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    * National Council of American-Soviet Friendship *

    NCASF,National Council on Soviet Relations

    شورای ملی دوستی امریکا-شوروی


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    (Wikipedia) - National Council of American-Soviet Friendship

    The National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (NCASF) was the successor organisation to the National Council on Soviet Relations (NCSR).

    Contents

    Foundation

    The 1930s witnessed the birth of the politically radical American-Soviet friendship movement which revolved around the Friends of the Soviet Union, founded in 1929. One of the major goals of the movement was for the United States and the Soviet Union to form an anti-fascist alliance. This eventually led to the foundation of the NCSR, which became the NCASF in 1941. The Council''s membership was largely made up of professionals sympathetic to socialism and communism.

    Key figures

    Corliss Lamont was one of the foundators and the first chairman of the council. Professor Ralph Barton Perry of Harvard University was vice-chairman of the council. Edwin Smith was the executive director of the council. Here''s timeline of NCASF office holders:

    Chairmen of NCASF Name Years in service
    Corliss Lamont 1943–1947
    Reverend William Howard Melish 1947–1951
    John Kingsbury 1949–1956
    Rockwell Kent 1957–1971
    Reverend William Howard Melish 1971–1978
    Ewart Guinier 1979–1984
    John Cherveny 1985–1987
    John Randolph 1988–1991
    Executive Directors of NCASF Name Years in service
    Edwin Smith 1944–1945
    Reverend Richard Morford 1946–1981
    Reverend Alan Thomson 1981–1991
    Roy Kaufman 1991
    Hollywood support

    Charlie Chaplin was one of the sponsors when the founding of the council was announced in April 1943. when an “American – Soviet Friendship Rally” was held in Madison Square Garden on 16 November 1944, a number of Hollywood movie stars — including Chaplin, John Garfield, Rita Hayworth, Orson Welles, James Cagney, Katharine Hepburn, Gene Kelly, and Edward G. Robinson — signed a message in a gesture of support. The statement said that the artists added their voices in favor of the bond that existed between “our great country and our great Allies.” The message added: “In this friendship lies not only the hope but the future of the world.”

    Charges with failing to register

    In 1946 the House Un-American Activities Committee initiated a formal inquiry into the NCASF. In 1947, charges were brought against the Council for failing to register with the Subversive Activities Control Board.

    Activity

    During its years of operation the NCASF released numerous publications focusing upon daily life in the Soviet Union and information regarding the state of American-Soviet relations. It ceased operations in 1991. The council was formed of several different branches and offices. Composer Aaron Copland was later questioned by Senator McCarthy regarding his membership on the Music Committee.

    The NCASF went out of existence in 1991 and the new successor organization, based in Canada is called the International Council for Friendship and Solidarity with Soviet People (ICFSSP). The magazine of the International Council is called Northstar Compass. The affiliate to the International Council in the United States is the U.S. Friends of the Soviet People and their website is USFSP The current officers of USFSP are Dr. Angelo D''Angelo (Chair), George Gruenthal (Vice Chair), Fiona Fairchild (Secretary), Joseph F. Hancock (Bulletin Editor).

    Tags:American, Canada, Harvard, Harvard University, Hollywood, National Council of American-Soviet Friendship, Soviet, Soviet Union, United States, Wikipedia


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