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    * Mansour Hallaj *


    منصور حلاج ، حسین ابن منصور

    Mansour Hallaj was a Muslim teacher of Sufism. (b. 858, Ṭur, Iran-died March 26, 922, Baghdad, Iraq)Brought up in the Iraqi city of Wasiṭ, Accused of fomenting rebellion and claiming to be divine, he was arrested, imprisoned (911–922), and tortured to death.Ab-ol-Moghith Hossein Ibn Mansour e Hallaj (858-922 AD), Iranian controversial writer and teacher of Islamic Sufi mysticism. Because he represented in his person and works the experiences, causes, and aspirations of many Muslims, arousing admiration in some and repression on the part of others, the drama of his life and death has been considered a reference point in Islamic history.Hallaj was born in the southern Iranian community of Tur in the province of Fars. According to tradition, his grandfather was a Zoroastrian. At an early age Hallaj went to live in the city of Wasit, an important Iraqi centre for textiles, trade, and Arab culture. He was drawn to asceticism at an early age and studied with a series of Sufi teachers. His father had become a Muslim and may have supported the family by carding wool.Around 895AD, he traveled extensively as a teacher and preacher, making three pilgrimages to Mecca and gathering a large following. From These travels and his popularity alienated his Sufi masters, and his demands for reform earned him the enmity of non-Sufi Muslims. Hallaj was identified as an "intoxicated" Sufi in contradistinction to a "sober" one. The former are those who, in the moment of ecstasy, are so overcome by the presence of the divine that awareness of personal identity is lost and who experience a merging with ultimate reality. In that exalted state, the Sufi is given to using extravagant language. Not long before his arrest Hallaj is said to have uttered the statement "Ana al-Hagh" (means in Arabic: "I am the Truth"), which provided cause for the accusation that he had claimed to be divine. Such a statement was highly inappropriate in the view of most Muslims.Finally, Baghdad authorities execute him by brutally torturing. He is jailed for nine years, flogged, mutilated, scaffold, and then burned.

    Tags:Arab, Arabic, Baghdad, Fars, Ibn, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Iraqi, Islamic, Mansour Hallaj, Mecca, Muslim, Sufism, Tur, Wasit, Zoroastrian

    See Also:Mansur Al-Hallaj

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