• Login/Register
  • Section: Culture /Monday 13th October 2014

    Alphabetic Index : A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

    Search β):

    * Haft-Seen *


    هفت سین

    7seen (Haft Sin) in Persian stands for seven "S" as the first letter of items used to set a traditional table for Norooz. The seven items in Haftsin are: 1. Seeb (Apple) : symbolizing Earth2. Sabzeh (Green sprouts of wheat, barley) symbolizing rebirth. 3. Samanoo ( sweet pudding made from wheat) - symbolizing affluence4. Senjed (dried oleaster fruit) - symbolizing love5. Sir (garlic) - symbolizing medicine6. Somagh (sumac spice) - symbolizing (the color of) sunrise7. Serkeh (vinegar) - symbolizing old-age and patienceOther items that are mostly present on Sofrey-e-Haftsin are:Sonbol (the fragrant hyacinth flower) symbol of springAyeneh (Mirror) – symbol of HeavensCandles symbol of light Golab (rose water) symbol of WaterGoldfish - symbolizing animal livesPainted Eggs - symbol of FertilitySekanjabin (Traditional syrup) for sweetness of lifeTraditional Iranian pastries such as Baghlava , Ghottab, Sohan, etcDried nuts and fruits such as berries and raisins, almonds, pistachiosA poetry or religious book, such as Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, Divan of Hafiz, Quran or AvestaThe purpose of setting such a table is for a social family gathering to pray for a peace and prosperity during Norooz celebrations of Persian New Year. (Wikipedia) - Haft-Seen
    This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2011)
    A "Haft Seen" setting in Tehran, Iran

    Haft Seen, otherwise known as Haft Sīn (Persian: هفت‌سین‎) or the seven ''S''s is a traditional table setting of Nowruz, the traditional Iranian spring celebration. The haft seen table includes seven items all starting with the letter sīn (س) in the Perso-Arabic alphabet. Haft-Seen was originally called Haftchin (Haftĉin) derived from the words Chin (چین), meaning "gather; pile up" and Haft (هفت), the number 7. The Haft Chin table includes the following items which symbolize Zoroastrian yazatas or divinities such as ātar and asmān.

    The term and therefore the original custom was changed due to the digraph Ch (چ) not being present in the Arabic language leading to its replacement by the letter S (س). The invasion of Sassanid Persia by the Umayyad Caliphate in 650 brought acculturation and cultural transformation to the local Persians. This subsequently forced the local population to adapt and replace many Zoroastrian customs and words with Arabic and Islamic concepts. "Zoroastrianism was replaced by Islam as the religion of the rulers of Iran" The Arabic language was heavily enforced upon the conquered from the local Persians and other Iranian speaking populations throughout Greater Iran and the surrounding areas. The Arab conquests dramatically changed the Middle East and North Africa in respect to language, culture, and religion. The Arabic assimilation of the Persians and other Iranian groups continued under the Abbasid Empire until the revival of the Persian language and culture by the Samanid Empire in 819 although the term and custom of Haft Chin had evolved into Haft Seen after nearly two centuries of Arab rule.

    The "Haft Chin" items are:

  • Mirror – symbolizing Sky
  • Apple – symbolizing Earth
  • Candles – symbolizing Fire
  • Golab – rose water symbolizing Water
  • Sabzeh – wheat, or barley sprouts symbolizing Plants
  • Goldfish – symbolizing Animals
  • Painted Eggs – symbolizing Humans and Fertility
  • The Haft Seen items are:

  • Sabzeh - (Persian: سبزه‎)-wheat, barley, mung bean or lentil sprouts growing in a dish - symbolizing rebirth
  • Samanu - (Persian: سمنو‎)-sweet pudding made from wheat germ - symbolizing affluence
  • Senjed - (Persian: سنجد‎)-dried oleaster Wild Olive fruit - symbolizing love
  • Sir - (Persian: سیر‎)- garlic - symbolizing medicine
  • Sib - (Persian: سیب‎)- apples - symbolizing beauty and health
  • Somāq - (Persian: سماق‎)sumac fruit - symbolizing (the color of) sunrise
  • Serkeh - (Persian: سرکه‎) - vinegar - symbolizing old-age and patience
  • Mary Boyce described a traditional Sharifabadi Zoroastrian New Years observance as including:


    Tags:7seen, Abbasid, Africa, Arab, Arabic, Caliphate, Earth, Ferdowsi, Greater Iran, Hafiz, Haft-Seen, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Islamic, Mashhad, Middle East, Norooz, Nowruz, Olive, Persia, Persian, Quran, Sabzeh, Samanid, Sassanid, Shahnameh, Tehran, Umayyad, White House, Wikipedia, Zoroastrian

    Add definition or comments on Haft-Seen

    Your Name / Alias:
    Definition / Comments
    neutral points of view
    Source / SEO Backlink:
    Anti-Spam Check
    Enter text above
    Upon approval, your definition will be listed under: Haft-Seen

    Happy Summer Sale

    Home About us / Contact    Products    Services    Iranian History Today    Top Iran Links    Iranian B2B Web Directory    Historical Glossary
    Copyright @ 2004-2016 fouman.com All Rights Iranian