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    * Kashefossaltaneh *

    Kashef

    کاشف السلطنه ، آقا محمدخان قاجار قوانلو، حاجی میرزا


    Lahijan_Kashefossaltaneh_Mausoleum.jpg
    Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar Qavanloo aka Kashefossaltaneh (Kashef: explorer Saltaneh:royal) is known as the father of tea because he was the first person to cultivate tea in Iran.Kashef was born in a Royal Qajar family on March, 21, 1865 in Torbat Heidariyeh. His father’s name was Nayebolalayeh (Asadollah Mirza), and his mother’s name was Jahanara aka Azizossaltaneh who was the daughter of ghahraman Mirza, son of Abbas Mirza. After he lost his father, Kashef was tutored Persian and Arabic literature at home. Then he entered Darolfonoon where he learned French and similar subjects. He was employed at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at the age of 16 and worked as the secretary to Mirza Nasrollah Khan Moshiroddoleh. Kashef went to Paris in 1881 where he studied law at Sorbonne. After five years in France, he became vice-consul in Paris.Upon his return to Iran in 1889, he became one of dissidents to Naseroddin Shah’s dictatorship and supported the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. His arrest warrant was issued after he published flyers condemning the Shah. He fled to Neishabour with some other dissidents and fled to Russia when the city was surrounded by government troops. Then Kashef went to Ottoman Istanbul and entered the carpet business. He continued his political activities in Istanbul until the Qajar court officially demanded his extradition. Kashef went to hiding in France and stayed there until Naseoddin Shah’s death.In 1895, Kashef married Lady Gohar Geranmayeh and was appointed as the General Consul in India. He learned about the tea business, a British monopoly in Indian colony, and learned about the tips and tricks without drawing attention.He employed two Russian experts in order to expand tea farms in Iran but Iran was still under Russian and British influence and success was difficult.On Dec, 22, 1904, Kashef was appointed Charge d’affairs in Paris and returned to Iran after 3 years.Although he was a known politician, he worked relentlessly to improve agricultural industry in Iran and imported machinery and technology from foreign countries. In Feb, 1929, after he arrived in Bushehr from Bombay, he was killed in a car accident which was attributed to as a British conspiracy. Witnesses recorded traces of a bullet in his head before being buried in LahiKhan Qajar Qavanloo aka Kashefossaltaneh (Kashef: explorer Saltaneh:royal) is known as the father of tea because he was the first person to cultivate tea in Iran.Kashef was born in a Royal Qajar family on March, 21, 1865 in Torbat Heidariyeh. His father’s name was Nayebolalayeh (Asadollah Mirza), and his mother’s name was Jahanara aka Azizossaltaneh who was the daughter of ghahraman Mirza, son of Abbas Mirza. After he lost his father, Kashef was tutored Persian and Arabic literature at home. Then he entered Darolfonoon where he learned French and similar subjects. He was employed at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at the age of 16 and worked as the secretary to Mirza Nasrollah Khan Moshiroddoleh. Kashef went to Paris in 1881 where he studied law at Sorbonne. After five years in France, he became vice-consul in Paris.Upon his return to Iran in 1889, he became one of dissidents to Naseroddin Shah’s dictatorship and supported the Constitutional Monarchy Movement. His arrest warrant was issued after he published flyers condemning the Shah. He fled to Neishabour with some other dissidents and fled to Russia when the city was surrounded by government troops. Then Kashef went to Ottoman Istanbul and entered the carpet business. He continued his political activities in Istanbul until the Qajar court officially demanded his extradition. Kashef went to hiding in France and stayed there until Naseoddin Shah’s death.In 1895, Kashef married Lady Gohar Geranmayeh and was appointed as the General Consul in India. He learned about the tea business, a British monopoly in Indian colony, and learned about the tips and tricks without drawing attention.He employed two Russian experts in order to expand tea farms in Iran but Iran was still under Russian and British influence and success was difficult.On Dec, 22, 1904, Kashef was appointed Charge d’affairs in Paris and returned to Iran after 3 years.Although he was a known politician, he worked relentlessly to improve agricultural industry in Iran and imported machinery and technology from foreign countries. In Feb, 1929, after he arrived in Bushehr from Bombay, he was killed in a car accident which was attributed to as a British conspiracy. Witnesses recorded traces of a bullet in his head before being buried in Lahijan.

    Tags:Abbas Mirza, Agha Mohammad Khan, Arabic, Bombay, British, Bushehr, Constitutional Monarchy, Constitutional Monarchy Movement, Darolfonoon, France, French, Heidariyeh, India, Iran, Istanbul, Kashefossaltaneh, Khan, Lahijan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mirza, Monarchy, Moshiroddoleh, Naseroddin Shah, Nasrollah, Neishabour, Ottoman, Paris, Persian, Qajar, Russia, Russian, Shah, Sorbonne, Torbat Heidariyeh


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