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    * Tabriz Bazaar *

    بازار تبریز


    Tabriz_Bazaar_Brick_Roof.jpg
    Tabriz Bazaar of Bazaar-e-Tabriz is one of the oldest bazaars of the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world. It was registered as World Heritage Site with UNESCO in July 2010.The bazaar is used for some important religious ceremonies. The most famous one is Day of Ashura while merchants cease the trade for about 10 days and religious ceremonies are holding inside the bazaar. Like other bazaars in Middle East, there are several mosques constructed behind the bazaar, where the most notable of them is Jomeh Mosque.Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centers on the Silk Road. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions. Tabriz and its Bazaar were already prosperous and famous in the 13th century, when the town, in the province of Eastern Azerbaijan, became the capital city of the Safavid Empire. The city lost its status as capital in the 16th century, but remained important as a commercial hub until the end of the 18th century, with the expansion of Ottoman power. It is one of the most complete examples of the traditional commercial and cultural system of Iran.Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex, located along one of the most frequented east-west trade routes, consists of a series of interconnected, covered brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for a variety of functions - commercial and trade-related activities, social gatherings, and educational and religious practices. Closely interwoven with the architectural fabric is the social and professional organization of the Bazaar, which has allowed it to function over the centuries and has made it into a single integrated entity.Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex has been one of the most important international places for commercial and cultural interchange, thanks to the centuries-old east-west trading connections and routes and to a wise policy of endowments and tax exemptions.Tabriz Historic Bazaar bears witness to one of the most complete socio-cultural and commercial complexes among bazaars. It has developed over the centuries into an exceptional physical, economic, social, political, and religious complex, in which specialized architectural structures, functions, professions, and people from different cultures are integrated in a unique living environment. The lasting role of the Tabriz Bazaar is reflected in the layout of its fabric and in the highly diversified and reciprocally integrated architectural buildings and spaces, which have been a prototype for Persian urban planning.Criterion 2: Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex was one of the most important international trade and cultural centers in Asia and the world between the 12th and the 18th centuries, thanks to the centuries-old east-west trade routes. Tabriz Bazaar is an exceptional example of an architectural-urban commercial area, which is reflected in its highly varied and integrated architectural buildings and spaces. The bazaar is one of the most sustainable socio-economic structures, and its great complexity and articulation attests to the wealth in trade and cultural interaction of Tabriz.Criterion 3: Tabriz Historic Bazaar bears witness to one of the most complete socio-cultural and commercial complexes among bazaars. It is an exceptional physical, economic, social, political, and religious complex that bears an exception (Wikipedia) - Bazaar of Tabriz   (Redirected from Tabriz Bazaar)

    Coordinates: 38°04′50.78″N 46°17′32.23″E / 38.0807722°N 46.2922861°E / 38.0807722; 46.2922861

    UNESCO World Heritage Site Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex Type Criteria Reference UNESCO region Inscription history Inscription
    Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
    Cultural
    ii, iii, iv
    1346
    Asia and Australasia
    2010 (34th Session)
    An alley in Tabriz Bazaar devoted to carpet selling

    The Bazaar of Tabriz (Persian بازار تبریز, Bāzār-e Tabriz) is a historical market situated in the middle of Tabriz, Iran. It is one of the oldest bazaars in the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world. and is one of Iran''s UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

    Contents

    History

    Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity. Its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road. Located in the center of the city of Tabriz, Iran, the structure consists of several sub-bazaars, such as Amir Bazaar (for gold and jewelry), Mozzafarieh (a carpet bazaar), a shoe bazaar, and many other ones for various goods. The most prosperous time of Tabriz and its bazaar was in the 16th century when the town became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as a capital in the 17th century, but its bazaar has remained important as a commercial and economic center. Although numerous modern shops and malls have been established nowadays, Tabriz Bazaar has remained the economic heart of both the city and northwestern Iran.

    Tabriz Bazaar has also been a place of political significance, and one can point out its importance in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the last century and Islamic Revolution in the contemporary time.

    The bazaar was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2010.

    Ceremonies

    The bazaar is used for some important religious ceremonies. The most famous one is Day of Ashura during which merchants cease trading for about 10 days and religious ceremonies are held inside the bazaar. Like other bazaars in Middle East, there are several mosques constructed behind the bazaar, the most notable of them being Jome'' Mosque.

    Restoration

    In 2000, the Historical Hermitages Organization of Iran begin a restoration project of the Bazaar, with the full participation of the shop owners. The rehabilitation project won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 2013.

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