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    * Cappadocia *

    Kapadokya

    کاپادوکیه


    Anatolia_Ancient_Map_Lydia_Caria_Mysia_Phrygia.jpg
    Ancient Asia Minor district in valley of the upper Kızıl Irmak in modern Turkey (capital Caesarea Mazaca)Cappadocia is a mountainous area located in modern-day Turkey; Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age, and was the homeland of the Hittite power centered at Hattusa. After the fall of the Hittite Empire and their defeat by the Lydian king Croesus in the 6th century BC, Cappadocia was ruled by a sort of feudal aristocracy, dwelling in strong castles and keeping the peasants in a servile condition, which later made them apt for foreign slavery. Cappadocia was included in the third Persian satrapy in the division established by Dariush The Great, but continued to be governed by rulers of its own, none apparently supreme over the whole country and all more or less tributaries of the Great King.Cappadocia became a semi-independent kingdom under Ariarathes I, a contemporary of Alexander the Great. Important as a Roman ally and client, it was annexed by the emperor Tiberius in AD 17 and made a Roman province. With its command over strategic passes in the Taurus Mountains, the area was a bulwark of the Byzantine Empire until the 11th century.Following the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, various Turkish clans under the leadership of the Seljuks began settling in Anatolia. With the rise of Turkish power in Anatolia, Cappadocia slowly became a tributary to the Turkish states that were established to the east and to the west, and some of the population converted to Islam. By the end of the early 12th century, Anatolian Seljuks had established their sole dominance over the region. (Wikipedia) - Cappadocia "Cappadocian" redirects here. For other uses, see Cappadocia (disambiguation) and Cappadocian (disambiguation).
    Ancient Region of Anatolia Cappadocia
    Above: Mount Aktepe near Göreme and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
    Location Central Anatolia Region, Turkey 38°39′30″N 34°51′13″E / 38.65833°N 34.85361°E / 38.65833; 34.85361
    State existed: Quasi-independent in various forms until 17 AD
    Historical capitals Mazaca
    Roman province Cappadocia
    UNESCO World Heritage Site Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia Type Criteria Reference UNESCO region Inscription history Inscription
    Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
    Mixed
    i, iii, v, vii
    357
    Europe and North America
    1985 (9th Session)
    Part of a series on the History of Turkey
    Prehistory
    • Prehistory of Anatolia
    Palaeolithic Anatolia c. 500,000–  10,000 BC
    Mesolithic Anatolia c. 11,000–  9,000 BC
    Neolithic Anatolia c. 8,000–  5,500 BC
    Bronze Age
    Troy 3000–700 BC
    Hattians 2500–2000 BC
    Akkadian Empire 2400–2150 BC
    Luvia 2300–1400 BC
    Assyria 1950–1750 BC
    Achaeans (Homer) 1700–1300 BC
    Kizzuwatna 1650–1450 BC
    Hittites 1680–1220 BC
    Arzawa 1500–1320 BC
    Mitanni 1500–1300 BC
    Hayasa-Azzi 1500–1290 BC
    Lycia 1450–350 BC
    Assuwa 1300–1250 BC
    Diauehi 1200–800 BC
    Neo-Hittites 1200–800 BC
    Phrygia 1200–700 BC
    Caria 1150–547 BC
    Tuwanuwa 1000–700 BC
    Ionia 1000–545 BC
    Urartu 859–595/585 BC
    Classical Age
    • Classical Anatolia
    • Classical Thrace
    Lydia 685–547 BC
    Achaemenid Empire 559–331 BC
    Kingdom of Alexander the Great 334–301 BC
    Kingdom of Cappadocia 322-130 BC
    Antigonids 306–168 BC
    Seleucid Empire 305–64 BC
    Kingdom of Pontus 302–64 BC
    Bithynia 297–74 BC
    Kingdom of Pergamon 282–129 BC
    Galatia 281–64 BC
    Armenian Empire 190 BC–428 AD
    Roman Republic 133–27 BC
    Kingdom of Commagene 163 BC–72 AD
    Roman Empire 27 BC–330 AD
    Sassanian Empire 224–651 BC
    Medieval Age
    • Medieval Anatolia
    Byzantine Empire 330–1453
    Rashidun Caliphate 637–656
    Great Seljuk State 1037–1194
    Danishmends 1071–1178
    Anatolian beyliks 1081-1423
    Sultanate of Rum 1077–1307
    Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia 1078–1375
    County of Edessa 1098–1150
    Artuqids 1101–1409
    Empire of Trebizond 1204–1461
    Empire of Nicaea 1204–1261
    Latin Empire 1204–1261
    Ilkhanate 1256–1335
    Kara Koyunlu 1375–1468
    Ak Koyunlu 1378–1501
    Ottoman Empire
    Rise 1299–1453
    Growth 1453–1606
    Stagnation 1606–1699
    Decline 1699–1792
    Dissolution 1792–1923
    Republic of Turkey
    • Periods of Turkey
    War of Independence 1919–1922
    Provisional government 1920–1923
    Single-party period 1923–1930 1930–1945
    Multi-party period 1945–present
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    Cappadocia (/kæpəˈdoʊʃə/; also Capadocia; Turkish: Kapadokya, from Greek: Καππαδοκία Kappadokía, from Ancient Greek: Καππαδοκία, from Old Persian:

    Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Ak Koyunlu, Akkadian, Alexander the Great, Anatolia, Anatolian, Armenian, Asia, Asia Minor, Assyria, Bithynia, Bronze Age, Byzantine, Byzantine Empire, Caliphate, Cappadocia, Caria, Cilicia, Croesus, Dariush, Edessa, Europe, Galatia, Greek, Hittite, Hittites, Ilkhanate, Ionia, Islam, Kara Koyunlu, Lycia, Lydia, Manzikert, North America, Old Persian, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Palaeolithic, Persian, Phrygia, Prehistory, Rashidun, Roman, Sassanian, Seleucid, Seljuk, Taurus, Thrace, Tiberius, Trebizond, Troy, Turkey, Turkish, Turks, UNESCO, Wikipedia, World Heritage, World Heritage Site


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