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    * Carl Jung *

    Carl Gustav Jung

    کارل گوستاو یونگ


    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Jung_1910-crop.jpg
    (Wikipedia) - Carl Jung "Jung" redirects here. For other uses, see Jung (disambiguation). Carl Jung Born Died Residence Citizenship Fields Institutions Alma mater Doctoral advisor Known for Influences Influenced Spouse
    Jung in 1910
    Carl Gustav Jung (1875-07-26)26 July 1875 Kesswil, Thurgau, Switzerland
    6 June 1961(1961-06-06) (aged 85) Küsnacht, Zurich, Switzerland
    Switzerland
    Swiss
    Psychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy, analytical psychology
    Burghölzli, Swiss Army (as a commissioned officer in World War I)
    University of Basel
    Eugen Bleuler
    Analytical psychology, typology, Collective unconscious, the complex, the archetype, Anima and animus, synchronicity
    Eugen Bleuler, Freud, Nietzsche, Schopenhauer,
    Joseph Campbell, Hermann Hesse, Erich Neumann
    Emma Jung
    Signature

    Carl Gustav Jung (/jʊŋ/; German: ; 26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961), often referred to as C. G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of extraversion and introversion; archetypes, and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion, philosophy, archeology, anthropology, literature, and related fields. He was a prolific writer, though many of his works were not published until after his death.

    The central concept of analytical psychology is individuation—the psychological process of integrating the opposites, including the conscious with the unconscious, while still maintaining their relative autonomy. Jung considered individuation to be the central process of human development.

    Jung created some of the best known psychological concepts, including the archetype, the collective unconscious, the complex, and synchronicity. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), a popular psychometric instrument, was developed from Jung''s theory of psychological types.

    Jung saw the human psyche as "by nature religious" and made this religiousness the focus of his explorations. Jung is one of the best known contemporary contributors to dream analysis and symbolization.

    Though he was a practising clinician and considered himself to be a scientist, much of his life''s work was spent exploring tangential areas such as Eastern and Western philosophy, alchemy, astrology, and sociology, as well as literature and the arts. Jung''s interest in philosophy and the occult led many to view him as a mystic, although his ambition was to be seen as a man of science. His influence on popular psychology, the "psychologization of religion", spirituality and the New Age movement has been immense.

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