). Located on a broad saddle between two mountains, the area also contains the marshy Datun Pond.

    To the southeast of the city lie the Songshan Hills and the Qingshui Ravine, which form a barrier of lush woods.

    Climate

    Taipei has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa). Summers are long, hot and humid, accompanied by occasional heavy rainstorms and typhoons, while winters are short, generally warm and generally very foggy due to the northeasterly winds from the vast Siberian High being intensified by the pooling of this cooler air in the Taipei Basin. As of the rest of Northern Taiwan, daytime temperatures of Taipei can often peek above 26 degrees Celsius during a warm winter day, while it can dip below 26 degrees Celsius during a rainy summer''s afternoon. Occasional cold fronts during the winter months can drop the daily temperature by 3 to 5 degrees Celsius, though temperatures rarely drop below 10 degrees Celsius. Extreme temperatures ranged from −0.2 °C (31.6 °F) on February 13, 1901 to 39.3 °C (102.7 °F) on August 8, 2013, while snow has never been recorded in the city besides on mountains located within the city limit such as Mount Yangmingshan. Due to Taiwan''s location in the Pacific Ocean, it is affected by the Pacific typhoon season, which occurs between June and October.

    Climate data for Taipei (normals 1981–2010, extremes 1900–present) Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Rainfall mm (inches) Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)  % humidity Mean monthly sunshine hours
    31.9 (89.4) 31.4 (88.5) 35.0 (95) 36.2 (97.2) 37.7 (99.9) 37.8 (100) 38.6 (101.5) 39.3 (102.7) 37.1 (98.8) 36.1 (97) 34.3 (93.7) 31.5 (88.7) 39.3 (102.7)
    19.1 (66.4) 19.6 (67.3) 22.1 (71.8) 25.7 (78.3) 29.2 (84.6) 32 (90) 34.3 (93.7) 33.8 (92.8) 31.1 (88) 27.5 (81.5) 24.2 (75.6) 20.7 (69.3) 26.6 (79.9)
    16.1 (61) 16.5 (61.7) 18.5 (65.3) 21.9 (71.4) 25.2 (77.4) 27.7 (81.9) 29.6 (85.3) 29.2 (84.6) 27.4 (81.3) 24.5 (76.1) 21.5 (70.7) 17.9 (64.2) 23 (73.41)
    13.9 (57) 14.2 (57.6) 15.8 (60.4) 19 (66) 22.3 (72.1) 24.6 (76.3) 26.3 (79.3) 26.1 (79) 24.8 (76.6) 22.3 (72.1) 19.3 (66.7) 15.6 (60.1) 20.4 (68.7)
    −0.1 (31.8) −0.2 (31.6) 1.4 (34.5) 4.7 (40.5) 10.0 (50) 15.6 (60.1) 19.5 (67.1) 18.9 (66) 13.5 (56.3) 10.2 (50.4) 1.1 (34) 1.8 (35.2) −0.2 (31.6)
    83.2 (3.276) 170.3 (6.705) 180.4 (7.102) 177.8 (7) 234.5 (9.232) 325.9 (12.831) 245.1 (9.65) 322.1 (12.681) 360.5 (14.193) 148.9 (5.862) 83.1 (3.272) 73.3 (2.886) 2,405.1 (94.69)
    14.1 14.6 15.5 14.9 14.8 15.5 12.3 14 13.8 11.9 12.4 11.7 165.5
    78.5 80.6 79.5 77.8 76.6 77.3 73 74.1 75.8 75.3 75.4 75.4 76.6
    80.6 71.3 89.6 92.6 113.7 121.7 179 188.9 153.7 124 99.4 90.7 1,405.2
    Source: Central Weather Bureau

    Air quality

    Motor vehicle engine exhaust, particularly from motor scooters, is a source of air pollution in Taipei. The levels of fine particulate matter, including PAHs, are consistently more serious in the mornings as there is less air movement; sunlight helps clear up some pollutants, which tend to be trapped close to the ground. When compared to other Asian cities, however, Taipei has "excellent" capabilities for managing air quality in the city. Occasionally, dust storms from Mainland China can temporarily bring poor air quality to the city.

    CityscapeTaipei viewed from Tiger Mountain, with Taipei 101 on the left-central of the image.DemographicsCrowd in the Shilin Night Market

    Taipei City is home to 2,695,007 people, while the metropolitan area has a population of 7,028,583 people. The population of the city proper has been decreasing in recent years while the population of the adjacent New Taipei has been increasing. Due to Taipei''s geography and location in the Taipei Basin as well as differing times of economic development of its districts, Taipei''s population is not evenly distributed. The districts of Daan, Songshan, and Datong are the most densely populated.

    In 2008, the crude birth rate stood at 7.88% while the mortality rate stood at 5.94%. A decreasing and rapidly aging population is an important issue for the city. By the end of 2009, one in ten people in Taipei was over 65 years of age. Residents who had obtained a college education or higher accounted for 43.48% of the population, and the literacy rate stood at 99.18%.

    Like the rest of Taiwan, Taipei is composed of four major ethnic groups: Hoklos, Mainlanders, Hakkas, and aborigines. Although Hoklos and Mainlanders form the majority of the population of the city, in recent decades many Hakkas have moved into the city. The aboriginal population in the city stands at 12,862 (<0.5%), concentrated mostly in the suburban districts. Foreigners (mainly from Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines) numbered 52,426 at the end of 2008.

    EconomyBellavita Shopping Center and CPC Building at Xinyi Business AreaBird''s-eyes view of East District during rush hourSee also: Economy of Taiwan

    As the center of Taiwan''s largest conurbation, Taipei has been at the center of rapid economic development in the country and has now become one of the global cities in the production of high technology and its components. This is part of the so-called Taiwan Miracle which has seen dramatic growth in the city following foreign direct investment in the 1960s. Taiwan is now a creditor economy, holding one of the world''s largest foreign exchange reserves of over US$403 billion as of December 2012.

    Despite the Asian financial crisis, the economy continues to expand at about 5% per year, with virtually full employment and low inflation. As of 2007, the nominal GDP of the core city of Taipei has accrued to nearly US$160 billion, while the metro region of Taipei has a GDP (nominal) of around US$260 billion, a record that would rank it 13th among world cities by GDP. The GDP per capita of Taipei is US$48,400, and the second highest in Asia behind Tokyo, which has a GDP per capita of US$65,453.

    Taipei and its environs have long been the foremost industrial area of Taiwan, consisting of industries of the secondary and tertiary sectors. Most of the country''s important factories producing textiles and apparel are located there; other industries include the manufacture of electronic products and components, electrical machinery and equipment, printed materials, precision equipment, and foods and beverages. Such companies include Shihlin Electric, CipherLab and Insyde Software. Shipbuilding, including yachts and other pleasure craft, is done in the port of Keelung northeast of the city.

    Services, including those related to commerce, transportation, and banking, have become increasingly important. Tourism is a small but significant component of the local economy with international visitors totaling almost 3 million in 2008. Taipei has many top tourist attractions and contributes a significant amount to the US$6.8 billion tourism industry in Taiwan. National brands such as ASUS, Chunghwa Telecom, Mandarin Airlines, Tatung, and Uni Air, D-Link are headquartered in Taipei City.

    CultureThe National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial HallTourism See also: List of tourist attractions in Taipei and List of museums in Taipei

    Tourism is a major part of Taipei''s economy. In 2013, over 6.3 million overseas visitors visited Taipei, making the city the 15th most visited globally. The influx of visitors contributed $10.8 billion USD to the city''s economy in 2013, the 9th highest in the world and the most of any city in Greater China.

    Commemorative sites and museums See also: National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall and List of museums in TaipeiThe National Palace Museum

    The National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall is a famous monument, landmark and tourist attraction that was erected in memory of General Chiang Kai-shek, former President of the Republic of China. The structure stands at the east end of Memorial Hall Square, site of the National Concert Hall and National Theater and their adjacent parks as well as the memorial. The landmarks of Liberty Square stand within sight of Taiwan''s Presidential Building in Taipei''s Zhongzheng District.

    The National Taiwan Museum sits nearby in what is now 228 Peace Memorial Park and has worn its present name since 1999. The museum is Taiwan''s oldest, founded on October 24, 1908 by Taiwan''s Japanese colonial government (1895-1945) as the Taiwan Governor''s Museum. It was launched with a collection of 10,000 items to celebrate the opening of the island''s North-South Railway. In 1915 a new museum building opened its doors in what is now 228 Peace Memorial Park. This structure and the adjacent Governor''s residence (now Presidential Office Building, served as the two most recognizable public buildings in Taiwan during its period of Japanese rule.

    Shung Ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines

    The National Palace Museum is a vast art gallery and museum built around a permanent collection centered on ancient Chinese artifacts. It should not be confused with the Palace Museum in Beijing (which it is named after); both institutions trace their origins to the same institution. The collections were divided in the 1940s as a result of the Chinese Civil War. The National Palace Museum in Taipei now boasts a truly international collection while housing one of the world''s largest collections of artifacts from ancient China.

    The strikingly designed Shung Ye Museum of Formosan Aborigines stands just 200 metres across the road from the National Palace Museum. The museum offers magnificent displays of art and historical items by Taiwanese aborigines along with a range of multimedia displays.

    The Taipei Fine Arts Museum was established in 1983 as the first museum in Taiwan dedicated to modern art. The museum is housed in a building designed for the purpose that takes inspiration from Japanese designs. Most art in the collection is by Taiwanese artists since 1940. Over 3,000 art works are organized into 13 groups.

    The National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall near Taipei 101 in Xinyi District is named in honor of a founding father of the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen. The hall, completed on May 16, 1972. originally featured exhibits that depicted revolutionary events in China at the end of the Qing Dynasty. Today it functions as multi-purpose social, educational, concert and cultural center for Taiwan''s citizens.

    In 2001 a new museum opened as MoCA Taipei or Museum of Contemporary Art Taipei (臺北當代藝術館). The museum is housed in a building that formerly housed Taipei City government offices.

    Night view of a fully lit Taipei 101Taipei 101

    Taipei 101 is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper that claimed the title of world''s tallest building when it opened in 2004, a title it held for six years before relinquishing it to the Burj Kalifa in Dubai. Designed by C.Y. Lee & Partners and constructed by KTRT Joint Venture, Taipei 101 measures 509 m (1,670 ft) from ground to top, making it the first skyscraper in the world to break the half-kilometer mark in height. Built to withstand typhoon winds and earthquake tremors, its design incorporates many engineering innovations and has won numerous international awards. Taipei 101 remains one of the tallest skyscrapers in the world and holds LEED''s certification as the world''s largest "green" building. Its shopping mall and its indoor and outdoor observatories draw visitors from all over the world. Taipei 101''s New Year''s Eve fireworks display is a regular feature of international broadcasts.

    Performing artsTaiwan''s National Concert Hall at night

    The National Theater and Concert Hall stand at Taipei''s Liberty Square and host events by foreign and domestic performers. Other leading concert venues include Zhongshan Hall at Ximen and the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall near Taipei 101.

    A new venue, the Taipei Performing Arts Center, is under construction and slated to open in 2015. The venue will stand near the Shilin Night Market and will house three theaters for events with multi-week runs. The architectural design, by Rem Koolhaas and OMA, was determined in 2009 in an international competition. The same design process is also in place for a new Taipei Center for Popular Music and Taipei City Museum.

    Shopping and recreation Main article: Shopping in Taipei

    Taipei is known for its many night markets, the most famous of which is the Shilin Night Market in the Shilin District. The surrounding streets by Shilin Night Market are extremely crowded during the evening, usually opening late afternoon and operating well past midnight. Most night markets feature individual stalls selling a mixture of food, clothing, and consumer goods.

    The busy streets of Ximending at night

    Ximending has been a famous area for shopping and entertainment since the 1930s. Historic structures include a concert hall, a historic cinema, and the Red House Theater. Modern structures house karaoke businesses, art film cinemas, wide-release movie cinemas, electronic stores, and a wide variety of restaurants and fashion clothing stores. The pedestrian area is especially popular with teens and has been called the "Harajuku" of Taipei.

    The newly developed Xinyi District is popular with tourists and locals alike for its many entertainment and shopping venues, as well as being the home of Taipei 101, a prime tourist attraction. Malls in the area include the sprawling Shin Kong Mitsukoshi complex, Taipei 101 mall, Eslite Bookstore''s flagship store (which includes a boutique mall), The Living Mall, ATT shopping mall, and the Vieshow Cinemas (formerly known as Warner Village). The Xinyi district also serves as the center of Taipei''s active nightlife, with several popular nightclubs concentrated in a relatively small area around the Neo19 and Taipei 101 buildings.

    The thriving shopping area around Taipei Main Station includes the Taipei Underground Market and the original Shin Kong Mitsukoshi department store at Shin Kong Life Tower. Other popular shopping destinations include the Zhongshan Metro Mall, Dihua Street, the Guang Hua Digital Plaza, and the Core Pacific City. The Miramar Entertainment Park is known for its large Ferris wheel and IMAX theater.

    Taipei maintains an extensive system of parks, green spaces, and nature preserves. Parks and forestry areas of note in and around the city include Yangmingshan National Park, Taipei Zoo and Da-an Forest Park. Yangmingshan National Park (located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the central city) is famous for its cherry blossoms, hot springs, and sulfur deposits. It is the home of famous writer Lin Yutang, the summer residence of Chiang Kai-shek, residences of foreign diplomats, the Chinese Culture University, the meeting place of the now defunct National Assembly of the Republic of China, and the Kuomintang Party Archives. The Taipei Zoo was founded in 1914 and covers an area of 165 hectares for animal sanctuary.

    Bitan is known for boating and water sports. Tamsui is a popular sea-side resort town. Ocean beaches are accessible in several directions from Taipei.

    TemplesBuilt in 1738, Longshan Temple is one of the oldest temples in the city.Street corner shrine, Taipei 2013

    Taipei is rich in beautiful, ornate temples housing Buddhist, Taoist, and Chinese folk religion deities. The Longshan Temple, built in 1738 and located in the Wanhua District, demonstrates an example of architecture with southern Chinese influences commonly seen on older buildings in Taiwan.

    Xinsheng South Road is known as the "Road to Heaven" due to its high concentration of temples, shrines, churches, and mosques. Other famous temples include Baoan Temple located in historic Dalongdong, a national historical site, and Xiahai City God Temple, located in the old Dadaocheng community, constructed with architecture similar to temples in southern Fujian. The Taipei Confucius Temple traces its history back to 1879 during the Qing Dynasty and also incorporates southern Fujian-style architecture.

    Besides large temples, small outdoor shrines to local deities are very common and can be spotted on road sides, parks, and neighborhoods. Many homes and businesses may also set up small shrines of candles, figurines, and offerings. Some restaurants, for example, may set up a small shrine to the Kitchen god for success in a restaurant business.

    New Year''s Eve fireworks at Taipei 101Lantern Festival at Liberty SquareFestivals and events

    Many yearly festivals are held in Taipei. In recent years some festivals, such as the Double Ten Day fireworks and concerts, are increasingly hosted on a rotating basis by a number of cities around Taiwan.

    When New Year''s Eve arrives on the solar calendar, thousands of people converge on Taipei''s Xinyi District for parades, outdoor concerts by popular artists, street shows, round-the clock nightlife. The high point is of course the countdown to midnight, when Taipei 101 assumes the role of the world''s largest fireworks platform.

    The Taipei Lantern Festival concludes the Lunar New Year holiday. The timing of the city''s lantern exhibit coincides with the national festival in Pingxi, when thousands of fire lanterns are released into the sky. The city''s lantern exhibit rotates among different downtown locales from year to year, including Liberty Square, Taipei 101, and Zhongshan Hall in Ximending.

    On Double Ten Day, patriotic celebrations are held in front of the Presidential Building. Other annual festivals include Ancestors Day (Tomb-Sweeping Day), the Dragon Boat Festival, the Ghost Festival, and the Mid-Autumn Festival (Moon Festival).

    Taipei regularly hosts its share of international events. The city recently hosted the 2009 Summer Deaflympics. This event was followed by the Taipei International Flora Exposition, a garden festival hosted from November 2010 to April 2011. The Floral Expo was the first of its kind to take place in Taiwan and only the seventh hosted in Asia; the expo admitted 110,000 visitors on February 27, 2011.

    Taipei in films

    Note: The list below is not a complete list, they are examples of more notable movies filmed in the city.

    Romanization See also: Romanization of Chinese in the Republic of China

    The spelling "Taipei" derives from the Wade-Giles romanization T''ai-pei. The name could be also romanized as Táiběi according to Hanyu Pinyin and Tongyong Pinyin.

    Government Main articles: Taipei City Government and Taipei City Council See also: Mayor of Taipei City and Republic of China municipal elections, 2010Taipei City HallTaipei City Council

    Taipei City is a special municipality which is directly under the Executive Yuan (Central Government) of ROC. The mayor of Taipei City had been an appointed position since Taipei''s conversion to a centrally administered municipality in 1967 until the first public election was held in 1994. The position has a four-year term and is elected by direct popular vote. The first elected mayor was Chen Shui-bian of the Democratic Progressive Party. Ma Ying-jeou took office in 1998 for two terms, before handing it over to Hau Lung-pin who won the 2006 mayoral election on December 9, 2006. Both Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-Jeou went on to become President of the Republic of China.

    Based on the outcomes of previous elections in the past decade, the vote of the overall constituency of Taipei City shows a slight inclination towards the pro-KMT camp (the Pan-Blue Coalition); however, the pro-DPP camp (the Pan-Green Coalition) also has considerable support.

    Ketagalan Boulevard, where the Presidential Office Building and other government structures are situated, is often the site of mass gatherings such as inauguration and national holiday parades, receptions for visiting dignitaries, political demonstrations, and public festivals.

    Garbage recycling

    Taipei City is also famous for its effort in garbage recycling, which has become such a good international precedent that other countries have sent teams to study the recycling system. After the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) established a program in 1998 combining the efforts of communities, a financial resource named the Recycling Fund was made available to recycling companies and waste collectors. Manufacturers, vendors and importers of recyclable waste pay fees to the Fund, which uses the money to set firm prices for recyclables and subsidize local recycling efforts. Between 1998 and 2008, the recycling rate increased from 6 percent to 32 percent. This improvement enabled the government of Taipei to demonstrate its recycling system to the world at the Shanghai World Expo 2010.

    Administrative divisions

    Taipei City is divided up into 12 administrative districts (區 qu). Each district is further divided up into villages (里), which are further sub-divided up into neighborhoods (鄰).

    Map District Population (Jun. 2014) Area (km²) Postal code Name Chinese Pinyin Wade–Giles Pe̍h-ōe-jī
    ■ Beitou District 北投區 Běitóu Pei-t''ou Pak-tâu 256,382 56.8216 112
    ■ Da''an District 大安區 Dà''ān Ta-an Tāi-an 313,795 11.3614 106
    ■ Datong District 大同區 Dàtóng Ta-t''ung Tāi-tông 130,447 5.6815 103
    ■ Nangang District 南港區 Nángǎng Nan-kang Lâm-káng 120,238 21.8424 115
    ■ Neihu District 內湖區 Nèihú Nei-hu Lāi-ô͘ 284,186 31.5787 114
    ■ Shilin District 士林區 Shìlín Shih-lin Sū-lîm 290,186 62.3682 111
    ■ Songshan District 松山區 Sōngshān Sung-shan Siông-san 210,600 9.2878 105
    ■ Wanhua District 萬華區 Wànhuá Wan-hua Báng-kah 193,461 8.8522 108
    ■ Wenshan District 文山區 Wénshān Wen-shan Bûn-san 272,459 31.5090 116
    ■ Xinyi District 信義區 Xìnyì Hsin-yi Sìn-gī 228,763 11.2077 110
    ■ Zhongshan District 中山區 Zhōngshān Chung-shan Tiong-san 229,351 13.6821 104
    ■ Zhongzheng District 中正區 Zhōngzhèng Chung-cheng Tiong-chèng 163,744 7.6071 100
    City planning

    The city is characterized by straight roads and public buildings of grand Western architectural styles. The city is built on a square grid configuration, however these blocks are huge by international standards (500 m (1,640.42 ft) sides). However there is little uniformed planning within these blocks; therefore lanes (perpendicular to streets) and alleys (parallel with street, or conceptually, perpendicular to the lane) spill out from the main throughways. These minor roads are not always perpendicular and sometimes cut through the block diagonally.

    Although development began in the western districts of the city from trade, the eastern districts of the city have become the downtown. Many of the western districts, already in decline, have become targets of new urban renewal projects.

    TransportationPlatform of Wende Station on the Taipei Metro system.

    Public transport accounts for a substantial portion of different modes of transport in Taiwan, with Taipei residents having the highest utilization rate at 34.1%. Private transport consists of motor scooters, private cars, and bicycles. Motor-scooters often weave between cars and occasionally through oncoming traffic. Respect for traffic laws, once scant, has improved with deployment of traffic cameras and increasing numbers of police roadblocks checking riders for alcohol consumption and other offenses.

    Taipei Station serves as the comprehensive hub for the subway, bus, conventional rail, and high-speed rail. A contactless smartcard, known as EasyCard, can be used for all modes of public transit as well as several retail outlets. It contains credits that are deducted each time a ride is taken. The EasyCard is read via proximity sensory panels on buses and in MRT stations, and it does not need to be removed from one''s wallet or purse.

    Metro Main article: Taipei Metro

    Taipei''s public transport system, the Taipei Metro (commonly referred to as the MRT), incorporates a metro and light rail system based on advanced VAL and Bombardier technology. In addition to the rapid transit system itself, the Taipei Metro also includes several public facilities such as the Maokong Gondola, underground shopping malls, parks, and public squares. Modifications to existing railway lines to integrate them into the metro system are underway, as well as a rapid transit line to connect the city with Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and Taoyuan County.

    Taipei Railway Station frontRail Main articles: Taiwan High Speed Rail and Taiwan Railway Administration

    Beginning in 1983, surface rail lines in the city were moved underground as part of the Taipei Railway Underground Project. The Taiwan High Speed Rail system opened in 2007. The bullet trains connect Taipei with the west coast cities of Banciao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, and Tainan before terminating at Zuoying (Kaohsiung) at speeds that cut travel times by 60% or more from what they normally are on a bus or conventional train. The Taiwan Railway Administration also runs passenger and freight services throughout the entire island.

    Bus Main article: Taipei Joint Bus System

    An extensive city bus system serves metropolitan areas not covered by the metro, with exclusive bus lanes to facilitate transportation. Riders of the city metro system are able to use the EasyCard for discounted fares on buses, and vice versa. Several major intercity bus terminals are located throughout the city, including the Taipei Bus Station and Taipei City Hall Bus Station.

    Taipei Songshan AirportAirports Main articles: Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and Taipei Songshan Airport

    Most scheduled international flights are served by Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in nearby Taoyuan County. Songshan Airport at the heart of the city in the Songshan District serves domestic flights and scheduled flights to Tokyo International Airport (also known as Haneda Airport), Gimpo International Airport in Seoul, and about 15 destinations in the People''s Republic of China. Songshan Airport is accessible by the Taipei Metro Neihu Line; Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport is not yet accessible by rail but a line is under construction.

    EducationWest Site of National Taiwan University Hospital

    19 universities have campuses located in Taipei:

    • National Taiwan University (1928)
    • National Chengchi University (1927)
    • National Taipei University (1949)
    • National Taipei University of Education (1895)
    • National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (1974)
    • National Taipei University of Technology (1912)
    • National Taiwan Normal University (1946)
    • National Yang Ming University (1975)
    • Taipei National University of the Arts (1982)
    • University of Taipei (2013)
    • Tamkang University (1950)
    • Soochow University (1900)
    • Chinese Culture University (1962)
    • Ming Chuan University (1957)
    • Shih Hsin University (1956)
    • Shih Chien University (1958)
    • Taipei Medical University (1960)
    • Tatung University (1956)
    • China University of Technology (1965)

    National Taiwan University (NTU) was established in 1928 during the period of Japanese colonial rule. NTU has produced many political and social leaders in Taiwan. Both pan-blue and pan-green movements in Taiwan are rooted on the NTU campus. The university has six campuses in the greater Taipei region (including New Taipei) and two additional campuses in Nantou County. The University governs farms, forests, and hospitals for educational and research purposes. The main campus is in Taipei''s Da-An district, where most department buildings and all the administrative buildings are located. The College of Law and the College of Medicine are located near the Presidential Building. The National Taiwan University Hospital is a leading international center of medical research.

    National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU or Shida) likewise traces its origins to the Japanese colonial period. Originally a teacher training institution, NTNU has developed into a comprehensive international university with demanding entrance requirements. The university boasts especially strong programs in the humanities and international education. Worldwide it is perhaps best known as home of the Mandarin Training Center, a program that offers Mandarin language training each year to over a thousand students from dozens of countries throughout the world. The main campus in Taipei''s Da-An district, near MRT Guting Station, is known for its historic architecture and giving its name to the Shida Night Market, one of the most popular among the numerous night markets in Taipei.

    Chinese language program for foreigners SportsTaipei ArenaTianmu Baseball Stadium

    Due to Taiwan being under American and Japanese influence over the years, the sports of baseball in particular and basketball have become popular in the city. Taipei, like the rest of the country, has featured most prominently in baseball and has often been the venue for the Asian Baseball Championship since the 1960s.

    Major sporting events

    Below is a list of recent sporting events hosted by the city:

    Taipei will also host the 2017 Summer Universiade

    The Taipei Arena is located at the site of the former Taipei Municipal Baseball Stadium (demolished in 2000), with a capacity of over 15,000. Designed by Archasia, the arena was opened on December 1, 2005. Since its opening in 2005, the arena has held more art and cultural activities (such as live concerts) than sporting events, which it was originally designed and built for. The main arena has an adjustable floor space: its minimum floor space is 60 m × 30 m (196.85 ft × 98.43 ft), and can be extended to 80 m × 40 m (262.47 ft × 131.23 ft). The Chinese Taipei Ice Hockey League (CIHL) plays out of the auxiliary arena, which is a 60 m × 30 m (196.85 ft × 98.43 ft) ice skating rink.

    The Tianmu Baseball Stadium is the major basebal venue in Taipei.

    Taipei has the only football-specific stadium in Taiwan, Zhongshan Soccer Stadium, which hosts the national football team. It hosts qualifiers for the FIFA World and AFC regional cups, and finals of school football tournaments. Since there are no professional football leagues in Taiwan, no other sporting events are held there, since 2009, the Taipei Stadium hosts the Soccer and Athletic events.

    Youth baseball

    In 2010, a Taipei baseball team — Chung-Ching Junior Little League — won the Junior League World Series, after winning the Asia-Pacific Region, then defeating the Mexico Region and Latin America Region champions to become the International champion, and finally defeating the U.S. champion (Southwest Region), Rose Capital East LL (Tyler, Texas), 9-1.

    MediaTVBS-G produces programs mainly from their Nangang building in Taipei City.

    As the capital, Taipei City is the headquarters for many television and radio stations in Taiwan and the center of some of the country''s largest newspapers.

    Television

    Television stations located in Taipei include the CTS Education and Culture, CTS Recreation, CTV MyLife, CTV News Channel, China Television, Chinese Television System, Chung T''ien Television, Dimo TV, Eastern Television, Era Television, FTV News, Follow Me TV, Formosa TV, Gala Television, Public Television Service, SET Metro, SET News, SET Taiwan, Sanlih E-Television, Shuang Xing, TTV Family, TTV Finance, TTV World, TVBS, TVBS-G, TVBS-NEWS, Taiwan Broadcasting System, Videoland Television Network and Taiwan Television.

    Newspapers

    Newspapers include Apple Daily, Central Daily News, The China Post, China Times, Kinmen Daily News, Liberty Times, Mandarin Daily News, Matsu Daily, Min Sheng Bao, Sharp Daily, Taipei Times, Taiwan Daily, Taiwan News, Taiwan Times and United Daily News.

    International relations

    Taipei is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21.

    Main article: List of sister cities of Taipei Twin towns and sister cities

    Taipei is twinned with:

    Partner city Friendship cities GalleryRelative location
    New Taipei City
    New Taipei City Keelung City
      Taipei City  
    New Taipei City

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