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(Wikipedia) - Blogging in Iran operates under special circumstances because the government restricts certain views. Blogs in general tend to be unregulated compared to other forms of expression in Iranian society. This characteristic can account for the huge popularity of blogs especially among Iranian youths. As of October 2005, there are estimated to be about 700,000 Iranian blogs (out of an estimated total of 100 million worldwide, of which about 40,000-110,000 are active, mostly written in Persian, the Iranian language). There are also many weblogs written by Iranians in English and other languages. Most of them, though, belong to expatriates who live in North America, Europe, Japan, etc. Iran is the third-largest country of bloggers in the world after the United States and China. With more than 700,000 Persian blogs, mostly based in Iran, the Persian language is ranked as the second-most-popular language in the entire blogosphere. History Early 2001 was the beginning of emergence of a blogging culture, which rapidly developed. the Iranian government, which had strict controls in place for the print media and had shut down as many as 100 print newspapers. Iran has been listed consistently as among the bottom countries in violation of freedom of the press by Reporters without Borders. Yet the internet provided a new means for widespread readership which was,up until 2004, was mostly unregulated, providing an outlet for mostly youth to express themselves freely. In 2009, due to the contentious nature of the presidential elections, and the rise of the green party movement, internet crackdowns have become far more strict. Nonetheless, as of 2009, according to the CIA world factbook, 8.214 million internet users in Iran, ranked 35th in the world. Blogs range from updates on art and critiquing movies, to following injustices of political prisoners. Diasporic Persian and Iranian blogs have also become a trend as a means to be part of an international online community. Blogs may be used as a virtual means of social protest without assembly, such as when thousands of bloggers renamed their blogs Akbar Ganji for a week in 2005, in support of the arrested critic of the regime. Hossien Derakhshan, the unofficial “godfather” of the blogosphere, set his up in Canada in September 2001. He was later arrested. In 2011, Iranian Authorities have executed and imprisoned more journalists and bloggers than any other countries, more than 600 people in one year. Scope The broad usage of weblogs in Iran was staggering. As of 2004, the NITLE blog census found the number of blogs in Persian to surpass 64,000. Some believe that the nature of these blogs have been exaggerated, in that they only represent the upper and upper middle class. Due however to the nature of the education system in Iran, larger amounts of lower-class people have access to education and therefore new technologies, computers and the internet as a whole. There are more Iranian blogs than there are Spanish, German, Italian, Chinese, or Russian blogs. It has by far the largest amount of bloggers of any country in the region. Nearly 38% of the population regularly accesses the internet. Appeal Blogs often give a sense of anonymity. Political importance Blogging in Iran took on political importance as the regime continued its crackdown on journalists. The Iranian press is highly regulated, especially under the Press Law, which according to t

Tags:Blogging in Iran, CIA, Canada, China, German, Iran, Iranian, Japan, Persian, Press Law, Russian, United States, Wikipedia


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