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    * Bardia *

    Bardya, Smerdis,Tonyoxarces

    بردیا


    Achaemenid_Dariush_Bardia_Behistun_Inscription.jpg
    Bardia was the son of Cyrus the Great of Persia also younger brother of Cambyses. According to both the Greek historian Herodotus and the Persian king Dariush’s account in his Behistun Inscription, Cambyses killed his brother Bardia before setting out for Egypt, but kept it as a secret. However, Bardia was later successfully impersonated by Gaumata, a Magian, who was able to seize the throne when Cambyses was returning from his Egypt campaign.Upon the news, Cambyses began to march against him, but died in the spring of 522 B.C. On his death-bed he confessed to the murder of his brother, but nobody had the courage to oppose the new king, who ruled for seven months over the whole empire and was acknowledged by people after remission of taxes for 3 years. Bardia had transferred the capital to Media.The usurper reigned for only eight months before he was slain by seven Persian nobles including Dariush in Sept, 522 B.C.An alternative narration suggests that Bardia who ruled for a few months was the real son of Cyrus The Great, and that the story of his impersonation by a magian was an invention of Dariush to justify his coup d’état.In the following year, another person claimed to be Bardia. Dariush the Great names him Vahyazdata in the Behistun Inscription, as a usurper who rose against him in eastern Persia and met with great success. But he was finally defeated, taken prisoner and executed. (Wikipedia) - Bardia For other uses, see Bardia (disambiguation). Bardia البردية Bórdi Slemán Country Region District Elevation Population (2004)  • Total Time zone
    Town
    The Port of Bardia
    BardiaLocation in Libya
    Coordinates: 31°46′N 25°06′E / 31.767°N 25.100°E / 31.767; 25.100
     Libya
    Cyrenaica
    Butnan
    85 ft (26 m)
    9,149
    UTC+2

    Bardia, or El Burdi (Arabic: البردية or البردي‎) is a Mediterranean seaport in the Butnan District of eastern Libya. It is also known as Bórdi Slemán.

    History

    In Roman times the town was known as Petras Maior.

    During World War I, German U-boats made several landings in the port of Bardia in support of the Senussi order during their revolt against British and Italian colonial rule.

    During World War II, it was the site of a major Italian fortification, invested by the XXIII Corps under the command of General Annibale Bergonzoli. On 21 June 1940, the town was bombarded by the 7th Cruiser Squadron of the Mediterranean Fleet. In this fleet was the cruiser HMAS Sydney. The town was taken during Operation Compass by Commonwealth forces consisting mainly of the Australian 6th Division in fighting over 3–5 January 1941.

    The Axis later reoccupied the town and set up a prisoner of war camp there. On 2 January 1942, Bardia was re-taken by the South African 2nd Infantry Division, including New Zealand cavalry units. The South Africans, many of them ill-trained and ill-equipped police, lost hundreds of men, but the operation freed some 8,000 Allied prisoners of war and took some 6,000 Axis prisoners.

    Bardia is the location of a unique mural created during World War II, a favorite site to visit by tourists, known as the Bardia Mural.

    An old mosque in BardiaNotes
  • ^ a b Wolfram Alpha
  • ^ Bardīyah (Approved)) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  • ^ Bórdi Slemán (Variant) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  • ^ Stern, Robert Cecil (2007) The hunter hunted: submarine versus submarine : encounters from World War I Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland, note 15 of Chapter 13, page 205, from page 94, ISBN 978-1-59114-379-6
  • ^ Hans Werner Neulen: Feldgrau in Jerusalem. 2. Aufl., Universitas, München 2002, S. 100 ff., ISBN 3-8004-1437-6.
  • ^ Collier, Richard (1977) The War in the Desert Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, p. 29, ISBN 0-7835-5721-3
  • ^ Time-Life Books (1990) Afrikakorps Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, p. 15, ISBN 0-8094-6983-9
  • ^ "Australian Military Units: Battle of Bardia" Australian War Memorial
  • ^ Loughman, R. J. M. (1963) "Chapter 9: The Capture of Bardia" Divisional Cavalry War History Branch, New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs, Wellington, New Zealand, pp. 149-168
  • ^ Simmonds, Donald "Bardiyah (Bardia) Masterpiece"
  • Sources
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bardia.
    • v
    • t
    • e
    Butnan District, LibyaCapital Towns and villages
    • Tobruk
    • Jaghbub
    • Bardia
    • Gazala
    • Musaid
    • Acroma
    • Al Adm
    • Bi''r al Ashhab
    • Zawiyat Janzur
    • Kambut
    • Gasr el Jadi

    Coordinates: 31°46′N 25°06′E / 31.767°N 25.100°E / 31.767; 25.100

    Tags:Africa, African, Alexandria, Arabic, Australian, Bardia, Behistun Inscription, British, Cambyses, Capital, Cyrenaica, Cyrus, Cyrus The Great, Cyrus the Great, Dariush, Dariush the Great, Egypt, Gaumata, German, Greek, Herodotus, Italian, Jerusalem, Libya, Life, Magian, Maryland, Media, Mediterranean, New Zealand, Persia, Persian, Roman, Smerdis, South African, Stern, Sydney, United States, Vahyazdata, Virginia, Wikipedia, World War I, World War II


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