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    * Imam Jafar Sadegh *

    Imam Sadeq

    امام جعفرصادق ، امام جعفر بن محمد الصادق،امام صادق(ع)


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    Imam Sadegh (April, 24, 702 Medina – Dec, 18, 765) was a descendant of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and a prominent Muslim jurist. He is revered as an Imam by Shia Muslims and as a renowned Islamic scholar and personality by Sunni Muslims. The Shia Muslims consider him to be the sixth Imam or leader and spiritual successor to Imam Bagher. The internal dispute over who was to succeed Jafar as Imam led to schism within Shia Islam. Imam Sadegh was celebrated among his brothers and peers and stood out among them for his great personal merits. He is highly respected by both Sunni and Shia Muslims for his great Islamic scholarship, pious character, and academic contributions.Although he is perhaps most famous as the founder of Shia Islamic fiqh, known as Jafari jurisprudence, he had many other accomplishments. He was the teacher of many subsequent Muslim scholars such as the founders of both Sunni and Shia Islamic schools of jurisprudence. As well as being considered an Imam of the Shia, he is revered by the Naqshbandi Sunni Sufi chain. He was said to be a polymath: an astronomer, alchemist, Islamic scholar, Islamic theologian, writer, philosopher, physician, physicist and scientist. He was also the teacher of the famous chemist, Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber), and of Abu Ḥanifa, the founder of the Hanafi school of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence.Imam Jafar al-Sadegh was born in Medina to Umm Farwah bint Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr on 24 April 702 AD.Imam Sadegh has three titles; they are As-Sadiq, Al-Fazel, and At-Tahir. His father, Imam Mohammad al-Bagher is considered to be the fifth Shia Imam. His mother, Umm Farwa, was the grand-daughter of Mohammad ibn Abi Bakr, who was the son of Abu Bakr Siddiq, the first Rashidun Caliph in Islam as considered by Sunnis.Imam Sadegh was 34 years old when his father was poisoned upon which, according to Shia tradition; he inherited the position of Imam.Marriage and offspringJafar married Fatima Al-Hasan, a descendant of Hasan ibn Ali, who bore him two sons Ismail ibn Jafar (the Ismaili Imam-designate) and Abdullah al-Aftah.Following his wife's death Imam Sadegh purchased a slave of Berber origin named Hamidah Khatun, freed her, trained her as an Islamic scholar, and then married her. She bore Musa al-Kazem (the seventh Shia Imam) and Muhammad al-Dibaj and was revered by the Shia, especially by women, for her wisdom. She was known as Hamidah the Pure. Imam Sadegh used to send women to learn the tenets of Islam from her, and used to remark about her, "Hamidah is pure from every impurity like the ingot of pure gold." Scholarly attainmentsAs a child, Jafar Sadegh studied under his grandfather, Zaynolabedin. After his grandfather's death, he studied under and accompanied his father, Mohammad al-Bagher, until he died in 733.Jafar Sadegh lived in hard times when the Shiites were considered heretics and rebels by the Umayyad caliphs. Many of Imam Jafar Sadegh's relatives had died at the hands of the Umayyad. Shortly after his father's death, Jafar Sadegh's uncle, Zayd ibn Ali led a rebellion against the Umayyads. Jafar Sadegh did not participate, but many of his kinsmen, including his uncle, were killed, and others were punished by the Umayyad caliph. There were other rebellions during these last years of the Umayyad, before the Abbasids succeeded in grasping the caliphate and eImam Sadegh (April, 24, 702 Medina – Dec, 18, 765) was a descendant of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and a prominent Muslim jurist. He is revered as an Imam by Shia Muslims and as a renowned Islamic scholar and personality by Sunni Muslims. The Shia Muslims consider him to be the sixth Imam or leader and spiritual successor to Imam Bagher. The internal dispute over who was to succeed Jafar as Imam led to schism within Shia Islam. Imam Sadegh was celebrated among his brothers and peers and stood out among them for his great personal merits. He is highly respected by both Sunni and Shia Muslims for his great Islamic scholarship, pious character, and academic contributions.Although he is perhaps most famous as the founder of Shia Islamic fiqh, known as Jafari jurisprudence, he had many other accomplishments. He was the teacher of many subsequent Muslim scholars such as the founders of both Sunni and Shia Islamic schools of jurisprudence. As well as being considered an Imam of the Shia, he is revered by the Naqshbandi Sunni Sufi chain. He was said to be a polymath: an astronomer, alchemist, Islamic scholar, Islamic theologian, writer, philosopher, physician, physicist and scientist. He was also the teacher of the famous chemist, Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber), and of Abu Ḥanifa, the founder of the Hanafi school of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence.Imam Jafar al-Sadegh was born in Medina to Umm Farwah bint Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr on 24 April 702 AD.Imam Sadegh has three titles; they are As-Sadiq, Al-Fazel, and At-Tahir. His father, Imam Mohammad al-Bagher is considered to be the fifth Shia Imam. His mother, Umm Farwa, was the grand-daughter of Mohammad ibn Abi Bakr, who was the son of Abu Bakr Siddiq, the first Rashidun Caliph in Islam as considered by Sunnis.Imam Sadegh was 34 years old when his father was poisoned upon which, according to Shia tradition; he inherited the position of Imam.Marriage and offspringJafar married Fatima Al-Hasan, a descendant of Hasan ibn Ali, who bore him two sons Ismail ibn Jafar (the Ismaili Imam-designate) and Abdullah al-Aftah.Following his wife's death Imam Sadegh purchased a slave of Berber origin named Hamidah Khatun, freed her, trained her as an Islamic scholar, and then married her. She bore Musa al-Kazem (the seventh Shia Imam) and Muhammad al-Dibaj and was revered by the Shia, especially by women, for her wisdom. She was known as Hamidah the Pure. Imam Sadegh used to send women to learn the tenets of Islam from her, and used to remark about her, "Hamidah is pure from every impurity like the ingot of pure gold." Scholarly attainmentsAs a child, Jafar Sadegh studied under his grandfather, Zaynolabedin. After his grandfather's death, he studied under and accompanied his father, Mohammad al-Bagher, until he died in 733.Jafar Sadegh lived in hard times when the Shiites were considered heretics and rebels by the Umayyad caliphs. Many of Imam Jafar Sadegh's relatives had died at the hands of the Umayyad. Shortly after his father's death, Jafar Sadegh's uncle, Zayd ibn Ali led a rebellion against the Umayyads. Jafar Sadegh did not participate, but many of his kinsmen, including his uncle, were killed, and others were punished by the Umayyad caliph. There were other rebellions during these last years of the Umayyad, before the Abbasids succeeded in grasping the caliphate and estab

    Tags:Imam, Imam Bagher, Imam Jafar Sadegh, Imam Sadegh, Islam, Islamic, Ismaili, Khatun, Medina, Musa, Muslim, Prophet Mohammad, Rashidun, Shia, Sunni, Umayyad


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