• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Jamshid Amouzegar *

    جمشید آموزگار


    Pahlavi_Cabinet_Ministers.jpg
    Jamshid Amouzegar, born on June, 25 1923 was an Iranian politician during Pahlavi 2 era.Amouzegar was the Minister of Labor and then Minister of Health in the cabinet of Prime Minister Hasanali Mansour.He was the Minister of Finance in the cabinet of Amir Abbas Hoveida.In December 1975 Amouzegar was taken hostage by the Venezuelan terrorist Carlos the Jackal during an OPEC meeting. Carlos was ordered to execute him, but did not do so, and Amouzegar was released along with the other hostages after a few days.In 1976 he became chairman of the Rastakhiz party in Shah’s single party dictatorship.Amouzegar was finally appointed prime minister of Iran in August 1977 in Ramsar, succeeding his rival Amir Abbas Hoveida but he soon resigned and was replaced by Jafar Sharif-Emami. He fled to the US before the Islamic Revolution in 1979. (Wikipedia) - Jamshid Amouzegar Jamshid Amouzegar 71st Prime Minister of Iran Monarch Deputy Preceded by Succeeded by Minister of Interior Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Minister of Finance Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Leader of Rastakhiz Party Deputy Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Political party Spouse(s) Alma mater Religion Signature
    In office 7 August 1977 – 27 August 1978
    Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
    Gholam Reza Azhari
    Amir-Abbas Hoveida
    Jafar Sharif-Emami
    In office 1 March 1974 – 7 August 1977
    Amir-Abbas Hoveida
    Kamal Hassani
    Gholam Reza Azhari
    In office 1 February 1965 – 1 March 1974
    Amir-Abbas Hoveida
    Amir-Abbas Hoveida
    Hushang Ansary
    In office 7 August 1977 – 27 August 1978
    Javad Saeed
    Amir-Abbas Hoveida
    Javad Saeed
    (1923-06-25) 25 June 1923 (age 91) Tehran, Iran
    Rastakhiz Party
    Ulriche Amouzegar (1925–2005, her death)
    Cornell University
    Shia Islam

    Jamshid Amouzegar (born 25 June 1923) is an Iranian economist, artist and politician who was prime minister of Iran from 7 August 1977 to 27 August 1978 when he resigned. Prior to that, he served as the minister of interior and minister of finance in the cabinet of Amir-Abbas Hoveida. He was the leader of Rastakhiz Party during his tenure as prime minister.

    Contents

    Early life and education

    Born on 25 June 1923 in Tehran, Iran, He graduated from Tehran University with degrees in law and engineering. Then he attended Cornell University and received a PhD.

    Career

    Amouzegar began to serve as deputy minister in the Iran''s ministry of health under Jahanshah Saleh in 1955. He was appointed minister of labor and then minister of health in the cabinet led by prime minister Hasan-ali Mansour. He subsequently became minister of finance in the cabinet of Amir Abbas Hoveida after the assassination of prime minister Mansour in 1964, remaining in that post for nine years. From 1965 to 1974 he headed several ordinary meetings of the OPEC. In 1971, he and Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani of Saudi Arabia were instrumental in implementing the series of price hikes that ultimately quadrupled the price of oil and provided the resources for Iran to modernize its infrastructure, agriculture, and defense. For this accomplishment, Amouzegar was awarded the Taj-e Iran, first class, an honor normally reserved for only the prime minister and former prime ministers. He was appointed minister of interior in 1974.

    On 21 December 1975 he was taken hostage by the Venezuelan terrorist Carlos the Jackal during an OPEC meeting. Carlos was ordered to execute him, but did not do so, and Amouzegar was released along with the other hostages after a few days.

    In 1977 he became chairman of the Rastakhiz (Resurrection) party, having led the progressive faction against finance minister Hushang Ansary''s liberal constructionist faction. Soon after Jimmy Carter became president of the United States, Amouzegar was appointed prime minister of Iran on 7 August 1977, succeeding Amir Abbas Hoveyda. However, he rapidly became unpopular as he attempted to slow the overheated economy with measures that, although generally thought necessary, triggered a downturn in employment and private sector profits that would later compound the government''s problems. He resigned and was replaced by Jafar Sharif-Emami on 27 August 1978.

    As of 2013 Amouzegar resides in the United States.

    Quotes

    We Iranians were invaded by Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, and Turks, but we never lost our identity because foreign invaders would find a richer culture in Persians than that of their own.

    Gallery
    Related History Articles:

    Failed to connect to MySQL 1: Access denied for user 'foumanu'@'localhost' (using password: YES)