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    * Fawzia Fuad of Egypt *

    شاهدخت فوزیه


    http://danamotor.ir/Fawzia_Fuad_of_Egypt_Queen_Fouzieh_First_Wife.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Fawzia Fuad of Egypt Fawzia Fuad Tenure Spouse Issue Full name House Father Mother Born Died Burial
    Princess of Egypt and Iran
    Queen consort of Iran
    16 September 1941 – 17 November 1948
    Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (m. 1939–div. 1948) Ismail Chirine (or Shirin) (m. 1949–d. 1994)
    Shahnaz Pahlavi Nadia Chirine Hussein Chirine
    English: Fawzia Fuad Arabic: فوزية فؤاد‎ Persian: فوزيه فؤاد‎
    Muhammad Ali dynasty (by birth) Pahlavi dynasty (by marriage)
    Fuad I of Egypt
    Nazli Sabri
    (1921-11-05)5 November 1921 Ras el-Tin Palace, Alexandria, Egypt
    2 July 2013(2013-07-02) (aged 91) Alexandria, Egypt
    Cairo, Egypt
    This article contains Persian text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols.

    Fawzia Fuad of Egypt (Persian: شاهدخت فوزیه‎, Turkish: Prenses Fevziye, Arabic: الأميرة فوزية‎) (5 November 1921 – 2 July 2013) was an Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

    She is also known as Fawzia Chirine (or Shirin), having remarried in 1949. Although her royal titles were no longer recognized by the Egyptian government after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 international protocol dictates that former monarchs and members of former ruling royal families still retain titles obtained whilst a member of a reigning monarchy. She was the oldest member of the deposed Muhammad Ali Dynasty of Albanian descent residing in Egypt. Her nephew, Fuad, who was proclaimed King Fuad II of Egypt and Sudan after the Revolution, resides in Switzerland.

    Contents

    Early life and education

    Princess Fawzia was born Her Sultanic Highness Princess Fawzia bint Fuad at Ras el-Tin Palace, Alexandria, the eldest daughter of Sultan Fuad I of Egypt and Sudan (later King Fuad I), and his second wife, Nazli Sabri on 5 November 1920. Her maternal great-grandfather was Major-General Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, who was of Turkish origin. One of her great-great-grandfathers was Suleiman Pasha, a French army officer who served under Napoleon, converted to Islam, and oversaw an overhaul of the Egyptian army.

    In addition to her sisters, Faiza, Faika, and Fathia, and her brother, Farouk, she had two half-siblings from her father''s previous marriage to Princess Shwikar Khanum Effendi. Princess Fawzia was educated in Switzerland and was fluent in English and French in addition to her native Arabic.

    Her looks were often compared to movie stars Hedy Lamarr and Vivien Leigh.

    Marriages and children First marriage

    The marriage of Princess Fawzia to Iran''s Crown Prince Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was planned by the latter''s father, Rezā Shāh. A declassified CIA report in May 1972 described the union as a political move. On the other hand, the marriage was significant in that it united a Sunni royal, the Princess, and a Shia royal, the Crown Prince.

    Princess Fawzia of Egypt and Mohammad Reza Pahlavi were engaged in May 1938. However, they saw each other only once before their wedding. They married at the Abdeen Palace in Cairo on 15 March 1939. When they returned to Iran the wedding ceremony was repeated at Marble Palace, Tehran, which was also their future residence.

    Following the marriage, the Princess was granted Iranian nationality. Two years later the crown prince succeeded his exiled father and was to become the Shah of Iran. Soon after her husband’s ascent to the throne, Queen Fawzia appeared on the cover of the 21 September 1942, issue of Life magazine, photographed by Cecil Beaton, who described her as an "Asian Venus" with "a perfect heart-shaped face and strangely pale but piercing blue eyes." She led the newly founded Association for the Protection of Pregnant Women and Children (APPWC) in Iran.

    With Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi she had one child, a daughter:

    The marriage was not a success. Queen Fawzia (the title of empress was not yet used in Iran at that time) moved to Cairo in May 1945 and obtained an Egyptian divorce. The reason for her return was that she viewed Tehran underdeveloped in contrast to modern, cosmopolitan Cairo. In addition, she had difficult times due to infidelity of the shah and suffered malaria and depression. She consulted an American psychiatrist in Baghdad for her troubles shortly before she left Tehran. On the other hand, CIA reports claim that Princess Fawzia ridiculed and humiliated the Shah due to his impotence, leading to their separation. In her book Ashraf Pahlavi, twin sister of the Shah, argues that it was the Princess not the Shah who asked for divorce.

    This divorce was first not recognized for several years by Iran, but eventually an official divorce was obtained in Iran, on 17 November 1948, with Queen Fawzia successfully reclaiming her previous distinction of Princess of Egypt as well. A major condition of the divorce was that her daughter be left behind to be raised in Iran. Incidentally, Queen Fawzia’s brother, King Farouk, also divorced his first wife, Queen Farida, in November 1948.

    In the official announcement of the divorce, it was stated that “the Persian climate had endangered the health of Empress Fawzia, and that thus it was agreed that the Egyptian King’s sister be divorced.” In another official statement, the Shah said that the dissolution of the marriage “cannot affect by any means the existing friendly relations between Egypt and Iran.” After her divorce Princess Fawzia headed the Egyptian court.

    GallerySecond marriagePrincess Fawzia with Ismail Shirin.

    On 28 March 1949, at the Koubba Palace in Cairo, Princess Fawzia married Colonel Ismail Chirine (or Shirin) (1919–1994), who was the eldest son of Husain Chirine Bey and his wife, HH Princess Amina Bihruz Khanum Effendi. He was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and a one-time Egyptian minister of war and the navy. Following the wedding they lived in an estate owned by the Princess in Maadi, Cairo. They also resided in a villa in Smouha, Alexandria.

    They had two children, one daughter and one son:

    Later life and death

    Fawzia lived in Egypt after the 1952 revolution that toppled King Farouk. Princess Fawzia’s death was mistakenly reported in January 2005. Journalists had confused her with her niece, Princess Fawzia Farouk (1940–2005), one of the three daughters of King Farouk. In her later life, Princess Fawzia lived in Alexandria, Egypt, where she died on 2 July 2013 at the age of 91. Funeral ceremony was held after noon prayers at Sayeda Nafisa Mosque in Cairo on 3 July. She was buried in Cairo next to her second husband.

    Titles, styles and honours Titles and styles from birth Styles of Princess Fawzia of Egypt and of Iran Reference style Spoken style Alternative style
    Her Imperial & Royal Highness
    Your Imperial & Royal Highness
    Ma''am
    Honours Legacy

    A town in Egypt, Fawziabad, was named for Princess Fawzia in 1939. A street in Maadi, Cairo, was again named for her in 1950 as Amira Fawzia street, but in 1956 it was renamed as Mustafa Kamel street.

    Ancestry

    Princess Fazia was of Albanian, Circassian, and French descent; the Egyptian royal family is not ethnically Egyptian. Princess Fawzia was a member of the Muhammad Ali dynasty, a family of Albanian origin.

    Ancestors of Fawzia Fuad of Egypt
                                     
      16. Muhammad Ali Pasha, Wāli of Egypt
     
             
      8. Ibrahim Pasha, Wāli of Egypt  
     
                   
      17. Amina Nosratli
     
             
      4. Isma''il Pasha, Khedive of Egypt  
     
                         
      9. Hoshiar Walda  
     
                   
      2. Fuad I, King of Egypt  
     
                               
      5. Ferial Hanem  
     
                         
      1. Princess Fawzia of Egypt  
     
                                     
      6. Abdel Rahim Sabri Pasha, Governor of Cairo  
     
                         
      3. Nazli Sabri  
     
                               
      28. Muhammad Said, Qadi of Mecca
     
             
      14. Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt  
     
                   
      7. Tewfika Hanim  
     
                         
      30. Joseph Anthelme Sève (Suleiman Pasha)
     
             
      15. Nazli Hanim  
     
                   
      31. Mariam Hanim
     
             

    Tags:Alexandria, American, Arabic, Ashraf, Ashraf Pahlavi, Baghdad, Bey, CIA, Cairo, Cambridge, Crown Prince, Dynasty, Egypt, Egyptian, Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, French, Governor, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Khorshid, Life, Marble Palace, Marriage, Mecca, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Shah, Napoleon, Niavaran, Pahlavi, Persian, Prime Minister, Revolution, Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, Second World War, Shah, Shah of Iran, Shahnaz, Shia, Sudan, Sultan, Sun, Sunni, Switzerland, Tehran, Turkish, Venus, Wikipedia


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