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سانسور اینترنت در ایران


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(Wikipedia) - In the first few years of the 21st century, Iran experienced a great surge in Internet usage, and, with 20 million people on the Internet, currently has the second highest percentage of its population online in the Middle East, after Israel. When initially introduced, the Internet services provided by the government within Iran were comparatively open. Many users saw the Internet as an easy way to get around Iran's strict press laws. A clampdown started with the election of Iranian president Mohammad Khatami, and the start of the 2nd of Khordad reform movement. It worsened with the administration of conservative president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2005. Regime opponents in Iran are said to rely heavily on Web-based communication with the outside world. Many bloggers, online activists, and technical staff have faced jail terms, harassment and abuse. In November 2006, Iran was one of 13 countries labeled "enemies of the internet" by activist group Reporters Without Borders. In March 2010, it was one of twelve regimes so labeled. Following the 2009 Iranian presidential election, the U.S. Senate ratified a plan to help curb "censorship in the Islamic Republic". The legislation dubbed the Victims of Iranian Censorship (VOICE) Act was allocated $50 million to fund measures "to counter Iranian government efforts to jam radio, satellite, and Internet-based transmissions. " Recently, the Iran government required all Iranians to register their web sites in Ministry of art and culture. They also plan to filter all other websites up to March 2007. asing. In the first few years of the 21st century, Iran experienced a great surge in Internet usage, and, with 20 million people on the Internet, currently has the second highest percentage of its population online in the Middle East, after Israel. When initially introduced, the Internet services provided by the government within Iran were comparatively open. Many users saw the Internet as an easy way to get around Iran's strict press laws. Internet censorship increased with the administration of conservative president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2005. Regime opponents in Iran are said to rely heavily on Web-based communication with the outside world.Many bloggers, online activists, and technical staff have faced jail terms, harassment and abuse. In 2006 and again in 2010, the activist group Reporters Without Borders labeled Iran one of the 12 or 13 countries it designated "Enemies of the Internet".In preparation for the March 2012 elections, the Iran government instituted strict rules on cybercafes and is preparing to launch a national Internet. It also requires all Iranians to register their web sites with the Ministry of art and culture.At the beginning of March 2012, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s Supreme Leader told Iranian authorities to set up a body to oversee the Internet. The body which is called The Supreme Council of Virtual Space will consist of the president, culture and information minister, the police and Revolutionary Guard chiefs. Their task will be to define policy and co-ordinate decisions regarding the Internet. This is thought to be the country’s authorities strongest attempt at controlling the Internet so far.Every ISP must be approved by both the Telecommunication Company of Iran (TCI) and the Ministry of Culture and I

Tags:Ahmadinejad, Ali Khamenei, Ayatollah, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Internet, Internet censorship in Iran, Iran, Iranian, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Israel, Khamenei, Khatami, Khordad, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Middle East, Mohammad Khatami, Reporters Without Borders, Senate, Supreme Leader, Telecommunication Company of Iran, Wikipedia




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