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    * Jeffrey Alexander Sterling *

    جغری الکساندر استرلینگ

    (Wikipedia) - Jeffrey Alexander Sterling Jeffrey A. Sterling Born Residence Nationality Ethnicity Alma mater Occupation Known for Spouse(s)
    Cape Girardeau, Missouri
    O''Fallon, Missouri
    Black, African American
    Washington University School of Law, 1992 Millikin University, 1989
    Fraud investigator (2004--his arrest in 2011) Lawyer (?--present) Former undercover CIA officer (May 14, 1993--January 31, 2002)
    Holly Sterling

    Jeffrey Alexander Sterling is an American lawyer and former CIA employee who was arrested, charged, and convicted of violating the Espionage Act for revealing details about Operation Merlin to journalist James Risen.


    Early life and education

    Sterling was born in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Sterling earned a political science degree at Millikin University in Decatur, Illinois, in 1989. In 1992, he graduated from the Washington University School of Law in St. Louis, Missouri as a Juris Doctor.

    CIA employment

    Sterling joined the CIA on May 14, 1993. In 1995, he became operations officer in the Iran task force of the CIA''s Near East and South Asia division. He held a top secret security clearance and had access to sensitive compartmented information, including classified cables, CIA informants, and operations.

    After training in Persian in 1997, he was sent first to Bonn, Germany, and two years later to New York City to recruit Iranian nationals as agents for the CIA as part of a secret intelligence operation involving Iran''s weapons capabilities. From early 1998 to May 2000, Sterling assumed responsibility as case officer for a Russian emigre with an engineering background in nuclear physics and production, which the CIA employed as a carrier to pass flawed design plans to the Iranians.

    In April 2000, Sterling filed a complaint with the CIA''s Equal Employment Office about management''s alleged racial discrimination practices. The CIA subsequently revoked Sterling''s authorization to receive or possess classified documents concerning the secret operation and placed him on administrative leave in March 2001.

    After the failure of two settlement attempts, his contract with the CIA was terminated on January 31, 2002.

    Equal Employment lawsuit

    Sterling''s lawsuit accusing CIA officials of racial discrimination was dismissed by the judge after the government successfully argued the state secrets privilege by alleging the litigation would require disclosure of classified information. The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the dismissal, ruling in 2005 that “there is no way for Sterling to prove employment discrimination without exposing at least some classified details of the covert employment that gives context to his claim.”

    Conviction under the Espionage Act

    Between 2002 and 2004, the U.S. federal government intercepted several interstate emails to and from Sterling, which were "(...) routed through a server located in the Eastern District of Virginia (...)". The authorities also traced telephone calls between Sterling and—according to a senior government official—the journalist and book author James Risen. In the intercepted communications, Sterling allegedly revealed national defense information to an unauthorized person.

    On December 22, 2010, U.S. attorney Neil H. MacBride filed an indictment against Jeffrey Alexander Sterling on the Unlawful Retention and Unauthorized Disclosure of National Defense Information, Mail Fraud, Unauthorized Conveyance of Government Property, and Obstruction of Justice. Sterling was arrested on January 6, 2011. Sterling became the fifth individual in the history of the United States who has been charged, under the Espionage Act, with mishandling national defense information.

    In a hearing at the U.S. District Court on January 14, 2011, Sterling''s defense attorney, Edward MacMahon, entered a not guilty plea. MacMahon reported to the court that he was still waiting for clearance to discuss the case in detail with his client. Rather than relying exclusively on records of electronic communications to legally establish that Sterling exchanged information with Risen, the prosecution has subpoenaed Risen to testify and reveal his journalistic sources, an effort which Risen and his attorneys are contesting.

    Sterling was convicted of espionage charges on January 26, 2015.


    Sterling earned a national 2010 Anti-Fraud Award from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association for helping break up a Medicare fraud ring, leading to estimated recoveries and savings of US $32 million.

    Tags:2015, African, American, Asia, CIA, Germany, Illinois, Iran, Iranian, James Risen, Jeffrey Alexander Sterling, Near East, New York, New York City, Persian, Russian, South Asia, Sterling, US, United States, Virginia, Washington, Wikipedia

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