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    * Manjil *

    منجیل


    Manjil_Dam_Island_Gilan_2010.jpg
    Manjil is a historical city in Gilan Province of Iran. Manjil is famous for its Manjil Dam on the Sefid Rood. First wind turbines in Iran were installed in Manjil because Manjil is constantly gusty. Manjil is also well known for its olive gardens. (Wikipedia) - Manjil Manjil منجيل Country Province County Bakhsh Population (2006)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST)
    city
    A view of modern Manjil; the wind power generators are seen in the background
    Manjil
    Coordinates: 36°44′36″N 49°24′08″E / 36.74333°N 49.40222°E / 36.74333; 49.40222Coordinates: 36°44′36″N 49°24′08″E / 36.74333°N 49.40222°E / 36.74333; 49.40222
     Iran
    Gilan
    Rudbar
    Central
    16,028
    IRST (UTC+3:30)
    IRDT (UTC+4:30)

    Manjil (Persian: منجيل‎, also Romanized as Manjīl and Menjīl) is a city in the Central District of Rudbar County, Gilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 16,028, in 4,447 families.

    Contents

    History and geography

    Manjil is located between N36º45´18˝-N36º41´42˝ and E49º23´6˝ and E49º31´ 48˝. Its known as the windy city of Iran; a reputation it owes to its geographical position in the Alborz mountains at a small cleft in Alborz that funnels the wind through Manjil to the Qazvin plateau. The biggest wind farm of Iran is located near Manjil. Throughout the history Manjil has been a gate to the southern Caspian region. There are numerous archaeological site excavations (mostly illegal) in the Manjil area because of its rich cultural history. Some of these sites are related to the Ismaili era, i.e., Hassan Sabbah movement based in Alamoot forte (one may find artifacts from the 3rd-2nd millennia BC in some households).

    Manjil is known for its olive gardens and the river Sefīd-Rūd (or "Sepid Rood", "Sefid Rood", "white river"). It passes by the town and is formed in Manjil by two joining rivers. Since 1960 it has been the site of the Manjil dam that significantly contributes to Gilan''s agriculture while generating electric power. The lake behind the Sepid Rood dam adds to the beauty of the area (visible on Google earth at the above coordinates).

    Modern history

    In the modern era, Manjil was the site of a historical battle between the nationalist revolutionary forces of Jangal (led by Mirza Koochak Khan) and the joint British and White Russian forces on June 12, 1918. The latter forces (led by General Dunsterville and Colonel Bicherakhov) willing to pass through Manjil as the only passage to the Caspian to reach Baku and overthrow the newly formed Baku Commune (led by Stepan Shahumian). General Dunsterville''s private diaries and notes, including those kept during his command of the Dunsterforce Mission to North Persia and Baku, 1918 were transcribed from the original by General Dunsterville''s great granddaughter, and are co-located on the Great War Primary Documents Archive.

    Although devastated by an earthquake of magnitude 7.3 on June 21, 1990, for the last few decades Manjil has enjoyed industrial and economic growth but could have more potential given its natural and human resources.

    People

    Both Lowšān and Manjil had a mainly Turkish population from the ʿAmmārlu tribe, together with Tats and Kurds, and belonged to the ʿAmmārlu district.

    Tags:Alborz, Baku, British, Caspian, Gilan, Gilan Province, Google, Iran, Ismaili, Khan, Manjil, Manjil Dam, Mirza, Persia, Persian, Qazvin, Rudbar, Russian, Sefīd-Rūd, Turkish, Wikipedia


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