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  • Section: Herbalism /Sunday 12th October 2014

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    * Caesalpinia *

    گل ابریشم


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    (Wikipedia) - Caesalpinia Caesalpinia Scientific classification Type species Species Synonyms
    Caesalpinia pulcherrima
    Kingdom: Plantae
    (unranked): Angiosperms
    (unranked): Eudicots
    (unranked): Rosids
    Order: Fabales
    Family: Fabaceae
    Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
    Tribe: Caesalpinieae
    Genus: Caesalpinia L.
    Caesalpinia brasiliensis L.

    See text.

    Biancaea Tod. Brasilettia (DC.) Kuntze Denisophytum R.Vig. Poinciana L. Ticanto Adans.

    Caesalpinia sappan

    Caesalpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. Membership within the genus is controversial, with different publications including anywhere from 70 to 165 species, depending largely on the inclusion or exclusion of species alternately listed under genera such as Hoffmannseggia. It contains tropical or subtropical woody plants. The generic name honors the botanist, physician and philosopher Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603).

    The name Caesalpinaceae at family level, or Caesalpinioideae at the level of subfamily, is based on this generic name.

    Contents

    Selected species Formerly placed here
    • Balsamocarpon brevifolium Clos (as C. brevifolia (Clos) Benth.)
    • Conzattia multiflora (B.L.Rob.) Standl. (as C. multiflora B.L.Rob.)
    • Haematoxylum dinteri (Harms) Harms (as C. dinteri Harms)
    • Hoffmanseggia drepanocarpa A.Gray (as C. drepanocarpa (A.Gray) Fisher)
    • Hoffmannseggia drummondii Torr. & A.Gray (as C. drummondii (Torr. & A.Gray) Fisher)
    • Hoffmannseggia microphylla Torr. (as C. virgata Fisher)
    • Hoffmannseggia repens (Eastw.) Cockerell (as C. repens Eastw.)
    • Hoffmannseggia viscosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Hook. & Arn. (as C. viscosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Fisher)
    • Moullava spicata (Dalzell) Nicolson (as C. spicata Dalzell)
    • Parkinsonia praecox subsp. praecox (as C. praecox Ruiz & Pav.)
    • Peltophorum acutifolium (J.R.Johnst.) J. R. Johnst. (as C. acutifolia J.R.Johnst.)
    • Peltophorum dasyrhachis (Miq.) Kurz (as C. dasyrhachis Miq.)
    • Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub. (as C. dubia Spreng.)
    • Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) Backer ex K. Heyne (as C. ferruginea Decne. and C. inermis Roxb.)
    • Pomaria rubicunda (Vogel) B.B.Simpson & G.P.Lewis (as C. rubicunda (Vogel) Benth.)
    • Stahlia monosperma (Tul.) Urb. (as C. monosperma Tul.)
    Uses

    Some species are grown for their ornamental flowers. Brazilwood (C. echinata) is the source of a historically important dye called brazilin and of the wood for violin bows. Guayacaú Negro (C. paraguariensis) is used for timber in several Latin American countries, especially Argentina and Paraguay. Commercially it is marketed as Argentinian Brown Ebony, mistakenly as Brazilian Ebony, and as a family group as Partidgewood. End use for this timber is typically high-end exotic hardwood flooring, cabinetry and turnings.

    Caesalpinia pluviosa is being investigated as a possible antimalarial medication.

    Tags:American, Argentina, Asia, Bolivia, Brazil, Caesalpinia, Central America, Hawaii, India, Mexican, Mexico, Namibia, Paraguay, Peru, Southeast Asia, Vietnam, Wikipedia


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