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    (Wikipedia) - Sardar For other uses, see Sardar (disambiguation).President Sardar Ayub Khan and First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy with the prized stallion "Sardar".Sardar-I-Azam, HRH Prince Abdol Majid Mirza c. 1920s.King Amānullāh Khān conferred the title Sardar-i-Ala to those of exceptional service to the Crown.A plaque commemorating H.H. Sardar Ranoji Shinde Bahadur, Prince of Gwalior. The title of Sardar is used by the Maratha nobility of Gwalior State and as such is used by the most senior Mahratta nobles.

    Sardar, a word of Indo-Iranian origin also spelled as Sirdar, Sardaar or Serdar, is a title of nobility (sir-, sar/sair- means "head or authority" and -dār means "holder" in Sanskrit Word roots: Sardar/Sirdar/Sardaar is a combination of ''Sar/Sir'' means head and ''dar/daar'' means tree, in general mean who is ready to hang him/her to a tree, no fear of excecution; for example and other rank in military is Sarbaz means Sar same as explained and Baz means ready to cut, means he is ready to lose his head and others like Sarhang, Sargord, Sarteep,Sarbedar,Sarlashkar,Sargrouban. and Avestan respectively) that was originally used to denote princes, noblemen, and other aristocrats. It has also been used to denote a chief or leader of a tribe or group. It is used synonymously with the title Amir.

    The term and its cognates originate from and have been historically used across Persia (now Iran), South Asia (Pakistan, India, and Nepal), Mesopotamia (now Iraq, Kurdistan, Turkey, Syria), the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Balkans and Egypt. It is frequently used as a personal name by both men and women throughout the Balkans, the Caucasus, Turkey, Central Asia, Iran, and Pakistan.

    The term was widely used by Maratha nobility, who held important positions in various Maratha States of the imperial Maratha Empire.

    After the decline of feudalism, Sardar later indicated a Head of State, a Commander-in-chief, and an Army military rank. As a military rank, a Sardar typically marked the Commander-in-Chief or the highest-ranking military officer in an Army, akin to the modern Field Marshal, General of the Army or Chief of Army. The more administrative title Sirdar-Bahadur denoted a Governor-General or Chief Minister of a remote province, akin to a British Viceroy.

    In Himalayan mountaineering, a Sirdar is a local leader of the Sherpas. Among other duties, he records the heights reached by the individual Sherpas, which factors into their compensation. Sardar is also colloquially used to refer to adult male followers of Sikhism, as a disproportionate number of Sikhs have honorably served in many high-ranking positions within the Indian Army.


    Princes Noblemen Aristocrats Head of State Military titleA Sikh sardar Modern usage

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