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    * Iranians in Bahrain *

    ایرانیان در بحرین


    Iranian_Flag_Hand_Love_Heart.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Ajam of Bahrain   (Redirected from Iranians in Bahrain) Iranian Bahrainis Total population Languages Religion Related ethnic groups
    unknown
    Persian, Ajami Arabic
    Twelver Shi''a Islam
    Persians, Iranian people, Ajam of Iraq
    For the original group, see Persian people and Iranian peoples.

    Ajam of Bahrain are an ethnic group in Bahrain composed of Shia Bahraini citizens of non-Arab Iranian ancestry (mainly Persian and Lurs). There is also a substantial community of Sunni citizens of Persian ancestry, although they are not identified as Ajam.

    The Ajam are mostly bilingual in Persian and Arabic.

    Contents

    History

    Persian immigration into Bahrain has been constant for hundreds of years. There has always been a flow of Persian-speaking Shi''a into Bahrain.

    In 1910, the Persian community funded and opened a private school, Al-Ittihad school, that taught Persian amongst other subjects.

    Nasser Hussain says that many Iranians fled their native country in the early 20th century due to a law king Reza Shah issued which banned women from wearing the hijab, or because they feared for their lives after fighting the English, or to find jobs. They were coming to Bahrain from Bushere. This was between 1920 to 1940. It takes 18 hours to arrive at Bahrain by boat from Bushere.

    In the Manama Souq, many Persians were clustered in the neighborhood of Mushbir. However they resettled in other areas with the development of new towns and expansion of villages during the era of late Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa. Today, a significant amount of them are based in Muharraq''s Shia enclaves and Bahrain Island''s modernized Shia towns.

    Iranian School in Bahrain 1939Matam Al-Ajam Al-Kabeer Main article: Muharram in Bahrain

    Matam Al-Ajam Al-Kabeer (Arabic:مأتم العجم الكبير) is the first Persian Matam and the largest such matam in Bahrain. The matam was founded in Fareej el-Makharqa by Ali Kazim Bushehri, a rich Persian merchant. Himself an immigrant from the Dashti region of Iran, he organised processions, collected donations and hired orators (Arabic: خطيب‎) to speak at the matam. Construction started in 1882 as a specialized building where Ashura, a holy day in Shia Islam, would be marked with processions, ceremonial flagellation and passion plays commemorating the death of Imam Hussain. The matam is still used for this purpose.

    It was originally built with simple construction material such as palm tree trunks and leaf stalks. The matam was formally established in 1904 where it was decided that the matam would be renovated with rocks, clay and cement. Initially in the 1890s, the matam was primarily supported by Persian merchants, with two-thirds of the donation coming from the Bushehri and Safar family, respectively. For much of the 20th century, the matam had relied on yearly donations of money and land from rich and poor members of the Persian community and from waqf revenue. The matam also had an emergency relief fund that was to be distributed to the poor and to needy individuals; the matam provided financial aid and shelter to people following the collapse of the pearling market in the 1930s.

    Upon the death of Ali Kazim Bushehri in 1932, Abdul Nabi Bushehri, himself a Persian immigrant from Bushehr and a well-respected figure in the Persian community, took control of the matam. Unlike his cousin, Bushehri ran the matam with other notables of the Persian community, forming a de facto board. Upon Bushehri''s death in 1945, the board took over. In order to prevent confusion, the board appointed a board to run the matam, although there were prominent names among them Bushehri, Biljeek, Ruyan, Kazerooni and others . In 1971, an administrative board consisting of a president, vice president, secretary, treasurer and others was set up, all of whom were rich merchants.

    Culture Language

    They speak southern Persian dialects distinctive to the cities they have originated from, e.g.: Lari, tajiki kalani, lori kalani, etc. For example:

    In addition to this, many names of villages in Bahrain are derived from Persian. These names were thought to have been as a result influences during the Safavid rule of Bahrain (1501–1722) and previous Persian rule. City and Village names such as Manama, Karbabad, Salmabad, Karzakan, Samaheej, Tashan, Duraz, Barbar, Demistan, Karrana, Shakhura, Shahrekan, and Jurdab were originally derived from the Persian language, suggesting that Persians had a substantial effect on the island''s history.

    Village name Translation
    Shakhura (Arabic: شاخورة ‎) Stable of Kings
    Jurdab (Arabic: جرداب ‎) Whirlpool
    Shahrekan (Arabic: شهركان ‎) Old Town
    Salmabad (Arabic: سلماباد ‎) Inhabited Peace or Forever Peace
    Karbabad (Arabic: كرباباد‎ Derived from a plant name
    Demistan (Arabic: دمستان‎) Comes from the word Dabistan, meaning school
    Daih (Arabic: ديه‎) Village
    Karrana (Arabic: كرانه‎ The Coast
    Diraz (Arabic: دراز‎) Long
    Manama (Arabic: المنامه‎) Derived from two words, meaning I and Speech
    Samaheej (Arabic: سماهيج‎) Three fish

    The Persian language has had the biggest foreign linguistic influence on Bahraini Arabic. The indigenous Bahrani dialect of Bahrain has also borrowed many words from the Persian language. Some examples are:

    Matam Al Ajam, Fareeq Al Makharga, Manama, BahraimFood

    One of the notable local delicacies of the Persians in Bahrain is mahyawa, consumed in Southern Iran as well, is a watery earth brick coloured sauce made from sardines and consumed with bread or other food. Persians are known and are famous in Bahrain for bread-making. Another local delicacy is "pishoo" made from rose water (golab) and agar agar. Other food items consumed are similar to Persian cuisine.

    Notable people

    Tags:1882, Arab, Arabic, Ashura, Bahrain, Bushehr, Imam, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Islam, Manama, Muharram, Persian, Reza Shah, Safavid, Shah, Shia, Shia Islam, Sunni, Wikipedia


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