• Login/Register
  • Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Hassan Habibi *

    حسن حبیبی

    (Wikipedia) - Hassan Habibi This article is about the politician. For the footballer, see Hassan Habibi (footballer). Hassan Ebrahim Habibi حسن ابراهیم حبیبی First Vice President of IranPresident Succeeded by Minister of Justice President Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Minister of Science President Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Minister of Culture Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Died Political party Other political affiliations Spouse(s) Religion
    In office 1 September 1989 – 11 September 2001
    Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Mohammad Khatami
    Mohammad-Reza Aref
    In office 9 March 1985 – 1 September 1989
    Ali Khamenei
    Mir-Hossein Mousavi
    Mohammad Asghari
    Esmail Shooshtari
    In office 6 October 1979 – 29 October 1981
    Abulhassan Banisadr Mohammad-Ali Rajai
    Mohammad-Ali Rajai Mohammad-Javad Bahonar Mahdavi Kani (Acting)
    Ali Shariatmadari
    Hassan Arefi
    In office 1 October 1979 – 6 November 1979
    Mehdi Bazargan
    Abbas Dozdozani
    Nasser Minachi
    (1937-01-29)29 January 1937 Tehran, Iran
    31 January 2013(2013-01-31) (aged 76) Tehran, Iran
    Executives of Construction Party (1993-2013)
    Islamic Republican Party (1979-1987) Freedom Movement (1966-1979)
    Shafigheh Rahideh

    Hassan Ebrahim Habibi (29 January 1937 – 31 January 2013) was an Iranian politician, lawyer, scholar and the head of Academy of Persian Language and Literature (from 11 October 2004 to his death in 2013). He was also a member of the High Council of Cultural Revolution. Habibi was the first vice president of the Islamic Republic of Iran.


    Early life and education

    Habibi was born on 29 January 1937. He studied sociology in France. He held a PhD in law and sociology. When he was a university student he visited Khomeini while the latter was in exile.


    Habibi was tasked by Ayatollah Khomenei to draft the prospective constitution of Iran when the latter was in exile in Paris. His version was heavily modified due to criticisms and the final text was approved by the election in November 1979.

    Following the Iranian revolution, Habibi was named public spokesman for the revolutionary council. He was among the main architects of the first draft of Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which was later passed for more discussion to an elected Assembly of Experts for Constitution. The assembly made significant changes in the original draft, e.g. by introducing the new position of "leader of the Islamic Republic" based on Khomeini''s concept of Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists, which gave almost unlimited power to the clergy. The modified version was approved in a popular referendum in 1979. In the 1980 presidential election, Habibi run for office, but received only ten percent of the vote against Banisadr''s seventy percent. Habibi was backed by Mohammad Beheshti in the election process. In the same year he won a parliamentary seat, being a representative of the Islamic Republican Party.

    Habibi served as the minister of justice under Prime Minister Mousavi. He was first vice president of Iran from 1989 to 2001, eight years under President Rafsanjani and then four years under President Khatami. He was replaced by Mohammad Reza Aref in the post in Khatami''s second term. He was also head of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature and a member of the Expediency Council.


    Habibi died on 31 January 2013. He was buried at the mausoleum of Imam Khomeini in Tehran on 1 February. The funeral service was attended by leading Iranian political figures, including former President Ahmedinejad.


    Habibi is the author of several books, including God (1981), Society, Culture, Politics (1984), Islam and the Crisis of Our Time (1984), In the Mirror Of Rights: Views Of International Rights, Comparative Rights And Sociology (1988), Seeking the Roots (editing & translation) (1994), Casework of An Ages Student (1997), One Word Out Of Thousands (2 vol.) (1998-2001) and General International Rights (2 vol.) (2003).

    Tags:Abulhassan Banisadr, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Khamenei, Assembly of Experts, Ayatollah, Bahonar, Banisadr, Bazargan, Beheshti, Constitution, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Cultural Revolution, France, Freedom Movement, Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists, Hashemi Rafsanjani, Hassan Ebrahim Habibi, Hassan Habibi, Imam, Imam Khomeini, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Islamic Republic of Iran, Islamic Republican Party, Khamenei, Khatami, Khomeini, Mahdavi Kani, Mehdi, Mehdi Bazargan, Minister of Justice, Mir, Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Mohammad Asghari, Mohammad Khatami, Mohammad Reza Aref, Mohammad-Ali Rajai, Mohammad-Javad Bahonar, Mohammad-Reza, Mousavi, Paris, Persian, PhD, Politics, President, President of Iran, Prime Minister, Rafsanjani, Revolution, Science, Shariatmadari, Tehran, Vice President of Iran, Wikipedia

    Related History Articles:

    Add definition or comments on Hassan Habibi

    Your Name / Alias:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Hassan Habibi

    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian