• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Mandana *

    Mandane of Media

    ماندانا


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    Mandana of Media (b. ca. 584 BCE) was a princess of Media and, later, the Queen consort of Cambyses I of Anshan and mother of Cyrus the Great, ruler of the Persia's Achaemenid Dynasty.According to Herodotus, Mandana was born to Astyages, King of Media and son of Cyaxares the Great, and Princess Aryenis of Lydia, daughter of Alyattes II, the father of Croesus of Lydia. Christian Settipani, however, says she was his daughter by another mother.Shortly after her birth, Herodotus reports that Astyages had a strange dream where his daughter urinated so much that Asia would flood. He consulted the magi who interpreted the dream as a warning that Mandana's son would overthrow his rule.To forestall that outcome, Astyages betrothed Mandana to the vassal Achaemenid prince, Cambyses I of Anshan, "a man of good family and quiet habits", whom Astyages considered no threat to the Median throne.Astyages had a second dream when Mandana became pregnant where a vine grew from her womb and overtook the world. Terrified, he sent his most loyal court retainer, Harpagus, to kill the child. However, Harpagus was loath to spill royal blood and hid the child, Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great), with a shepherd named Mitradates.Years later, Cyrus would defy his grandfather, Astyages, leading to war between them; a war that Cyrus would have lost, but for Harpagus' defection on the battlefield of Pasargadae, leading to the overthrow of Astyages, as the dream had forecast.DeathThere are references to Mandana's death as 559 BC. However, as this is considered the date of her husband's death (Cambyses I), it is unknown if that is the actual date of her death or when she changed status from Queen Consort to Queen Mother. (Wikipedia) - Mandane of Media   (Redirected from Mandana)

    Mandana of Media (b. ca. 584 BCE) was a princess of Media and, later, the Queen consort of Cambyses I of Anshan and mother of Cyrus the Great, ruler of the Persia''s Achaemenid Empire.

    Contents

    Mandane in Herodotus'' histories

    According to Herodotus, Mandana was born to Astyages, King of Media and son of Cyaxares the Great, and Princess Aryenis of Lydia, daughter of Alyattes II, the father of Croesus of Lydia.

    Shortly after her birth, Herodotus reports that Astyages had a strange dream where his daughter urinated so much that Asia would flood. He consulted the magi who interpreted the dream as a warning that Mandana''s son would overthrow his rule.

    To forestall that outcome, Astyages betrothed Mandane to the vassal Achaemenid prince, Cambyses I of Anshan, "a man of good family and quiet habits", whom Astyages considered no threat to the Median throne.

    Astyages had a second dream when Mandane became pregnant where a vine grew from her womb and overtook the world. Terrified, he sent his most loyal court retainer, Harpagus, to kill the child. However, Harpagus was loath to spill royal blood and hid the child, Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great), with a shepherd named Mitradates.

    Years later, Cyrus would defy his grandfather, Astyages, leading to war between them; a war that Cyrus would have lost, but for Harpagus'' defection on the battlefield of Pasargadae, leading to the overthrow of Astyages, as the dream had forecast.

    Mandane in Xenophon''s Cyropedia

    Xenophon also gives reference to Mandane in his Cyropœdia (The Education of Cyrus). In this story, Mandane and her son travel to Astyages court, when Cyrus is in his early teens. Cyrus charms his grandfather, who includes the boy in royal hunts, while Mandane returns to her husband in Anshan. It is when Cyrus concocts a story that his father, Cambyses I, is ill and returns to visit him that Astyages comes after him and the battle is joined.

    Death

    There are references to Mandana''s death as 559 BC; however, as this year is considered the date of her husband''s death (Cambyses I), it is unknown if that is the actual date of her death or when she changed status from Queen Consort to Queen Mother.

    Ancient Near East portal
    Sources
  • ^ J. Hedderwick & co (1809). Letters on ancient history. p. 80. 
  • External links
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Cyrus the Great Family Battles Related
    Achaemenid Empire
    Children
    • Cambyses I (father)
    • Mandane (mother)
    • Cassandane (wife)
    • Cambyses II
    • Bardiya
    • Atossa
    • Artystone
    • Roxana
    Category
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Median topics Language Cities Battles involving Lydia Battles involving Persia Kings/Satraps Other Medians
    • Median language, Iranian language
    Median Empire and its neighbors, ca. 600 BC
    • Eclipse of Thales
    • Persian Revolt
    • Battle of Hyrba
    • Battle of the Persian Border
    • Siege of Pasargadae Hill
    • Battle of Pasargadae
    • Fall of Ecbatana
    • Amytis of Media
    • Artembares
    • Datis
    • Gubaru
    • Mazares
    • Aryenis
    • Mandane

    Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Alyattes, Amytis, Anshan, Asia, Astyages, Bible, Border, Cambyses, Cassandane, Christian, Croesus, Cyaxares, Cyropaedia, Cyrus, Cyrus Cylinder, Cyrus the Great, Datis, Deioces, Dynasty, Ecbatana, Hamadan, Harpagus, Herodotus, Iranian, Life, Lydia, Mandana, Media, Nahavand, Near East, Opis, Pasargadae, Persia, Persian, Phraortes, Quran, Rey, Rhagae, Roxana, Sardis, Tehran, Wikipedia, Xenophon


    Related History Articles:

    Add definition or comments on Mandana

    Your Name / Alias:
    E-mail:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Mandana





    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian