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    * Jameh Mosque of Isfahan *

    مسجد جامع اصفهان‎


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    (Wikipedia) - Jameh Mosque of Isfahan UNESCOWorld Heritage Site Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan Type Criteria Reference UNESCO region Inscription history Inscription
    Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
    Cultural
    ii
    1397
    Asia-Pacific
    2012 (36th Session)
    Location in Iran
    This article is about Jameh Mosque of Isfahan; for similar uses, see Jameh Mosque (disambiguation).

    The Jāmeh Mosque of Isfahān (Persian: مسجد جامع اصفهان‎ – Masjid-e-Jāmeh Isfahān) is the grand, congregational mosque (Jāmeh) of Isfahān city, within Isfahān Province, Iran. The mosque is the result of continual construction, reconstruction, additions and renovations on the site from around 771 to the end of the 20th century. The Grand Bazaar of Isfahan can be found towards the southeast wing of the mosque. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.

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    Specifications

    This is one of the oldest mosques still standing in Iran, and it was built in the four-iwan architectural style, placing four gates face to face. An iwan is a vaulted open room. The qibla iwan on the southern side of the mosque was vaulted with muqarnas during the 13th century. Muqarnas are niche-like cells.

    Construction under the Seljuqs included the addition of two brick domed chambers, for which the mosque is renowned. The south dome was built to house the mihrab in 1086–87 by Nizam al-Mulk, the famous vizier of Malik Shah, and was larger than any dome known at its time. The north dome was constructed a year later by Nizam al-Mulk''s rival Taj al-Mulk. The function of this domed chamber is uncertain. Although it was situated along the north-south axis, it was located outside the boundaries of the mosque. The dome was certainly built as a direct riposte to the earlier south dome, and successfully so, claiming its place as a masterpiece in Persian architecture for its structural clarity and geometric balance. Iwans were also added in stages under the Seljuqs, giving the mosque its current four-iwan form, a type which subsequently became prevalent in Iran and the rest of the Islamic world.

    Responding to functional needs of the space, political ambition, religious developments, and changes in taste, further additions and modifications took place incorporating elements from the Mongols, Muzzafarids, Timurids and Safavids. Of note is the elaborately carved stucco mihrab commissioned in 1310 by Mongol ruler Oljaytu, located in a side prayer hall built within the western arcade. Safavid intervention was largely decorative, with the addition of muqarnas, glazed tilework, and minarets flanking the south iwan.

    The cupolas and piers that form the hypostyle area between the iwans are undated and varied in style, endlessly modified with repairs, reconstructions and additions.

    The origins of this mosque lie in the 8th century, but it burnt down and was rebuilt again in the 11th century and went through remodeling many times. As a result it has rooms built in different architectural styles, so now the mosque represents a condensed history of the Iranian Architecture.

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    Tags:Asia, Asia-Pacific, Bazaar, Bazaar of Isfahan, Calligraphy, Grand Bazaar, Iran, Iranian, Isfahan, Islamic, Iwan, Jameh Mosque of Isfahan, Mongol, Muqarnas, Pacific, Persian, Persian architecture, Safavid, Safavids, Seljuk, Shah, Timurids, UNESCO, Wikipedia, World Heritage, World Heritage Site


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