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    * Saeb Tabrizi *

    صائب تبریزی

    (Wikipedia) - Saib Tabrizi   (Redirected from Saeb Tabrizi) Saib Tabrizi Born Died Occupation
    1601 Tabriz, Iran
    1677 Isfahan, Iran

    Saib Tabrizi (Persian: صائب تبریزی‎, Ṣāʾib Tabrīzī, میرزا محمّدعلی صائب تبریزی, Mīrzā Muḥammad ʿalī Ṣāʾib, Azerbaijani: Saib Təbrizi; 1601/02-1677) also called Saib Isfahani (Persian: صائب اصفهاني‎, Ṣāʾib Eṣfahānī) was a Persian poet and one of the greatest masters of a form of classical Arabic and Persian lyric poetry characterized by rhymed couplets, known as the ghazal. Besides writing in Persian, Saib was known to have written 17 ghazals and molammaʿs in his native Azeri.

    Saib was born in Tabriz, and educated in Isfahan and in about 1626/27 he traveled to India, where he was received into the court of Shah Jahan. He stayed for a time in Kabul and in Kashmir, returning home after several years abroad. After his return, the emperor of Persia, Shah Abbas II, bestowed upon him the title King of Poets.

    Saib''s reputation is based primarily on some 300,000 couplets, including his epic poem Qandahār-nāma (“The Campaign Against Qandahār”). His “Indian style” verses reveal an elegant wit, a gift for the aphorism and the proverb, and a keen appreciation of philosophical and intellectual exercise. Saib was especially well known for his Persian panegyric poetry during the reigns of Persian Emperors Safi, Abbas II and Suleiman.

    A line from Saib''s poem on Kabul provided the title for Khaled Hosseini''s 2007 novel, A Thousand Splendid Suns.



    He was born in 1601 in Isfahan, however his ancestors were from Tabriz. His family was one of a thousand families who had migrated from Tabriz to Isfahan with direct order of Abbas I of Persia which called Isfahan''s Tabareze (People from Tabriz who lived in Isfahan).

    His father was one of the famous traders in Isfahan.

    He traveled to Mecca to do haj and Mashhad(two famous holy cities for moslems) in his youth ages.

    In 1635 he traveled to India and after that to Harat and Kabol.

    Saib method in poetry

    He developed a method which called Indian method.

    پاکان ستم ز جور فلک بیشتر کشند گندم چو پاک گشت خورَد زخم آسیا

    همچو کاغذباد گردون هر سبک‌مغزی که یافت در تماشاگاه دوران می‌پراند بیشتر

    اظهار عجز نزد ستم پیشه ابلهیست اشک کباب موجب طغیان آتش است

    به فکر معنی نازک چو مو شدم باریک چه غم ز موی‌شکافان خرده‌بین دارم

    پر در مقام تجربت دوستان مباش صائب غریب و بی‌کس و بی‌یار می‌شوی

    Poem Persian poems

    آب خضر و می شبانه یکی‌ست مستی و عمر جاودانه یکی‌ست

    بر دل ماست چشم، خوبان را صد کمان‌دار را نشانه یکی‌ست

    پیش آن چشم‌های خواب‌آلود نالهٔ عاشق و فسانه یکی‌ست

    پلهٔ دین و کفر چون میزان دو نماید، ولی زبانه یکی‌ست

    گر هزار است بلبل این باغ همه را نغمه و ترانه یکی‌ست

    پیش مرغ شکسته‌پر صائب قفس و باغ و آشیانه یکی‌ست

    Turkish poems

    مین دل محزونیله بیر تازه قربانیز هله زخم تیر غمزه مستینله بیجانیز هله

    اولمادان غم چکمه ریز دور زمانیندان سنین ناله و آه ایتمه ده دل ایندی حیرانیز هله

    لطف ایدرسن، گر چه سن اغیاره هر دم دوستیم روز و شب بیز فرقتینله زار و نالانیز هله

    عید وصلینه مشرف اولمادان اغیار دون دستینی بوس ایله دیک بیزاونلا شادانیز هله

    دام دوزخ ایچره اغیار اولماسین اصلاً خلاص صائبا بیز جنت دلداره مهمانیز هله

    Tags:Arabic, Azeri, India, Iran, Isfahan, Isfahani, Kabul, Kashmir, Mashhad, Mecca, Persia, Persian, Safi, Shah, Shah Abbas, Shah Jahan, Tabriz, Turkish, Wikipedia

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