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    * Kakheti *

    Kaxeti

    کاختى


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    Region in Safavid Empire, now part of Georgia. Kakheti is a historical province in Eastern Georgia (Wikipedia) - Kakheti Kakheti კახეთი Country Capital Municipalities Government  • Governor Area  • Total Population (2002)  • Total  • Density ISO 3166 code
    Mkhare (region)
    Map highlighting the modern political subdivision of Kakheti
    Map highlighting the historical region of Kakheti in Georgia
     Georgia
    Telavi
    8
    Giorgi Ghviniashvili
    11,379 km2 (4,393 sq mi)
    409,551
    36/km2 (93/sq mi)
    GE-KA

    Kakheti (Georgian: კახეთი) is a region (Georgian: Mkhare) formed in the 1990s in eastern Georgia from the historical province of Kakheti and the small, mountainous province of Tusheti. Telavi is its capital. The region comprises eight administrative districts: Telavi, Gurjaani, Kvareli, Sagarejo, Dedoplistsqaro, Signagi, Lagodekhi and Akhmeta. Kakheti is bordered by the Russian Federation to the Northeast, Azerbaijan to the Southeast, and the Georgian regions of Mtskheta-Mtianeti and Kvemo Kartli to the west.

    The Georgian David Gareja monastery complex is partially located in this province and is subject to a border dispute between Georgian and Azerbaijani authorities.

    Contents

    Geography

    Beyond the modern-day administrative subdivision into the districts, Kakheti has traditionally been subdivided into four parts: Inner Kakheti (შიდა კახეთი, Shida Kakheti) to the east of Tsiv-Gombori mountain range, along the right bank of the Alazani River; Outer Kakheti (გარე კახეთი, Gare Kakheti) along the middle Iori River basin; Kiziq''i (ქიზიყი) between the Alazani and the Iori; Thither Area (გაღმა მხარი, Gaghma Mkhari) on the left bank of the Alazani. It also includes the medieval region of Hereti whose name has fallen into gradual oblivion since the 15th century.

    Subdivision

    The Kakheti region is divided into eight municipalities:

    HistorySignagi is becoming an important cultural center in the region

    Kakheti was an independent feudal principality from the end of the eighth century. It was incorporated into the united Georgian Kingdom at the beginning of the eleventh century, but for less than a decade. Only in the beginning of the twelfth century did Georgian King David the Builder (1089–1125) incorporate Kakheti into his Kingdom successfully.

    The Alazani River Plain, with the Caucasus Mountains in the background

    After the disintegration of the Georgian Kingdom, Kakheti became an independent Kingdom in the 1460s. From the early 16th century till the early 19th century, Kakheti and it''s neighboring Kartli came under intermittent Persian rule. In 1616, Shah Abbas deported hundreds of thousands of the ethnic Kakheti Georgian population to Iran and destroyed the region during his punitive campaign against Teimuraz I, his formerly most loyal subject. During all these centuries the region was an integral part of Persia and it supplied many notable generals, administrators, women and many hundred of thousands of peasants for the Iranian overlords. In 1762, the Kakhetian Kingdom was united with the neighboring Georgian Kingdom of Kartli, with the capital of the former, Telavi also capital of the Albanian Hereti, becoming the capital of the united Eastern-Georgian Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti and assimilation of Albanians strengthened by church. Following the Treaty of Georgievsk and the sack of Tblisi by Agha Mohammad Khan, in 1801 the Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti was annexed to the Tsarist Russian Empire.

    In 1918–1921 Kakheti was part of independent Democratic Republic of Georgia, in 1922–1936 part of Transcaucasian SFSR and in 1936–1991 part of Georgian SSR. Since the Georgian independence in 1991, Kakheti is a region in the republic of Georgia and Telavi is still its capital.

    Travel Information

    The travel infrastructure in Kakheti is fast developing, since it is the most visited region of Georgia. One can choose to stay in a guest house, in a small and comfortable hotel, or a beautiful boutique-style hotel while traveling in this region. Telavi and Signagi are the most visited towns. Signagi was renovated three years ago. Until recently there were only some family hotels (simple rooms in a family-owned house with a shared bathroom), but now Signagi features several hotels.

    Tags:Agha Mohammad Khan, Azerbaijan, Capital, Caucasus, Caucasus Mountains, Democratic Republic of Georgia, Geography, Georgia, Governor, ISO, Iran, Iranian, Kakheti, Kartli, Khan, Persia, Persian, Russian, Russian Federation, Safavid, Safavid Empire, Shah, Shah Abbas, Wikipedia


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