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    * Karim Khan Zand *

    Karimkhan

    کریم خان زند


    Zand_Dynasty_Karimkhan_Bust_Shiraz.jpg
    Karim Khan Zand was the founder of the Zand Dynasty. Immediately after Nader Shah's assassination in 1747, the Safavids were re-appointed as shahs of Iran in order to lend legitimacy to the nascent Zand dynasty. However the brief puppet regime of Ismail 3rd ended in 1760 when Karimkhan felt strong enough and took nominal power of the country as well and officially ended the Safavid Dynasty.Karim Khan was the son of Inagh Khan, the ilkhan of the tribe. He was once a top general at the service of Nader Shah.Karim Khan was known to be a just person; actually he is best in terms of justness compared to all rulers following the Arab invasion in 635 AD. He was a humble person and never proclaimed king and preferred to be addressed as Vakil-ol-Raaya (Advocate of People) He was a good politician and chose Shiraz as his capital. The city of Shiraz flourished during his reign. The splendid Arg, Bazaar, Mosque, and Hamam in Shiraz denote the glorious times of his reign.He was not interested in dealing with Britain, asserting the point that they intended to the same thing they did to India in Iran.Unfortunately right after his death in 1779, a bloody power struggle began that paved the way to downfall of the Zand Dynasty. (Wikipedia) - Karim Khan   (Redirected from Karim Khan Zand) For the cricketer known as Karim Khan, see Karim Khan (cricketer). For the village in Iran, see Karim Khan, Iran. Karim Khan Zand Reign Successor Dynasty Born Died Burial Religion
    ''Vakil e-Ra''aayaa وكيل الرّعايا (Representative of the People)
    1750 – 1 May/March 1779
    Mohammad Ali Khan
    Zand dynasty
    c. 1705
    1 May/March 1779 Zand Palace, Shiraz
    Pars Museum, Shiraz 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500Coordinates: 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500
    Shia Islam

    Karim Khan Zand, also known as Mohammad Karim (Persian:کریم خان زند), (c. 1705–1779), was the founder of the Zand Dynasty. He ruled all of Iran except for Khorasan, he also ruled over some Caucasian lands and occupied Basra for some years.

    Contents

    Biography

    Karim Khan''s ethnicity is still disputed to this day, some sources suggested that he was of Lak or Lur origin. Wadie Jwaideh suggested his proud Kurdishness.

    Karim Khan Zand was one of the generals of Nader Shah. After Nader Shah''s death in 1747, Persia fell into a state of civil war. At that time, Karim Khan, Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari and Ali Mardan Khan reached an agreement to divide the country among themselves and give the throne to Ismail III. However, the cooperation ended after Ali Mardan Khan invaded Isfahan and killed Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari. Subsequently, Karim Khan killed Ali Mardan Khan and gained control over all of Iran except Greater Khorasan, ruled by Shahrokh, grandson of Nader Shah. Nevertheless, he did not adopt the title of Shah for himself, preferring the title, Vakil e-Ra''aayaa (Representative of the People).

    While Karim was ruler, Persia recovered from the devastation of 40 years of war, providing the war ravaged country with a renewed sense of tranquility, security, peace, and prosperity. During his reign, relations with Britain were restored, and he allowed the East India Company to have a trading post in southern Iran. He made Shiraz his capital and ordered the construction of several architectural projects there. Following Karim Khan''s death, civil war broke out once more, and none of his descendants were able to rule the country as effectively as he had. The last of these descendants, Lotf Ali Khan, was killed by Agha Mohammad Khan, and the Qajar dynasty came to power.

    Legacy

    To this day, he has a reputation as one of the most just and able rulers in Iranian history. A wealth of tales and anecdotes portray Karim Khan as a compassionate ruler, genuinely concerned with the welfare of his subjects. In the words of John Malcolm, "The happy reign of this excellent prince, as contrasted with those who preceded and followed him, affords the historian of Persia that kind of mixed pleasure and repose, which a traveler enjoys on arriving in a beautiful and fertile valley during an arduous journey over barren and rugged wastes. It is pleasing to recount the actions of a chief who, though born of an inferior rank, obtained power without crime, and who exercised it with a moderation that, for the times in which he lived, was as singular as his humanity and justice." He is buried at Pars Museum of ShKarim Khan Zand was the founder of the Zand Dynasty. Immediately after Nader Shah's assassination in 1747, the Safavids were re-appointed as shahs of Iran in order to lend legitimacy to the nascent Zand dynasty. However the brief puppet regime of Ismail 3rd ended in 1760 when Karimkhan felt strong enough and took nominal power of the country as well and officially ended the Safavid Dynasty.Karim Khan was the son of Inagh Khan, the ilkhan of the tribe. He was once a top general at the service of Nader Shah.Karim Khan was known to be a just person; actually he is best in terms of justness compared to all rulers following the Arab invasion in 635 AD. He was a humble person and never proclaimed king and preferred to be addressed as Vakil-ol-Raaya (Advocate of People) He was a good politician and chose Shiraz as his capital. The city of Shiraz flourished during his reign. The splendid Arg, Bazaar, Mosque, and Hamam in Shiraz denote the glorious times of his reign.He was not interested in dealing with Britain, asserting the point that they intended to the same thing they did to India in Iran.Unfortunately right after his death in 1779, a bloody power struggle began that paved the way to downfall of the Zand Dynasty. (Wikipedia) - Karim Khan   (Redirected from Karim Khan Zand) For the cricketer known as Karim Khan, see Karim Khan (cricketer). For the village in Iran, see Karim Khan, Iran.

    Karim Khan Zand Reign Successor Dynasty Born Died Burial Religion
    ''Vakil e-Ra''aayaa وكيل الرّعايا (Representative of the People)
    1750 – 1 May/March 1779
    Mohammad Ali Khan
    Zand dynasty
    c. 1705
    1 May/March 1779 Zand Palace, Shiraz
    Pars Museum, Shiraz 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500Coordinates: 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500
    Shia Islam

    Karim Khan Zand, also known as Mohammad Karim (Persian:کریم خان زند), (c. 1705–1779), was the founder of the Zand Dynasty. He ruled all of Iran except for Khorasan, he also ruled over some Caucasian lands and occupied Basra for some years.

    Contents

    Biography

    Karim Khan''s ethnicity is still disputed to this day, some sources suggested that he was of Lak or Lur origin. Wadie Jwaideh suggested his proud Kurdishness.

    Karim Khan Zand was one of the generals of Nader Shah. After Nader Shah''s death in 1747, Persia fell into a state of civil war. At that time, Karim Khan, Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari and Ali Mardan Khan reached an agreement to divide the country among themselves and give the throne to Ismail III. However, the cooperation ended after Ali Mardan Khan invaded Isfahan and killed Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari. Subsequently, Karim Khan killed Ali Mardan Khan and gained control over all of Iran except Greater Khorasan, ruled by Shahrokh, grandson of Nader Shah. Nevertheless, he did not adopt the title of Shah for himself, preferring the title, Vakil e-Ra''aayaa (Representative of the People).

    While Karim was ruler, Persia recovered from the devastation of 40 years of war, providing the war ravaged country with a renewed sense of tranquility, security, peace, and prosperity. During his reign, relations with Britain were restored, and he allowed the East India Company to have a trading post in southern Iran. He made Shiraz his capital and ordered the construction of several architectural projects there. Following Karim Khan''s death, civil war broke out once more, and none of his descendants were able to rule the country as effectively as he had. The last of these descendants, Lotf Ali Khan, was killed by Agha Mohammad Khan, and the Qajar dynasty came to power.

    Legacy

    To this day, he has a reputation as one of the most just and able rulers in Iranian history. A wealth of tales and anecdotes portray Karim Khan as a compassionate ruler, genuinely concerned with the welfare of his subjects. In the words of John Malcolm, "The happy reign of this excellent prince, as contrasted with those who preceded and followed him, affords the historian of Persia that kind of mixed pleasure and repose, which a traveler enjoys on arriving in a beautiful and fertile valley during an arduous journey over barren and rugged wastes. It is pleasing to recount the actions of a chief who, though born of an inferior rank, obtained power without crime, and who exercised it with a moderation that, for the times in which he lived, was as singular as his humanity and justice." He is buried at Pars Museum of ShiKhan Zand was the founder of the Zand Dynasty. Immediately after Nader Shah's assassination in 1747, the Safavids were re-appointed as shahs of Iran in order to lend legitimacy to the nascent Zand dynasty. However the brief puppet regime of Ismail 3rd ended in 1760 when Karimkhan felt strong enough and took nominal power of the country as well and officially ended the Safavid Dynasty.Karim Khan was the son of Inagh Khan, the ilkhan of the tribe. He was once a top general at the service of Nader Shah.Karim Khan was known to be a just person; actually he is best in terms of justness compared to all rulers following the Arab invasion in 635 AD. He was a humble person and never proclaimed king and preferred to be addressed as Vakil-ol-Raaya (Advocate of People) He was a good politician and chose Shiraz as his capital. The city of Shiraz flourished during his reign. The splendid Arg, Bazaar, Mosque, and Hamam in Shiraz denote the glorious times of his reign.He was not interested in dealing with Britain, asserting the point that they intended to the same thing they did to India in Iran.Unfortunately right after his death in 1779, a bloody power struggle began that paved the way to downfall of the Zand Dynasty. (Wikipedia) - Karim Khan   (Redirected from Karim Khan Zand) For the cricketer known as Karim Khan, see Karim Khan (cricketer). For the village in Iran, see Karim Khan, Iran.

    Karim Khan Zand Reign Successor Dynasty Born Died Burial Religion
    ''Vakil e-Ra''aayaa وكيل الرّعايا (Representative of the People)
    1750 – 1 May/March 1779
    Mohammad Ali Khan
    Zand dynasty
    c. 1705
    1 May/March 1779 Zand Palace, Shiraz
    Pars Museum, Shiraz 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500Coordinates: 29°36′57.63″N 52°32′42″E / 29.6160083°N 52.54500°E / 29.6160083; 52.54500
    Shia Islam

    Karim Khan Zand, also known as Mohammad Karim (Persian:کریم خان زند), (c. 1705–1779), was the founder of the Zand Dynasty. He ruled all of Iran except for Khorasan, he also ruled over some Caucasian lands and occupied Basra for some years.

    Contents

    Biography

    Karim Khan''s ethnicity is still disputed to this day, some sources suggested that he was of Lak or Lur origin. Wadie Jwaideh suggested his proud Kurdishness.

    Karim Khan Zand was one of the generals of Nader Shah. After Nader Shah''s death in 1747, Persia fell into a state of civil war. At that time, Karim Khan, Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari and Ali Mardan Khan reached an agreement to divide the country among themselves and give the throne to Ismail III. However, the cooperation ended after Ali Mardan Khan invaded Isfahan and killed Abdolfath Khan Bakhtiari. Subsequently, Karim Khan killed Ali Mardan Khan and gained control over all of Iran except Greater Khorasan, ruled by Shahrokh, grandson of Nader Shah. Nevertheless, he did not adopt the title of Shah for himself, preferring the title, Vakil e-Ra''aayaa (Representative of the People).

    While Karim was ruler, Persia recovered from the devastation of 40 years of war, providing the war ravaged country with a renewed sense of tranquility, security, peace, and prosperity. During his reign, relations with Britain were restored, and he allowed the East India Company to have a trading post in southern Iran. He made Shiraz his capital and ordered the construction of several architectural projects there. Following Karim Khan''s death, civil war broke out once more, and none of his descendants were able to rule the country as effectively as he had. The last of these descendants, Lotf Ali Khan, was killed by Agha Mohammad Khan, and the Qajar dynasty came to power.

    Legacy

    To this day, he has a reputation as one of the most just and able rulers in Iranian history. A wealth of tales and anecdotes portray Karim Khan as a compassionate ruler, genuinely concerned with the welfare of his subjects. In the words of John Malcolm, "The happy reign of this excellent prince, as contrasted with those who preceded and followed him, affords the historian of Persia that kind of mixed pleasure and repose, which a traveler enjoys on arriving in a beautiful and fertile valley during an arduous journey over barren and rugged wastes. It is pleasing to recount the actions of a chief who, though born of an inferior rank, obtained power without crime, and who exercised it with a moderation that, for the times in which he lived, was as singular as his humanity and justice." He is buried at Pars Museum of Shiraz.

    Tags:Agha Mohammad Khan, Ali Mardan Khan, Arab, Arg, Bakhtiari, Basra, Bazaar, Britain, Caucasian, Dynasty, East India Company, Greater Khorasan, Hamam, India, Iran, Iranian, Isfahan, Islam, John Malcolm, Karim Khan, Karim Khan Zand, Karimkhan, Khan, Khorasan, Nader Shah, Pars Museum of Shiraz, Persia, Persian, Qajar, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Safavids, Shah, Shia, Shia Islam, Shiraz, Vakil, Wikipedia, Zand, Zand Dynasty


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