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    * Taherian *

    Taherid Dynasty

    طاهریان ، سلسله طاهریان

    The Taherian Dynasty was the first sovereign Iranian dynasty after the fall of the Sassanid Empire in 637 A.D. The Taherian, centered in northeastern Persia, ruled from 820 to 872 over the northeastern part of Greater Iran, in the region of Khorasan (parts that are presently in Iran (Persia), Kerman, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan). The dynasty was founded by Taher bin Hossein aka Zolyamineyn, a leading general in the service of the Abbasid caliph Harunorrashid and his son al-Mamun. Taher helped Mamun in his victory against his brother Amin; thus paving his way in his accession to the Abbasi throne.Another branch of Taherian Dynasty ruled over Yemen and parts of the Arabian Peninsula.The Taherian family was awarded governorship of eastern Khorasan for supporting the Abbasids. Their capital was initially located at Marv, but later moved to Neishapour. Although nominally subject to the Abbasid caliphate in Baghdad, the Taherian rulers were effectively independentIn 820/821, Taher bin Hayn was made governor of Khorasan, but died suspiciously soon after he omitted Caliph's name during Friday prayers. Caliph Mamun appointed Taher's son, Talha, whose governorship lasted from 822-828. Taher's other son, Abdollah, was instated as the Vali (governor) of Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula. Abdollah is considered one of the greatest of the Taherian rulers for the dynasty witnessed in his reign flourishing agriculture in his native land of Khorasan, popularity among the populations of the eastern lands of the Abbasid caliphate and extending influence due to his experience with the western parts of caliphate.During suppression of the Khawarej, the Taherian took control of Sistan and parts of Vararood. They established law and order in these areas.The dynasty began to deteriorate in the reign of Mohammad bin Taher due to his carelessness with the affairs of the state and lack of experience with politics. Mohammad spent a lot of time drinking and seeking pleasure rather than following the legacy of his predecessors. Due to their increasing weakness, the Taherians were overthrown by the Saffarian Dynasty, who annexed Khorasan to their own empire in eastern Persia, in 872/259 Hijri.Rulers of the Taherian dynasty: Taher bin Hossein (820-822) Talha (822-828) Abdollah bin Taher (828-845) Taher 2nd (845-862) Mohammad of Khorasan (862-872)

    Tags:Abbasi, Abbasid, Afghanistan, Baghdad, Dynasty, Egypt, Greater Iran, Hijri, Iran, Iranian, Kerman, Khawarej, Khorasan, Mamun, Marv, Neishapour, Persia, Saffarian, Saffarian Dynasty, Sassanid, Sistan, Taher, Taher bin Hossein, Taherian, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vararood, Yemen

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