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    بایکونور


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    (Wikipedia) - Baikonur
    This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2009)
    Baikonur Байқоңыр Байконур Country Founded Incorporated (city) Area  • Total Elevation Population (2009)  • Total  • Density Time zone Postal code Area code(s) Vehicle registration Website
    Flag Seal
    BaikonurLocation in Kazakhstan
    Coordinates: 45°37′0″N 63°19′0″E / 45.61667°N 63.31667°E / 45.61667; 63.31667Coordinates: 45°37′0″N 63°19′0″E / 45.61667°N 63.31667°E / 45.61667; 63.31667

    Kazakhstan

    Russia - rented and administrated
    1955
    1966
    57 km2 (22 sq mi)
    100 m (300 ft)
    36,175
    630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
    UTC+6 (UTC+6)
    710501
    +7 73622
    N
    www.baikonuradm.ru/index.htm

    Baikonur (Kazakh: Байқоңыр, Bayqoñır, بايقوڭىر ; Russian: Байконур, Baykonur), formerly known as Leninsk, is a city of republic significance in Kazakhstan on the right bank of the Syr Darya river, rented and administered by the Russian Federation. It was constructed to service the Baikonur Cosmodrome and was officially renamed Baikonur by Russian president Boris Yeltsin on December 20, 1995. During the Soviet period it was sometimes referred to as Zvezdograd (Star City).

    In 2009 the population of Baikonur was 36,175 (2009 Census results), while in 1999 it was 28,776 (1999 Census results).

    The rented area is an ellipse measuring 90 km east to west by 85 km north to south, with the cosmodrome situated at the area''s centre.

    Contents

    History

    The original Baikonur (Kazakh for "wealthy brown", i.e. "fertile land with many herbs") is a mining town a few hundred kilometres northeast of the present location, near Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan''s Karagandy Province. Starting with Vostok 1 in April 1961, the launch site was given this name to cause confusion and keep the location secret. (The original Baikonur''s residents took advantage of the confusion by ordering and receiving much scarce materials before government officials discovered the deception.):284 The new Baikonur''s railroad station predates the base and retains the old name of Tyuratam.

    The fortunes of the city have varied according to those of the Soviet or Russian space program and its Baikonur Cosmodrome.

    The Soviet government established the Nauchno-Issledovatel''skii Ispytatel''nyi Poligon N.5 (NIIIP-5), or Scientific-Research Test Range N.5 by its decree of 12 February 1955. The U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance plane found and photographed for the first time the Tyuratam missile test range (cosmodrome Baikonur) on 5 August 1957. See right for a composite satellite image of the early Tyuratam launch complex, the cosmodrome (30 May 1962).

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    Tags:Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Russia, Russian, Russian Federation, Soviet, Website, Wikipedia


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