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    (Wikipedia) - Fennel For giant fennel, see Ferula communis. For sea fennel, see Crithmum. Not to be confused with Nigella sativa, also called fennel flower. Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Scientific classification Binomial name
    Fennel in flower
    Kingdom: Plantae
    (unranked): Angiosperms
    (unranked): Eudicots
    (unranked): Asterids
    Order: Apiales
    Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)
    Genus: Foeniculum Mill.
    Species: F. vulgare
    Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
    This article contains special characters. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols.

    Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the celery family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae. It is the sole species in the genus Foeniculum. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

    It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with culinary and medicinal uses and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Florence fennel or finocchio is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable.

    Fennel is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the mouse moth and the anise swallowtail.

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    Etymology and names

    The word "fennel" developed from the Middle English fenel or fenyl. This came from the Old English fenol or finol, which in turn came from the Latin feniculum or foeniculum, the diminutive of fenum or faenum, meaning "hay". The Latin word for the plant was ferula, which is now used as the genus name of a related plant.

    Cultural referencesFennel, from Koehler''s Medicinal-plants (1887)

    As Old English finule, fennel is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century.

    The Greek name for fennel is marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος), and the place of the famous battle of Marathon (whence Marathon, the subsequent sports event), literally means a plain with fennels. The word is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B form as

    Tags:Fennel, Greek, Marathon, Mediterranean, Nigella sativa, Wikipedia


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