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    * Dushanbe *

    Душанбе

    دوشنبه (تاجیکستان)


    http://danamotor.ir/Ismail_Samani-Dushanbe.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Dushanbe Dushanbe Country Government  • Mayor Area  • City Elevation Population (2014)  • City  • Density  • Metro Time zone  • Summer (DST) Website
    View of Presidential Palace
    Seal
    DushanbeLocation of Dushanbe in Tajikistan
    Coordinates: 38°32′12″N 68°46′48″E / 38.53667°N 68.78000°E / 38.53667; 68.78000Coordinates: 38°32′12″N 68°46′48″E / 38.53667°N 68.78000°E / 38.53667; 68.78000
     Tajikistan
    Mahmadsaid Ubaydulloyev
    124.6 km2 (48.1 sq mi)
    706 m (2,316 ft)
    778,500
    6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
    1 051 200
    Tajikistan Time (UTC+5)
    Tajikistan Time (UTC+5)
    www.dushanbe.tj

    Dushanbe (Tajik: Душанбе) (Persian: Parona) is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan, situated in the western part of the country near the border with Uzbekistan. Dushanbe means "Monday" in the Tajik language,. It was so named because it grew from a village that originally had a popular market on Mondays. Until 1929, the city was known in Russian as Dyushambe (Russian: Дюшамбе), and from 1929 to 1961 as Stalinabad (Tajik: Сталинобод). As of 2014, Dushanbe has a population of 778,500.

    Contents

    History See also: Timeline of Dushanbe history

    Situated at the confluence of two rivers, Varzob and Kofarnihon, Dushanbe is the capital of Tajikistan. Although archaeological remnants dating to the 5th century BC have been discovered in the area, there is little to suggest that Dushanbe was more than a small village until the early 20th century. In 1920, the last Emir of Bukhara briefly took refuge in Dushanbe (then called Dyushambe) after being overthrown by the Bolshevik revolution. He fled to Afghanistan after the Red Army conquered the area the next year.

    Monument of Amir Ismail Samani.

    Dushanbe, which means "Monday" in Tajik, developed on the site of a Monday marketplace village, Dyushambe-Bozor, and its former name Dyushambe was a Russified version of the word meaning "Monday" in Tajik (du-shanbe from du two + shanbe Saturday, lit. "second day after Saturday").

    The Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic was created in 1929, and following that event the city of Dushanbe developed at a rapid pace.

    The city was renamed as Stalinabad between 1931 and 1961.

    The Soviets transformed the area into a centre for cotton and silk production, and tens of thousands of people relocated to the city. The population also increased with thousands of Tajiks migrating to Tajikistan following the transfer of Bukhara and Samarkand to the Uzbek SSR.

    Severe rioting occurred in February 1990, after it was rumored that Moscow planned to relocate tens of thousands of Armenian refugees to Tajikistan. The Dushanbe riots were primarily fueled by concerns about housing shortages for the Tajik population, but they coincided with a wave of nationalist unrest that swept Transcaucasia and other Central Asian states during the twilight of Gorbachev''s era.

    Climate

    Dushanbe features a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa), with some continental climate influences (Köppen: Dsa). The summers are hot and dry and the winters are chilly, but not very cold. The climate is damper than other Central Asian capitals, with an average annual rainfall over 500 millimetres (20 in) as moist air is funnelled by the surrounding valley during the winter and spring. Winters are not as cold as further north owing to the shielding of the city by mountain from extremely cold air from Siberia. January 2008 was particularly cold, and the temperature dropped to −22 °C (−8 °F).

    Climate data for Dushanbe Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Record low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches) Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) Mean monthly sunshine hours
    21.1 (70) 22.8 (73) 27.8 (82) 32.2 (90) 37.8 (100) 40.0 (104) 42.2 (108) 40.0 (104) 37.2 (99) 32.8 (91) 25.0 (77) 20.0 (68) 42.2 (108)
    9.4 (48.9) 10.6 (51.1) 15.6 (60.1) 20.6 (69.1) 26.1 (79) 32.8 (91) 35.6 (96.1) 34.4 (93.9) 30.0 (86) 23.3 (73.9) 15.6 (60.1) 10.6 (51.1) 22.1 (71.8)
    2.1 (35.8) 3.8 (38.8) 9.2 (48.6) 15.4 (59.7) 20 (68) 25.3 (77.5) 27.1 (80.8) 24.9 (76.8) 20.1 (68.2) 14.3 (57.7) 8.9 (48) 4.8 (40.6) 14.66 (58.38)
    −0.6 (30.9) 1.7 (35.1) 5.6 (42.1) 9.4 (48.9) 13.3 (55.9) 17.8 (64) 19.4 (66.9) 17.2 (63) 12.8 (55) 7.8 (46) 3.3 (37.9) 0.6 (33.1) 9.0 (48.2)
    −22 (−8) −16 (3) −10 (14) 0.0 (32) 6.1 (43) 11.1 (52) 13.9 (57) 10.0 (50) 3.9 (39) −2.2 (28) −6.1 (21) −18 (0) −22 (−8)
    66.3 (2.61) 75.4 (2.969) 107.5 (4.232) 105.0 (4.134) 66.0 (2.598) 5.5 (0.217) 3.2 (0.126) 0.5 (0.02) 3.1 (0.122) 30.6 (1.205) 44.7 (1.76) 59.8 (2.354) 567.6 (22.347)
    8.5 9.1 13.4 9.8 7.8 1.5 0.7 0.1 0.8 3.7 5.3 8.1 68.8
    120.9 121.5 155.0 198.0 282.1 336.0 353.4 337.9 288.0 223.2 165.0 117.8 2,698.8
    Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial
    Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory
    EconomyPuppet theatre

    Tajik Air has its head office on the grounds of Dushanbe Airport in Dushanbe. Somon Air has its head office in Dushanbe.

    Main sights EducationTajik State National University.

    A number of educational facilities are based in Dushanbe:

    Transport

    The city is served by Dushanbe International Airport which as of June 2014, had regularly scheduled flights to such major cities as Almaty, Baku, Bishkek, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Kabul, Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Sharjah, Tehran, and Ürümqi amongst others. Tajikistan''s principle railways are in the southern region and connect Dushanbe with the industrial areas of the Gissar and Vakhsh valleys and with Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Russia. The Dushanbe trolleybus system operates public buses in the city. Automobiles are the main form of transportation in the country and as of 2014 many highway and tunnel construction projects are underway or have recently been completed. Major projects include rehabilitation of the Dushanbe – Chanak (Uzbek border), Dushanbe – Kulma (Chinese border), Kurgan-Tube – Nizhny Pyanj (Afghan border) highways and construction of tunnels under the mountain passes of Anzob, Shakhristan, Shar-Shar and Chormazak.

    Demographics

    The population of Dushanbe:

    Population of Dushanbe Year Population 1926 1936 1956 1971 1987 1991 2002 2006 2008 2014
    6,000
    83,000
    227,000
    388,000
    796,000
    582,000
    579,000
    661,000
    679,400
    779,000
    DistrictsDistricts of Dushanbe

    Dushanbe is divided into the following districts:

  • Avicenna (Tajik: Абӯалӣ ибни Сино, Abūalī ibni Sino)
  • Ferdowsi (Tajik: Фирдавсӣ, Firdavsī)
  • Ismail Samani (Tajik: Исмоили Сомонӣ, Ismoili Somonī)
  • Shah Mansur (Tajik: Шоҳмансур, Shohmansur)
  • International relationsThe Palace of Unity (Vahdat Palace).See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Tajikistan Twin towns – Sister cities

    Dushanbe is twinned with:

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