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    * Ferguson, Missouri *

    فرگوسن، میزوری


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    (Wikipedia) - Ferguson, Missouri Ferguson, Missouri City of Ferguson Country State County Municipal incorporation Government  • Mayor  • City Manager Area  • Total  • Land  • Water Elevation Population (2010)  • Total  • Estimate (2013)  • Density Time zone  • Summer (DST) ZIP code Area code FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website
    City
    Motto: Proud Past. Promising Future.
    Location within St. Louis County (left) and Missouri (right)
    Coordinates: 38°44′39″N 90°18′19″W / 38.74417°N 90.30528°W / 38.74417; -90.30528Coordinates: 38°44′39″N 90°18′19″W / 38.74417°N 90.30528°W / 38.74417; -90.30528
    United States
    Missouri
    St. Louis
    1894
    James Knowles III
    John Shaw
    6.20 sq mi (16.06 km2)
    6.19 sq mi (16.03 km2)
    0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
    502 ft (153 m)
    21,203
    21,111
    3,400/sq mi (1,300/km2)
    Central (CST) (UTC-6)
    CDT (UTC-5)
    63135
    314
    29-23986
    0756046
    fergusoncity.com

    Ferguson is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. It is part of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. The population was 21,203 at the 2010 census.

    Incorporated as a city in 1894, it gained international attention on August 9, 2014, when a young man, Michael Brown, was fatally shot by Darren Wilson, a Ferguson police officer, sparking ongoing protests and civil unrest.

    Contents

    History

    Ferguson had its start in 1855 when William B. Ferguson deeded 10 acres (4.0 ha) of land to the Wabash Railroad in exchange for a new depot and naming rights. The settlement that sprang up around the depot was called Ferguson Station. Ferguson was the first outside station connected to St. Louis.

    Ferguson was incorporated as a city in 1894.

    2014 shooting Main articles: Shooting of Michael Brown and 2014 Ferguson unrest

    On Saturday, August 9, 2014, an unarmed 18-year-old male, Michael Brown, was fatally shot by Darren Wilson, a Ferguson police officer. The incident sparked protests and acts of vandalism in Ferguson as well as worldwide calls for an investigation into the incident. On August 11, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) opened a parallel civil rights investigation into the incident, and Attorney General Eric Holder instructed the Justice Department staff to monitor the developments.

    On August 10, after a day of vigils, some of the crowd began looting businesses, vandalizing vehicles and confronting police who sought to block off access to several areas of the city. Local police stations assembled approximately 150 officers in riot gear. The following day, police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse a crowd at a QuikTrip convenience store that had been burnt out the night before. According to reports, gunshots were fired in Ferguson and five were arrested. On August 14, Missouri Governor Jay Nixon stated that the Ferguson riots were "deeply challenging" and promised "operational shifts" to ease the situation, using the Missouri State Highway Patrol to direct security.

    On Monday, August 18, National Guard troops arrived in Ferguson at the request of Governor Nixon, who also ended midnight to 5:00 a.m. curfews that had been imposed. Although some street violence continued to occur, most protesters were peaceful and at one point organized a human chain to block agitators who had thrown bottles at police. In another area, objects were thrown at police who responded with tear gas. Also on Monday, Brown''s family and Dr. Michael Baden, a former New York City medical examiner who examined Brown''s body on Sunday, released findings which showed Brown had been shot at least six times to the front of his body, that the fatal shot was fired into the top of his head and exited from the front, and that he did not appear to have been shot from very close range because no powder burns were found on his body.

    Geography

    Ferguson is located at 38°44′39″N 90°18′19″W / 38.74417°N 90.30528°W / 38.74417; -90.30528 (38.744217, -90.305391). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.20 square miles (16.06 km2), of which 6.19 square miles (16.03 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

    Demographics Historical population Census Pop.%±
    1900 1,015
    1910 1,658 63.3%
    1920 1,874 13.0%
    1930 3,798 102.7%
    1940 5,724 50.7%
    1950 11,573 102.2%
    1960 22,149 91.4%
    1970 28,759 29.8%
    1980 24,740 −14.0%
    1990 22,286 −9.9%
    2000 22,406 0.5%
    2010 21,203 −5.4%
    Est. 2013 21,111 −0.4%
    U.S. Decennial Census

    The population of Ferguson grew rapidly during the first six decades of the twentieth century, from 1,015 people in 1900 to 22,149 people in 1960, an average growth rate of 5% per year. Since 1960 the population has remained nearly constant. The racial composition of Ferguson has shifted since 1990, however. In 1990, residents of Ferguson who were identified in the U.S. Census as White comprised 73.8% of the total, while those identified as Black made up 25.1%. (The remainder, 1.1%, identified with other racial categories.) In the 2000 census, 44.7% were White and 52.4% were African American. In the 2010 census, 29.3% were White and 67.4% were African American.

    2010 census

    As of the census of 2010, there were 21,203 people, 8,192 households, and 5,500 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,425.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,322.6 /km2). There were 9,105 housing units at an average density of 1,470.9 per square mile (567.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 29.3% White, 67.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

    There were 8,192 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 31.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

    The median age in the city was 33.1 years. 28.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

    2000 census

    As of the census of 2000, there were 22,406 people, 8,612 households, and 5,838 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,620.6 people per square mile (1,397.6/km²). There were 9,191 housing units at an average density of 1,485.2 per square mile (573.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 44.8% White, 52.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, < 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

    There were 8,612 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.

    In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.

    The median income for a household in the city was $37,134 and the median income for a family was $43,303. Males had a median income of $34,710 versus $32,649 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,524. About 10.2% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.

    Economy

    The city is home to the headquarters of Emerson Electric.

    Government

    The Mayor of Ferguson is directly elected for a three-year term. Voter turnout in the most recent mayoral election was approximately 12%. | The Mayor ran unopposed. The Ferguson city council is composed of six members.

    The Ferguson Police Department is involved with the following public programs: Business Watch, Community Emergency Response Team (CERT), D.A.R.E. Program, Neighborhood Watch, School Resource Officers, Riot Patrol. The Ferguson Fire Department has two fire stations that are staffed 24 hours a day. House #1 has a pumper truck and a rescue truck, while House #2 has a pump and ladder vehicle and a reserve pumper truck.

    Education

    St. Louis Community College-Florissant Valley, which has about 8,000 students, is located in Ferguson.

    The following public schools, all part of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, are located within the city of Ferguson:

    The following private schools are located within the city of Ferguson:

    Ferguson is also home to the Challenger Learning Center – St. Louis, which provides a space education program.

    The Ferguson Municipal Public Library is one of several independent community libraries in St. Louis County and is a member of the Municipal Library Consortium of St. Louis County.

    Notable people

    This list may include persons born in the community, past residents, and current residents.

    Tags:African, American, Attorney General, Berkeley, Calcutta, Community, Demographics, Eric Holder, FBI, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Ferguson, Missouri, Geography, Governor, Latino, McDonald, Michael Brown, Native American, New York, New York City, Nixon, Pacific, Railroad, Second World War, September 11, United States, Website, Wikipedia


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