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    * Nahavand *

    Nihavand,Nehavand

    نهاوند


    Nahavand_Alliance_School_Girls_1935.jpg
    A historical city south of the Hamedan province (Approx. 460 km from Tehran) The city was destroyed after the fall of Achaemenid Empire by the Seleucids. It regained importance during Sassanid Empire. During Arab invasion, Nahavand was one of few strongholds that resisted time until 641 AD. For unknown reasons, Naseroddin Shah ordered destruction of a historical castle in this city. (Wikipedia) - Nahavand For the administrative subdivision, see Nahavand County. Nahavand نهاوند Country Province County Bakhsh Population (2006)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST)
    city
    Nahavand
    Coordinates: 34°11′19″N 48°22′37″E / 34.18861°N 48.37694°E / 34.18861; 48.37694Coordinates: 34°11′19″N 48°22′37″E / 34.18861°N 48.37694°E / 34.18861; 48.37694
     Iran
    Hamadan
    Nahavand
    Central
    72,218
    IRST (UTC+3:30)
    IRDT (UTC+4:30)

    Nahavand (Persian: نهاوند‎, also Romanized as Nahāvand and Nehāvend; also known as Nīhāvand) is a city in and capital of Nahavand County, Hamadan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 72,218, in 19,419 families. It is located south of Hamadan, east of Malayer and northwest of Borujerd. Nahavand is one of the oldest existing cities in Iran.

    Contents

    Name

    It has been spelled differently in different books and sources: Nahavand, Nahavend, Nahawand, Nahaavand, Nehavand, Nihavand or Nehavend, formerly called Mah-Nahavand, and in antiquity Laodicea (Greek: Λαοδίκεια; Arabic Ladhiqiyya), also transliterated Laodiceia and Laodikeia, Laodicea in Media, Laodicea in Persis, Antiochia in Persis, Antiochia of Chosroes (Greek: Αντιόχεια του Χοσρόη), Antiochia in Media (Greek: Αντιόχεια της Μηδίας), Nemavand and Niphaunda.

    History

    Tepe Giyan is located in the area and consists of fine painted potteries from the 4th millennia BC.

    The city was founded by Darius I the Great, in Media along with the two other Achaemenid cities of Apamea and Xerxes. (Strabo xi. p. 524 ; Xerxes "Laodikeia") Pliny (vi. 29) describes it as being in the extreme limits of Media, and (re-)founded by Xerxes I.

    The city was a center of Chosroes I''s empire. After military reverses (ca. 540) following his sack of Syrian Antiochia in 538, he was forced to rename his capital "Antiochia".

    It is the site of the Battle of Nihawand in 642 that completed the fall of the Sassanid Empire and the Islamic conquest of Iran. It was ruled by Ottomans between 1589 and 1603 and again between 1734 and 1730.

    Natives of Nahavand include Benjamin Nahawandi, who was a key figure in the development of Karaite Judaism in the Early Middle Ages, and 8th-century astronomer Ahmad Nahavandi, who worked at the Academy of Gundishapur. The Persian hero Feroze Nahavandi was born here. In another case they call Nahavand the city of secrets because there are a lot of cities under the current city.

    Music

    Nahavand also gives its name to the musical mode (maqam) Nahwand in Arabic, Iranian and Turkish music. This mode is known for its wide variety of Western sounding melodies.

    Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Arab, Arabic, Darius I, Greek, Hamadan, Hamedan, Iran, Iranian, Islamic, Judaism, Malayer, Media, Middle Ages, Nahavand, Naseroddin Shah, Ottomans, Persian, Persis, Sassanid, Shah, Syrian, Tehran, Turkish, Wikipedia, Xerxes


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