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    * Obninsk *

    اوبنینسک


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    (Wikipedia) - Obninsk Obninsk (English) Обнинск (Russian) Administrative status (as of October 2011) Country Federal subject Administratively subordinated to Administrative center of Municipal status (as of October 2011) Urban okrug Administrative center of Statistics Area Population (2010 Census) - Rank in 2010 Density Time zone Founded City status since Postal code(s) Dialing code(s)
    -  City  -
    Aerial view of Obninsk
    Location of Kaluga Oblast in Russia
    ObninskLocation of Obninsk in Kaluga Oblast
    Coordinates: 55°05′35″N 36°36′38″E / 55.09306°N 36.61056°E / 55.09306; 36.61056Coordinates: 55°05′35″N 36°36′38″E / 55.09306°N 36.61056°E / 55.09306; 36.61056
    Coat of arms of Obninsk
    Russia
    Kaluga Oblast
    City of Obninsk
    City of Obninsk
    Obninsk Urban Okrug
    Obninsk Urban Okrug
    42.97 km2 (16.59 sq mi)
    104,739 inhabitants
    153rd
    2,437/km2 (6,310/sq mi)
    MSK (UTC+03:00)
    1946
    1956
    249030
    +7 48439
    Official website
    Obninsk on WikiCommons

    Obninsk (Russian: О́бнинск) is a city in Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the bank of the Protva River 100 kilometers (62 mi) southwest of Moscow and 80 kilometers (50 mi) from Kaluga. Population: 104,739 (2010 Census).

    Contents

    History

    The history of Obninsk began in 1945 when the First Research Institute Laboratory "V", which later became known as IPPE was founded. On June 27, 1954, in Obninsk started operations of the world''s first nuclear power plant to generate electricity for a power grid. The city was built next to the plant in order to support it. Scientists, engineers, construction workers, teachers and other professionals moved to Obninsk from all over the Soviet Union. Town status was granted to Obninsk on June 24, 1956. The name of the city is taken from Obninskoye, the train station in Moscow-Bryansk railroad, built in Tsarist times.

    Administrative and municipal status

    Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Obninsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the City of Obninsk is incorporated as Obninsk Urban Okrug.

    Demographics

    According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city was 104,739, down from 105,706 recorded in the 2002 Census, but up from 100,178 recorded in the 1989 Census.

    The average age of the citizens is thirty-nine years.

    Transportation

    The city is located on the main rail line between Moscow and Kiev and at the intersection of Kiev and Warsaw highways. Three international airports are within reach from Obninsk: Vnukovo (70 km), Domodedovo (100 km), and Sheremetyevo (130 km). Cargo airfield Yermolino is only 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) away.

    Science and educationView of the former Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant

    Obninsk is one of the major Russian science cities. In 2000, it was awarded the status of the First Science City of Russia. The city is home to twelve scientific research institutes. Their main activities are nuclear power engineering, nuclear methods and radiation technology, technology of non-metallic materials, medical radiology, meteorology and ecology and environmental protection.

    The first nuclear power plant in the world for the large-scale production of electricity opened here on June 27, 1954, and it also doubled as a training base for the crew of the Soviet Union''s first nuclear submarine, the K-3 Leninsky Komsomol. Now the city is home to twelve scientific research institutes. Their main activities are nuclear power engineering, radiation technology, medical radiology, and meteorology.

    Obninsk is famous for its meteorological tower which was built to study spreading of radiation from the nuclear station.

    The following institutes are located in the city:

    Economy

    In the city are the plants of companies such as Kraftway (the largest manufacturer of personal computers in Russia), Ruukki, Lotte Confectionery, Hemofarm a.d..

    Government

    The Head of the City Administration is Alexander Avdeyev.

    Sport

    There is a bandy club called Atom.

    International relations

    Tags:Administrative, Data, Demographics, Kiev, Meteorology, Moscow, Obninsk, Physics, Russia, Russian, Russian Federation, Science, Scientists, Soviet, Soviet Union, Sport, Warsaw, Wikipedia


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