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  • Section: Dynasty /Tuesday 24th January 2012

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    * Saffarian Dynasty *

    Saffarid Kingdom

    سلسله صفاریان ، دودمان صفری


    Saffarian_Amro_Leis_Saffar_Silver_Coin.jpg
    The Saffarian Dynasty or the Saffarid Kingdom was Persians ruling in Sistan (861-1003), a historical region in southeastern Iran, southwestern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan. Their capital was Zaranj, located in present-day Afghanistan.The dynasty was founded by – and took its name from – Yaghub Leis Saffar, a man of humble origins who rose from an obscure beginning as a coppersmith to become a warlord. He seized control of the Sistan region, conquering all of Afghanistan, modern-day eastern Iran, and parts of Pakistan. Using Zaranj as base for an aggressive expansion eastwards and westwards, they overthrew the Taherian Dynasty and annexed Khorasan in 873. By the time of Yaghub's death, he had conquered Kabul Valley, Sindh, Tokharestan (Bactria), Makran (Baluchestan), Kerman, Fars, Khorasan, and nearly reached Baghdad but then suffered defeat.The Saffarian Dynasty did not last long after Yaqub's death. His brother and successor Amro Leis was defeated in a battle against King Ismail of Samanian Dynasty in 900. Amro Leis was forced to surrender most of their territories to the new rulers. The Saffarian Dynasty was subsequently confined to their heartland of Sistan, with their role reduced to that of vassals of the Samanian Dynasty and their successors.The Saffarian rulers gave great care to the Persian culture and under their rule the Eastern Islamic lands witnessed the emergence of prominent Persian poets like Firouz Mashreqi, Abu Salik al-Jirjani, and Mohammad bin Wasif al-Sistani.Rulers of the Saffarian Dynasty:1. Yaghub Leis Saffar (867-879)2. Amro Leis Saffar, or Amr 1st (879-901)3. Taher bin Mohammad bin Amr (901-908)4. Leis bin Ali (908-910)5. Mohammad bin Ali (910-912)6. Amr bin Yaghub bin Mohammad bin Amr, or Amr 2nd (912-913)7. Ahmad bin Mohammed bin Khalaf bin Leis bin Ali (922-963)8. Wali ad-Dawlah Khalaf bin Ahmad (963-1003)

    Tags:Afghanistan, Amro Leis, Bactria, Baghdad, Baluchestan, Dynasty, Fars, Iran, Islamic, Kabul, Kerman, Khorasan, Makran, Pakistan, Persian, Saffarian, Saffarian Dynasty, Saffarid, Samanian, Samanian Dynasty, Sistan, Taher, Taherian, Yaghub Leis


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