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    * Savona *

    ساونا


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    Port city NW Italy (Wikipedia) - Savona For other places with the same name, see Savona (disambiguation). For The infantry division, see 55 Infantry Division Savona. Savona Comune di Savona Country Region Province Frazioni Government  • Mayor Area  • Total Elevation Population (31 July 2008)  • Total  • Density Demonym Time zone  • Summer (DST) Postal code Dialing code Patron saint Saint day Website
    Comune
    Panorama of Savona
    Flag
    SavonaLocation of Savona in Italy
    Coordinates: 44°18′N 8°29′E / 44.300°N 8.483°E / 44.300; 8.483Coordinates: 44°18′N 8°29′E / 44.300°N 8.483°E / 44.300; 8.483
    Italy
    Liguria
    Savona (SV)
    Bosco delle Ninfe, Ciantagalletto, Ciatti, Cimavalle, ConcaVerde, Galleria Ranco, Madonna del Monte, Maschio, Montemoro, Naso di Gatto, San Bartolomeo al Bosco, San Bernardo in Valle, Santuario
    Federico Berruti (PD)
    65.55 km2 (25.31 sq mi)
    4 m (13 ft)
    62,104
    950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
    Savonesi
    CET (UTC+1)
    CEST (UTC+2)
    17100
    019
    Our Lady of Mercy
    18 March
    Official website
    Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mercy.

    Savona  listen (help·info) (Sann-a in the local dialect of Ligurian) is a seaport and comune in the northern Italian region of Liguria, capital of the Province of Savona, in the Riviera di Ponente on the Mediterranean Sea.

    Savona used to be one of the chief seats of the Italian iron industry, having iron-works and foundries, shipbuilding, railway workshops, engineering shops, and a brass foundry.

    One of the most celebrated former inhabitants of Savona was the navigator Christopher Columbus, who farmed land in the area while chronicling his journeys. ''Columbus''s house'', a cottage situated in the Savona hills, lay between vegetable crops and fruit trees. It is one of several residences in Liguria associated with Columbus.

    Contents

    History

    Inhabited in ancient times by Ligures tribes, it came under Roman influence in c. 180 BC, after the Punic wars in which the city had been allied to Carthage. At the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it passed under Lombard rule in 641 AD (being destroyed in the attack) after a short period as an Ostrogoth and then Byzantine possession. Later it recovered as county seat in the Carolingian Empire. In the tenth century its bishops were counts of Savona, but later the countship passed to the marquesses of Monferrato (981) and afterwards to the marquesses Del Vasto (1084).

    After a long struggle against the Saracens, Savona acquired independence in the 11th century, becoming a free municipality allied with the Emperor. Savona was the center of religious culture (13th to 16th centuries) due to the work of two important monasteries: Dominican and Franciscan. Subsequently it fought against Genoa before being definitively conquered in 1528. The Genoese destroyed the upper town and buried the port. It then shared the fortunes of the Republic of Genoa until Napoleonic times. Between April and mid-May 1800, Austrian forces besieged the city while a small British naval force maintained a blockade; the fortress surrendered on 15 May. Subsequently Savona was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont (1815). eventually, it became part of unified Italy.

    Main sightsPanorama of Savona and Priamar fortress Geography

    The town is situated 40 kilometres (25 miles) west of Genoa and circa 150 km (93 mi) (east) of Nice, in France, on the western Italian Riviera, between the Ligurian Sea and the Ligurian Alps.

    Climate

    Savona has a Mediterranean climate (Csa).

    The average yearly temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F) during the day and 12 °C (54 °F) at night. In the coldest months: January, February and December, the average temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) during the day and 5 °C (41 °F) at night. In the warmest month – July and August – the average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F) during the day and 20 °C (68 °F) at night. Generally, a typical summer season lasts about 4 to 6 months, from May/June to September/October. The daily temperature range is limited, with an average range of about 7 °C (45 °F) between high and low temperatures. Rain occurs mainly in autumn, the summers being generally dry. Sunshine hours total above 2,097 per year, from an average 4 hours of sunshine duration per day in winter to average 9 hours in summer. Savona usually sees snow once or twice per year.

    Climate data for Savona Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches)
    10.3 (50.5) 11.6 (52.9) 14.2 (57.6) 17.6 (63.7) 20.9 (69.6) 25 (77.0) 28 (82.4) 27.8 (82.0) 24.7 (76.5) 20.1 (68.2) 14.7 (58.5) 11.6 (52.9) 18.9 (66.0)
    4.6 (40.3) 5.2 (41.4) 7.6 (45.7) 10.5 (50.9) 13.8 (56.8) 17.3 (63.1) 20.1 (68.2) 20 (68.0) 17.6 (63.7) 13.5 (56.3) 8.6 (47.5) 5.8 (42.4) 12.1 (53.7)
    74 (2.9) 79 (3.1) 94 (3.7) 66 (2.6) 71 (2.8) 41 (1.6) 20 (.8) 48 (1.9) 71 (2.8) 107 (4.2) 97 (3.8) 61 (2.4) 828 (32.6)
    Source: Enea
    Notable people Events Twin towns and sister cities See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy

    Savona is twinned with:

    Tags:1934, Aria, Austrian, British, Byzantine, Cardinal, Carthage, Christian, Christmas, Cuba, France, French, Geography, Germany, Italian, Italy, Mediterranean, Mediterranean Sea, New York, Panorama, President, Prime Minister, Riviera, Roman, Rome, Savona, Ukraine, Website, Wikipedia, World War I


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