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    * Maidan Wardak Province *

    ولایت میدان وردګ ،


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    (Wikipedia) - Maidan Wardak Province Wardak ميدان وردگ Country Capital Government  • Chief jehadi Commander and elder Area  • Total Population  • Total  • Density Time zone ISO 3166 code Main languages
    Province
    Map of Afghanistan with Wardak highlighted
    Coordinates (Capital): 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4Coordinates: 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4
    Afghanistan
    Maidan Shar
    Hakem Ghulam Hazrat Jaghato district (Peer Gaillani and Sayaaf)
    9,934 km2 (3,836 sq mi)
    540,100
    54/km2 (140/sq mi)
    UTC+4:30
    AF-WAR
    Persian, Pashto

    Maidan Wardak Province (Pashto: ميدان وردگ ولايت‎), also called Maidan Wardag or simply Wardak Province, is one of thirty four provinces of Afghanistan located in the central east region of Afghanistan. It has a population of approximately 540,100. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar. The province is named after the Pashtun tribe of Wardak.

    Contents

    History

    During the communist times, the people of Wardak never gave significant support to the communist government. Wardak Province was significant during the Civil War in Afghanistan, due to its proximity with Kabul and its agricultural lands. Hezb-e Wahdat had significant presence in the area. Most of the area was captured by the Taliban around winter 1995, and after the capture of Kabul, Wardak Taliban were significant in the fight for Parwan Province and Kapisa Province.

    GeographyA US soldier patrols the village of Dahanah in Wardak Province

    Maidan Wardak province is located in the Central (or Central East) region of Afghanistan; bordering Parwan to the Northeast, Kabul and Logar to the east, Ghazni to the south and Bamyan to the west. The capital of Maidan Wardak province is Maidan Shar, which is located about 35 km from Kabul. Maidan Wardak province covers an area of 9,934 km2. The majority of the provincial population (527,750 people) live in rural areas. The most heavily populated areas are along the Kabul – Kandahar Highway. The rest of the province is thinly populated, with villages concentrated in areas with available irrigation and water sources (CSO and UNFPA, 2003).

    Demographics

    The provincial population is approximately 540,100. Pashtun form the majority of the population in the province. Hazara , Tajik and Qizilbash form a minority population in some of the districts. Kuchis migrate across parts of Sayadabad, Daymirdad and Nerkh between April and September.

    Religion

    The province is recognized for its strong religious sentiment. Between the 1950s-1970s over 30 study centres were active in the area.

    Security

    The security situation rapidly deteriorated in Maidan Wardak in 2008 and 2009. According to a report by Mohammad Osman Tariq Elias, both Logar and Maidan Wardak, by the end of 2008, were under de facto Taliban control. As of April 2009, the Ministry of the Interior (Afghanistan) had listed the entire province as "High Risk."

    Economics and industry

    In terms of industry, one marble factory is working in the province, and there are marble mines in the provincial center and Sayed Abad District although no mining is currently undertaken there due to the government ban. The majority of commercial activity in Maidan Wardak is related to trade in agricultural and livestock products, although stone quarrying is also a growing business in the area. The people from Maidan Wardak are also expert in karez cleaning and repair and go to other parts of the country for this purpose. In Maidan Wardak, there are many natural resources like petroleum, iron, rubies, and many historical artifacts that have been found by the people, but have been kept secret.

    Agriculture is a major source of revenue for 43% of households in Maidan Wardak province. Four fifths (79%) of rural households own or manage agricultural land or garden plots in the province. However, nearly a quarter (24%) of households in the province derive income from trade and services, and around half (45%) of households earn some income through non-farm related labor.

    Education

    The overall literacy rate in Wardak province is 25%. There are around 251 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 105,358 students. There are 2909 teachers teaching in these schools.

    DistrictsDistricts of Wardak. Districts of Wardak Province District Capital Population Area Ethnical data(%) Notes
    Chak 83,376 1,273 ~100% Pashtun
    Maidan Shar 35,008 ~95% Pashtun, 5% Tajik
    Narkh 56,354 ~90% Pashtun

    ~10% Hazara

    Saydabad 114,793 1,163 ~99% Pashtun

    ~1% Tajik

    Jaghatu 46,667 ~100% Pashtun
    Day Mirdad 28,865 ~30% Hazara 70% pashtun

    unknown% Qizilbash

    Jalrez 44,873 ~80% Pashtun

    ~20% Hazara

    Hisa-I-Awali Bihsud 25,079 ~80% Hazara

    ~10% pashtun, unknown% Qizilbash 10% Tajik

    Markazi Bihsud 33,328 100% Hazara

    Tags:Afghanistan, Bamyan, Capital, Demographics, Geography, ISO, Kabul, Kandahar, Kapisa, Maidan, Maidan Wardak Province, Pashtun, Persian, Qizilbash, Taliban, US, Wardak, Wikipedia


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