) - Tadj
ol-Molouk (Redirected from Tadj ol-Molouk of Iran
|Queen consort of Iran |
|15 December 1925 – 16 September 1941 |
|24 April 1926 |
|Rezā Shāh |
|Princess Shams Emperor Mohammed Reza Princess Ashraf Prince Ali Reza I |
|English: Tadj ol-Molouk Persian: تاجالملوک |
|House of Pahlavi |
|Teymūr Khan Ayromlou |
|(1896-03-17)17 March 1896 Baku, Russian Empire |
|10 March 1982(1982-03-10) (aged 85) Acapulco, Mexico |
Tadj ol-Molouk of Iran (also spelled al-Molouk) (born Nimtaj Ayromlou; 17 March 1896 – 10 March 1982) was Queen of Iran as the wife of Reza Shah, founder of the Pahlavi dynasty and Shah of Iran between 1915 and 1941. The title she was given after becoming queen means "Crown of the King" in the Persian language. She was the daughter of Brigadier General Teymūr Khan Ayromlou. Her family were Ayrums; a sub-ethnic group of Azerbaijanis from the Caucasus who arrived in Iran in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Soon after arriving in Iran, some Ayrums became Iranian generals, notably her first cousin General Muhammad-Husayn Ayrom, but most others were to settle as nobility. A few Ayrum women, namely herself and Noushafarin Ayromlou (her mother-in-law), were to become royalty.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Titles
- 3 Honours
- 3.1 National honours
- 3.2 Foreign honours
- 4 References
Tadj ol-Molouk (Nimtaj Ayromlou) was the first Queen of Iran to have played a public role, and to have performed an official position out in public society. She played an important part in the abolition of the veil in Iran during the reign of her husband. In the winter of 1934, Reza Shah demanded the presence of the Queen and the two princesses in an official ceremony at the Tehran Teacher''s College. All three were present at this ceremony and were dressed in Western clothes, without a veil. This was the first time an Iranian queen showed herself in public. Afterwards, the Shah had pictures of his wife and daughters published; other men were ordered to unveil their wives and daughters. With this, the veil was abolished. Reza Shah was deposed in 1941.
Queen Nimtaj had four children: Shams Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, and his twin sister Ashraf, and Ali Reza Pahlavi I.
Before the 1979 revolution, Tadj ol-Molouk was sent by Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to the house of Shams Pahlavi in Beverly Hills. She arrived in Los Angeles on 30 December 1978 abroad an Imperial Iranian Air Force Boeing 747. Soon after her arrival, on 2 January 1979, Iranian students in the city attacked the house and attempted to burn it. Then she and her daughter took refuge at the Palm Springs estate of Walter Annenberg, former US ambassador to Great Britain.
She died in Acapulco (Mexico) on 10 March 1982 after a lengthy battle with leukemia seven days before her 86th birthday.
Styles of Queen Tadj ol-Molouk of Iran
|Her Majesty |
|Your Majesty |
- 1896–1918: Miss Nimtaj Ayromlou
- 1918–1925: Mrs Reza Khan
- 1925–1941: Her Majesty The Queen of Iran
- 1941–1982: Her Majesty The Queen Mother of Iran
Honours National honours
- Member 1st Class of the Order of Aryamehr (1939)
- Member 1st Class of the Order of the Pleiades (1957)
- Mohammad Rezā Shāh Pahlavi Coronation medal (26/10/1967)
- 25th Anniversary medal (1971)
- Persepolis Medal (1971)
- Decoration of Al Kemal in brilliants (Egypt, 1939)
Tags:1934, Ashraf, Ayrom, Baku, Beverly Hills, Boeing, Boeing 747, Britain, Caucasus, Egypt, Imperial Iranian Air Force, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Air Force, Islam, Khan, Los, Los Angeles, Mexico, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi, Persepolis, Persian, Pleiades, Reza Khan, Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, Russian, Shah, Shah of Iran, Tadj, Tadj ol-Molouk of Iran, Tehran, US, Wikipedia