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    Citadel of Moscow in which the Russian government is housed; government of Russia. In medieval Russia, these were central fortress, usually located at a strategic point and separated from the surrounding parts of the city by a wall with ramparts, towers, and battlements. Moscow's Kremlin (established in 1156) served as the centre of Russian government until 1712 and again after 1918 (Wikipedia) - Kremlin This article is about Russian fortresses. For the kremlin in Moscow, see Moscow Kremlin. For other uses, see Kremlin (disambiguation).
    This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2012)
    A wall of Smolensk Kremlin in 1912.Remains of the Kolomna Kremlin.Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin.The bishop residence in Rostov, sometimes called a Kremlin

    A kremlin (Russian: кремль, tr. kreml; IPA: , fortress; same root as in kremen (Russian: кремень, tr. kremen; IPA: , flint)) is a major fortified central complex found in historic Russian cities. This word is often used to refer to the most famous one, the Moscow Kremlin, or metonymically to the government that is based there.


    The short list of Russian cities with kremlins Kremlins outside borders of modern Russia

    After the disintegrations of the Kievan Rus, the Russian Empire and the USSR, some fortresses considered Kremlin-type, remained beyond the borders of modern Russia. Some are listed below:

    Many Russian monasteries have been built in a fortress-like style similar to that of a kremlin. For a partial list, see Monasteries in Russia.

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    Tags:Belarus, Kiev, Kremlin, Monastery, Moscow, Russia, Russian, USSR, Ufa, Ukraine, Wikipedia, World Heritage

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