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    * Ganjeh *

    Ganja

    گنجه


    Safavid_Shah_Abbas_Mosque_Ganjeh.jpg
    The name Ganjeh is driven from the Persian word ganj meaning treasure. The city existed in pre-Islamic times and was likely founded in the 5th century A.D. during the Sassanid Empire. The area in which Ganjeh is located was known as Arran from the 9th to 12th century; its urban population spoke mainly in the Persian language.Foundation of Ganjeh by Arabs is a hoax based on a legend simply because Arabic misses the first letter.Historically an important city of the South Caucasus, Ganjeh has been part of Sassanid Empire and Safavid Empire. The city went under great decline after Arab invasion and it changed hands several times during conflicts. Ganjeh was revived after the Safavids came to power. For a short period, Ganjeh was renamed Abbasabad by Shah Abbas after war against the Ottomans. He build a new city 8 km to the southwest of the old one, but the name changed back to Ganjeh during the time During the Safavid rule, it was the capital of the Karabagh beylerbey, one of the four such administrative units and principalities.[ In 1747, Ganjeh became the center of the Ganjeh Khanate.According to the October 1813 Gulistan Treaty, the Ganjeh Khanate, together with most of Azerbaijan, was recognized as part of Russian Empire after Persia's defeat in the Persia-Russia wars except Persian occupation between 1826-1827. It was renamed Elizavetpol after the wife of Alexander I of Russia, Elizabeth, and in 1868 became the capital of Elizavetpol Governorate. The Russian name was not recognized by Azerbaijanis who continued to call the city Ganjeh.In 1918, Ganjeh became the temporary capital of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, at which point it was renamed Ganjeh again, until Baku was recaptured from the British backed Centro-Caspian Dictatorship. In April 1920, the Red Army occupied Azerbaijan. In May 1920, Ganjeh was the scene of an abortive anti-Soviet rebellion, during which the city was heavily damaged by fighting between the rebels and the Red Army. In 1935, Joseph Stalin renamed the city Kirovabad after Sergei Kirov. In 1991, Azerbaijan re-established its independence, and the ancient name of the city was given back. For many years the 104th Guards Airborne Division of the Soviet Airborne Troops was based in the town.Ganjeh is the birthplace of great Persian poet Nezami Ganjavi. (Wikipedia) - Ganjeh

    Ganjeh may refer to:

    Azerbaijan Iran
    This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

    Tags:Abbasabad, Arab, Arabic, Azerbaijan, Baku, British, Caspian, Caucasus, Fars, Ganjeh, Gilan, Gulistan, Hamadan, Ilam, Iran, Isfahan, Islamic, Karabagh, Khanate, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Nezami, Ottomans, Persia, Persian, Red Army, Russia, Russian, Safavid, Safavid Empire, Safavids, Sassanid, Shah, Shah Abbas, Soviet, Stalin, Wikipedia


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