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    * Camp Bastion *

    کمپ باستیون


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    (Wikipedia) - Camp Bastion Camp Bastion

    Coordinates Site information Owner Operator Website Site history Built In use Garrison information Current commander Occupants Airfield information Identifiers Elevation: Direction Length and surface Number Length and surface
    Near Gereshk, Helmand Province in Afghanistan
    U.S. Marine Corps Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion helicopter in 2013
    OAZIShown within Afghanistan
    31°51′24″N 064°13′15″E / 31.85667°N 64.22083°E / 31.85667; 64.22083Coordinates: 31°51′24″N 064°13′15″E / 31.85667°N 64.22083°E / 31.85667; 64.22083
    International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)
    British Armed Forces
    Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation - Bastion
    2006 (2006)
    2006-Present
    RAF Group Captain Tony Innes, Commander Bastion and Commanding Officer 903 Expeditionary Air Wing.
    • British Armed Forces
    • United States Armed Forces
    • Afghan National Army
    • Tonga Defence Services (until 28 April 2014)
    • Estonian Military (until 9 May 2014)
    • Danish Defence (until 20 May 2014)
    IATA: OAZ, ICAO: OAZI,
    855 metres (2,805 ft) AMSL
    Runways
    01/19 3,500 metres (11,483 ft) Concrete/Asphalt
    Helipads
    01/19 200 metres (656 ft) Concrete
    Garrison of 5,000–12,000 troops. Up to 28,000 troops.

    Camp Bastion is the main British military base in Afghanistan. Accommodating 28,000 people, it is situated northwest of Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand Province, and exists to be the logistics hub for operations in Helmand. It is the largest British overseas military camp built since the Second World War.

    Built in early 2006 by personnel from 39 Engineer Regiment Royal Engineers and various contracting firms, all under the supervision of 62 Works Group Royal Engineers, the camp is situated in a remote desert area, far from population centres. Four miles long by two miles wide, it has a busy airfield and a field hospital and originally had full accommodation for the 2000 men and women.

    The base is home to a number of nations including the United Kingdom, the United States of America and Tonga.

    Bastion also adjoins Camp Leatherneck (US) (which also contains Camp Tombstone) and the Afghan National Army (ANA) Camp Shorabak.

    In November 2006, Tony Blair visited Camp Bastion, and, while addressing a gathering of British troops, described it as an "extraordinary piece of desert ... where the fate of world security in the early 21st century is going to be decided".

    In May 2013 the BBC obtained documents showing that up to 85 Afghan nationals were being detained at Camp Bastion. Philip Hammond, the defence secretary, has confirmed that the UK is holding "80 or 90 Afghan detainees" at the base. The Ministry of Defence maintains the detention of the Afghans is legal.

    Contents

    History

    Camp Bastion was built in early 2006 by 39 Engineer Regiment from the Royal Engineers. The camp was specifically in a remote desert area far from population which allows clear vision to spot attackers and originally had full accommodation for the 2000 men and women.

    The bases name is derived from the company that provided the bomb-proof bags used to define the camps boundaries; Hesco Bastion.

    The first camp to be built inside Camp Bastion was Camp 251 which housed the construction force and they were housed in tents.

    The base is divided into a number of different sections (Bastions). Bastion 1 and 2 were the first sections with Bastion 2 containing Camp Barber (US) and Camp Viking (DK), Bastion 0 was added in around 2010 and houses the contractors and Bastion 3 is used for in-theatre training.

    As of September 2014 it was reported that both Bastion 2 & 3 have been reverted to desert.

    According to the Royal Air Force, Camp Bastion includes Bastion Airfield, Bastion Garrison and Camp Leatherneck.

    During June 2011 a brand new air traffic control tower was opened.

    During August 2013 the Headquarters of Task Force Helmand moved from Lashkar Gah to Bastion.

    In February 2014, snow fell in Camp Bastion for the first time since the base was established, eight years earlier.

    By March 2014, the population of the camp had reduced to 4,000 UK service personnel, as preparations were well-underway for UK military withdrawal from Helmand.

    Accidents and incidents Main article: September 2012 Camp Bastion raid

    The base has been attacked several times including on 14 September 2012, when two United States Marine Corps (USMC) service personnel were killed and six USMC McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier IIs were destroyed and two were "significantly damaged." Three refuelling stations were also destroyed, with six soft-skin aircraft hangars damaged. Of the 15 Taliban attackers, 14 were killed and 1 captured.

    Current use

    Camp Bastion airfield and heliport handles 600 fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft movements every day, operating combat, medical and logistics flights. Its air traffic controllers are integral to the support of the UK''s operations in southern Afghanistan and the Air Traffic Control Squadron at Camp Bastion is the first to recruit and train US Marines to UK air traffic control standards.

    In 2013, the British opened a training school for Afghan troops at Camp Bastion, as part of their exit from Afghanistan strategy.

    Operational units

    Bastion Airfield

    An ambulance waits to receive a casualty from a Chinook on the helipad.

    British Armed Forces

    United States Armed Forces

    Bastion Garrison:

    Newly arrived soldiers listen to a briefing in 2012

     United Kingdom

    Multi national

    HospitalAn MRI machine is set up at the Role 3 Medical Facility

    Camp Bastion''s Hospital is operated by regular and reserve personnel of the British Army, Royal Navy, and Royal Air Force of the Joint Force Medical Group, as well as medical assets from the US Army. Medical staff include Orthopaedic Surgeons, General Surgeons, Anaesthetists, Nurses and Medics. The hospital is the location to which wounded military personnel from the British, US and other ISAF forces in Helmand Province are evacuated from the battlefield for treatment, supported by US Army, Navy, and Air Force medics, or from which they are further evacuated to the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham. Afghan nationals are also treated at the hospital in many circumstances including accidental injuries and road traffic collisions.

    Future

    In September 2014 it was reported that the significantly reduced base would be handed over to the Afghan Government.

    In popular culture

    Camp Bastion has been featured in several documentaries, often focusing on medical evacuations.

    Tags:Afghan, Afghanistan, Armed, BBC, Birmingham, Boeing, British, Camp Bastion, Helmand, Hospital, ICAO, ISAF, Islamic, Islamic Republic, McDonnell, McDonnell Douglas, Ministry of Defence, Philip Hammond, Queen Elizabeth, RAF, Royal Air Force, Second World War, Taliban, Tony Blair, UK, US, United Kingdom, United States, Viking, Website, Wikipedia


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